Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Latvia

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

LATVIA
LATVIA

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Latvia - Country information

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Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

371

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

LV

Internet country code

LV

GRC Country Code

LAT

Latvia - Number format

   1 234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Latvia - Date formats

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The official format is:

   yyyy-mm-dd

though

   dd.mm.yyyy or
   dd/mm/yyyy

are often used.

Latvia - Languages

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The national language, Latvian External, is spoken by some 1 394 000 people, or 51.6% of the population. Some 32% (861 600) of the population have Russian as their mother language. There are also 105 000 Belorussian-speakers; 3 000 Estonian-speakers; 35 000 Lithuanian-speakers; 57 000 Polish-speakers; 8 000 Baltic Romani External-speakers; 5 000 Tatar-speakers and 78 000 Ukrainian-speakers.

Latvia - Personal names and forms of address

imageimage

The forms of address used in Latvia are:

   Mr      kungs
   Mrs     kundze
   Miss    jaunkundze

Jaunkundzeis only used for female children – use kundze for all other females.

Male and female family names are written differently. Male names often end in , female in -a or -e.

The name with form of address is written in this order:

   given name[ ]family name[ ]form of address

When writing to a family (i.e., “Mr and Mrs”), use the form of address:

   family name[ ģimenei]

where ģimenei means “family”.

In a letter, “Dear “ is Ļoti cienījamais (Ļ. cien.) (“most respectable”) or augusti godātais (A. god) (“highly honoured”) for males and Ļoti cienījamaor augusti gogātā for females, in this way:

   Ļoti cienījamais Janis Smita kungs.

For informal use, the letter headings are Miļais (male) and Miļā (female).

Note that the family name is declined when used with a form of address, so that Janis Smits becomes Janis Smita kungs.

When addressing an envelope, the form of address as above is used (usually abbreviated) followed by the person’s job title and then the name and form of address in this way:

   [Ļ. cien.]job title[ ]given name[ ]family name[ ]form of address

When addressing somebody with a professional degree, the title is also included:

   Arhitekta (m) / Arkitektes (f)             Architect
   Inženiera (m) / Inženieres (f)             Engineer
   Profesora (m) / Profesores (f)             Professor

Women usually take their husband’s family name upon marriage (with a feminised ending), but may also hyphenate this to their maiden family name.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Latvia - Company legal forms

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Latvian company types include:

Sabiedrība ar ierobežotu atbildību (SIA, Limited liability company)

   Akciju sabiedrība  (A/s, Joint stock company)  
   Branch
   General partnership
   Individuālais komersants (IK, Sole Trader)
   Individualais Uznemums (IU) 
   Komandītsabiedrība  (KS, Limited partnership)  
   Pilnsabiedrība (PS, Partnership) 
   Representative office
   Sabiedrība ar ierobežotu atbildību (SIA, Limited liability company)

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Latvia - Example address format

image

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The postal code is written to the right of the city name. A number of the larger cities also has a sorting number indicating the post office. This number is often duplicated within the postal code.

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Thoroughfare types

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Common Latvia thoroughfare types are bulvaris, gatve, iela and prospekt.

Latvia - Postal codes

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Postal codes (Pasta Indeksa) consist of a block of 4 digits, usually preceded by LV-. The first two indicate the routing area, the last two the post office. Postal codes cannot begin with 0, 22-29, 35, 49, 55 or 58-99.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Latvia - Postal code format graphic

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Latvia - Postal code format

Latvia - Postal code specifics

Latvia - Postal code regular expression

\A((1)[0-9][0-9][0-9]|(2)[0-1][0-9][0-9]|(3)[0-4][0-9][0-9]|(3)[6-9][0-9][0-9]|(4)[0-8][0-9][0-9]|(5)[0-4][0-9][0-9]|(5)[6-7][0-9][0-9])\Z

Latvia - Postal code level of coverage

2

Latvia - Postal code map

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Place names in Latvia

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Refer to Exonyms in Latvia for full lists of place names in Latvia in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Latvia - Administrative districts

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Administrative districts graphic

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Latvia has 110 novadi External (singular novads, amalgamated municipalities) and 9 pilsēti (singular pilsēta, republican cities), shown in the list below with an asterisk:

   Ādaži
   Aglona
   Aizkraukle
   Aizpute
   Aknīste
   Aloja
   Alsunga
   Alūksne
   Amata
   Ape
   Auce
   Babīte
   Baldone
   Baltinava
   Balvi
   Bauska
   Beverīna
   Brocēni
   Burtnieki
   Carnikava
   Cēsis
   Cesvaine
   Cibla
   Dagda
   Daugavpils *
   Daugavpils
   Dobele
   Dundaga
   Durbe
   Engure
   Ērgļi
   Garkalne
   Grobiņa
   Gulbene
   Iecava
   Ikšķile
   Ilūkste
   Inčukalns
   Jaunjelgava
   Jaunpiebalga
   Jaunpils
   Jēkabpils*
   Jēkabpils
   Jelgava *
   Jelgava
   Jūrmala*
   Kandava
   Kārsava
   Ķegums
   Ķekava
   Koknese
   Krāslava
   Krimulda
   Krustpils
   Kuldīga
   Lielvārde
   Liepāja*
   Līgatne
   Limbaži
   Līvāni
   Lubāna
   Ludza
   Madona
   Mālpils
   Mārupe
   Mazsalaca
   Mērsraga
   Naukšēni
   Nereta
   Nīca
   Ogre
   Olaine
   Ozolnieki
   Pārgauja
   Pāvilosta
   Pļaviņas
   Preiļi
   Priekule
   Priekuļi
   Rauna
   Rēzekne*
   Rēzekne
   Riebiņi
   Rīga*
   Roja
   Ropaži
   Rucava
   Rugāji
   Rūjiena
   Rundāle
   Sala
   Salacgrīva
   Salaspils
   Saldus
   Saulkrasti
   Sēja
   Sigulda
   Skrīveri
   Skrunda
   Smiltene
   Stopiņi
   Strenči
   Talsi
   Tērvete
   Tukums
   Vaiņode
   Valka
   Valmiera *
   Valmiera
   Varakļāni
   Vārkava
   Vecpiebalga
   Vecumnieki
   Ventspils *
   Ventspils
   Viesīte
   Viļaka
   Viļāni
   Zilupe

Telephone numbers in Latvia

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Latvian numbers have no area codes and a length of 8 digits when called from abroad. Mobile numbers commence with a 2.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.