Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Place names in English

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

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Tips for practical management of international place name data External

I am often asked for a list of place names in English rather than in their local language(s). I advise very strongly against using English place names instead of their local variants, but I have summarised below those place names where an English version is known. The main reasons for places having an English variant are:

Note: This table does not include the large number of settlements in Ireland with both English and Irish names, those in New Zealand with Maori and English names, or those in South Africa with names in several languages. Please refer to the Ireland/New Zealand/South Africa chapters for those names.

Country Local name English name
Albania Tiranë Tirana
Algeria Al-Jazā’ir Algiers
  Ouahran Oran
  Qacentina Constantine
Austria Wien Vienna
Azerbaijan Bakı Baku
Bahrain Al Manāmah Manama
Belgium Antwerpen Antwerp
  Brugges Bruges
  Bruxelles/Brussel Brussels
  Gent Ghent
  Ieper Ypres
  Kortrijk Courtrai
  Leuven Louvain
  Mechelen Malines
  Menen Menin
  Oostende Ostend
  Vilvoorde Filford
  Zeebrugge Zeebruges
Brazil Brasilía Brasilia
  São Paulo Sao Paulo
Bulgaria Sofiya Sofia
Canada Montréal Montreal
  Québec Quebec
China Nanjing Nanking
Colombia Bogotá Bogota
  Medellín Medellin
Cuba La Habana Havana
Cyprus Ammoschostos Famagusta
  Lavkosia Nicosia
  Lemesos Limassol
  Pafos Paphos
Czechia / Czech Republic Česke Budějovice Budweis
  Plzeň Pilsen
  Praha Prague
Denmark København Copenhagen
Egypt Aswân Aswan
  Bûr Saîd Port Said
  Dumyât Damietta
  El Gîza Giza
  El Iskandarîya Alexandria
  El Qâhira Cairo
  El Suweis Suez
  El Uqsur Luxor
Eritrea Asmera Asmara
Ethiopia Addis Abeba Addis Ababa
France Dunkerque Dunkirk
Germany Aachen Aix-la-Chapelle
  Blindheim Blenheim
  Braunschweig Brunswick
  Frankfurt am Main Frankfurt on Main
  Hameln Hamelin
  Hannover Hanover
  Jülich Juliers
  Kassel Cassel
  Kleve Cleves
  Koblenz Coblenz
  Köln Cologne
  Konstanz Constance
  München Munich
  Nürnberg Nuremberg
Greece Athínai Athens
  Iráklion Candia
  Kérkira Corfu
  Khalkís Chalcis
  Kórinthos Corinth
  Patrai Patrae
  Piraiévs Piræus
  Ródos Rhodes
  Sparti Sparta
  Thessaloniki Salonica
Greenland Kangerlussuaq Sondrestrom
  Pituffik / Uummanaq Thule Air Base
Guatemala Ciudad de Guatemala Guatemala City
Iceland Reykjavík Reykjavik
India Alappuzha Aleppey
  Aluva Alwaye
  Bengalooru Bangalore
  Chennai Madras
  Kannur Cannanore
  Kochi Cochin
  Kolkata Calcutta
  Kollam Quilon
  Mangalooru Mangalore
  Kozhikode Calicut
  Panjim Goa
  Puna Poona
  Shimla Simla
  Thiruvanthapuram Trivandrum
Iran Tehrān Teheran/Tehran
Israel Akko Acre
  Nazerat Nazereth
  Tel Aviv-Yafo Tel Aviv-Jaffa
  Tyverya Tiberias
Italy Bologna Bologne
  Firenze Florence
  Genova Genoa
  Livorno Leghorn
  Mantova Mantua
  Milano Milan
  Nápoli Naples
  Padova Padua
  Roma Rome
  Siena Sienna
  Siracusa Syracuse
  Torino Turin
  Venezia Venice
Jordan Ammān Amman
Kosovo Prishtina / Prishtinë / Priština Pristina
Kuwait Al Kuwayt Kuwait City
Latvia Rīga Riga
Lebanon Bayrut Beirut
Libya Benghāzi Benghazi
  Marsá Susah Apollonia
  Shahhāt Cyrene
  Tarābulus Tripoli
  Ţubruq Tobruk
Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg Luxembourg
Malta Birgu Vittoriosa
  Bormla Cospicua
  Għajn Sielem Kemmuna
  Rabat Victoria
  Raħal Ġdid Paolo
  San Pawl Il-Baħar St Paul’s Bay
  Wied Il-Għajn Marsascala
Marshall Islands Dalap-Uliga-Darrit Majuro
Mexico Ciudad de México Mexico City
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Ulan Bator
Morocco ar-Rabāṭ Rabat
Myanmar Yangon Rangoon
Netherlands Alphen aan den Rijn Alphen-on-the-Rhine
  Brielle Brill
  Den Helder The Helder
  Dordecht Dort
  Haarlem Harlem
  Hoek van Holland The Hook of Holland
  Leiden Leyden
  Rijswijk Ryswick
  ‘s-Gravenhage / Den Haag The Hague
  Sluis Sluys
  Vlissingen Flushing
Oman Musqaţ Muscat
Panama Panamá Panama City
Poland Gdańsk Danzig
  Kraków Crakow
  Oświęcim Auschwitz
  Warszawa Warsaw
  Szczecin Stettin
  Wrocław Breslau
Portugal Lisboa Lisbon
  Porto Oporto
Qatar Ad Dawhah Doha
Romania Bucureşti Bucharest
Russia Arhangelsk Archangel
  Moskva Moscow
  Sankt Peterburg Saint Petersburg
Saudi Arabia Al Madinah Medina
  Ar-Riyād Riyadh
  Az Zahrān Dhahran
  Makkah Mecca
Serbia Beograd Belgrade
Spain Cádiz Cadiz
  Córdoba Cordoba
  Málaga Malaga
  Sevilla Seville
  Zaragoza Saragossa
Sweden Göteborg Gothenburg
Switzerland Basle Basel
  Berne Bern
  Genève Geneva
  Zürich Zurich
Syria Al Lādhiqiyah Latakia
  Dimashq Damascus
  Halab Aleppo
  Hims Homs
Thailand Krung Thep Bangkok
Turkey Bursa Prusa
  Gelibolu Gallipoli
  İstanbul Istanbul
  İzmir Smyrna
  Tekirdag Rodosto
Ukraine Kiyev Kiev
  Odesa Odessa
United Arab Emirates AbūZaby Abu Dhabi
  Ash Shāriqah Sharjah
  Dubayy Dubai
Uzbekistan Toškent/Taškent Tashkent
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Saigon
Yemen Al ’Adan Aden
  Şan’ā’ Sana

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.