Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Denmark

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

DENMARK
DENMARK

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Denmark - Country information

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Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

45

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

DK

Internet country code

DK

GRC Country Code

DEN

Denmark - Number format

   1.234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and . the thousands separator)

Denmark - Date and time formats

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   dd-mm-yyyy

The 24-hour clock notation is used.

Denmark - Languages

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The official language, Danish External, is spoken by 98% of the population. Faroese External is spoken in the Faeroe Islands / Faroe Islands by 47 000 people. German External is spoken by a minority of 23 000 in North Slesvig (Sydjylland) along the German border. There are 40 000 speakers of Greenlandic (Inuktitut) External in Greenland. A distinctive Danish dialect called Jutish External is spoken by a small number of people near to the western end of the border with Germany. Each inhabitant of the village of Rudbøl is reputed to speak 5 languages - Danish, German, North Frisian, Low Saxon and Jutish.

Denmark - Personal names

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Married women may choose not to take their husband’s family name, or to use it hyphenated with their maiden names. Children born in Denmark must be given a name which is already in common use and which clearly defines gender.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Denmark - Company legal forms

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The following company types may be found in Danish company names:

   AMBA (Andelsselskab med begrænset ansvar)
   A/S (Aktieselskab – stock company)
   ApS (Anpartsselskab – limited libality corporation)
   ApS & Co. K/S
   Fond
   I/S (Interessentskab – general partnership)
   KA/S (Kommanditaktieselskab – limited partnership with share capital)
   K/S (Kommanditselskab – limited partnership)

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Denmark - Addresses

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Addresses are written in this format:

   Recipient name
   Thoroughfare[ ]number
   postal code[  ]TOWN NAME{[ ]SORTING CODE}

For example:

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The postal code should be separated from the town name by two spaces.

The thoroughfare type is suffixed to the thoroughfare name without a space. As with other Scandinavian languages, the definite article does not appear as a separate word but as a suffix (-en) at the end of the word.

A hyphen is often used between the building and sub-building numbers:

         Dronningensgade 45-2 

A letter after the building number indicates the entrance of the building:

         Dronningensgade 45 B -2 

Addresses showing three numbers will usually be showing (in this order) building number, floor number, door number:

         Dronningensgade 45, 6-2 

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A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

(Sub-)building indicators

(Sub-)building indicators include:

   bygning – building
   hus/huse - house
   lokale – room, hall
   kl (kælderetage) - basement
   mf - in the middle of
   st (stueetage) - ground floor
   th (til højre) - on the right
   tv (til venstre) - on the left

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Thoroughfare types

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Thoroughfare types are usually suffixed to the thoroughfare name. However, in some cases these words can stand on their own, for example when the thoroughfare name is a real noun, such as a person’s name. In this case it starts with an upper-case letter. So

   Tietensgade

but

   Sankt Knuds Gade

This is a list of thoroughfare types:

allé
anlæg
bakken
banen
bastion
boulevard
bro
broen
buen
dammen
dossering
gaard
gade
gangen
gård
get
grænsen
have
havn
høj, højen
holmen
huset
kær
krænten
længen
marken
parken
passagen
plads
siden
stien
stræde
svinget
toften
torv
vangen
varden
vej
vænge

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Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Other elements commonly found in address databases

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NB: the following abbreviations are used: g = gendered, n = neuter, s = singular, pl = plural.

den, det, de the (But only when followed by an adjective preceding a noun. Otherwise -en (gendered) or -et (neuter) is added to the end of the noun. So, for example, vej =road, den store vej = the big road, but ...vejen.
en, et a, an
og and
til till, until, up to
for, til for
af of
fra from
mod, imod to, towards
i nærheden af near, by
on
i in
overfor opposite
ved siden af next to
bagefter behind
foran in front of
mellem between
over over
under under
med with
ny (g s), nyt (n s), nye (pl) new
gammel (g s), gammelt (n s), gamle (pl) old
kort (s), korte (pl) short
lang (g s), langt (n s), lange (pl) long
stor (g s), stort (n s), store (pl) big
lille (s), små (pl) small
nord north
øst east
syd south
vest west
Sankt Saint

(NB: When used with nouns, the words for north, south, east and west are prefixed without a space to the noun to which they refer, e.g. Sydgade = South Street.)

Denmark - Post office box

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This is written as Postboks, abbreviated to PB.

Denmark - Postal codes

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Postal codes (Postnumre, introduced in 1967) in Denmark and Greenland are composed of a block of 4 digits. It should be separated from the town name which follows it by 2 spaces. Aalborg, Aarhus, Copenhagen, Esbjerg, Frederiksberg and Odense may have a suffix (sorting code) to the town name to indicate the area of the town served or the region. The suffixes are as follows:

N North
S South
Ø East
V West
NV North-West
North-East
SV South-West
South-East
K Central (København)
C Central (Odense, Aarhus and Frederiksberg)

The postal codes of larger communities end in ‘00’ or ‘000’.

Postal codes for Greenland can be distinguished as they begin with the numbers 39. Postal codes for the Faeroe Islands / Faroe Islands have 3 digits only. If you use the international sorting code, use FR for addresses in the Faeroe Islands / Faroe Islands rather than DK.

Provincial communities usually have a single postal code for the whole borough. Smaller towns (Esbjerg, Odense, Aalborg, Aarhus, Vejle and København N, NV, S, SV and Ø) distinguish different areas by postal code, whilst København K and V, and Frederiksberg C have different postal codes for some streets.

Post office box numbers 1001-1029 in København are in area K, 1501-1529 in area V. In Odense C, post office box numbers have the postal code 5100 as opposed to 5000; in Aalborg post office box numbers have the postal code 9100 as opposed to 9000; and in Aarhus C post office box numbers have the postal code 8100 as opposed to 8000.

Certain large mail users have their own postal code in Denmark.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Denmark - Postal code format graphic

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Denmark - Postal code format

Denmark - Postal code specifics

n/a

Denmark - Postal code regular expression

\A\d{4,4}\Z

Denmark - Postal code level of coverage

3

Denmark - Postal code map

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image Click to enlarge map

Place names in Denmark

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Note: Aalborg is often written as Ålborg. Aalborg is the spelling preferred by the inhabitants. Ålborg is used because aa has been replaced by å in written Danish.

The official spelling of Århus changed to Aarhus on 1st January 2011.

Refer to Exonyms in Denmark for full lists of place names in Denmark in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Denmark - Administrative districts

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Administrative districts graphic

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Denmark’s 14 counties (Amter External, singular Amt) 2 municipalities (kommunes External) were replaced on 1st January 2007 with 5 regions External. These are:

    Hovedstaden External (Capital)
    Midtjylland External (Central Jutland)
    Nordjylland External (North Jutland)
    Sjælland External 
    Syddanmark External (South Denmark)

Telephone numbers in Denmark

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Danish telephone numbers have no area codes. All subscriber numbers have 8 digits. Mobile numbers commence with one of these numbers: 2, 30-31, 40-42, 5015-5399, 600-619, 7110-7199, 810-8199, 91-93, 99.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.