Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Summary: Country information

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

Official name Local short name form Capital Area Population International telephone access code
Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Afghanestan Afghānestān, افغانستان (Pushtu/Dari) Kabul 647 497 sq. km (249 934 sq. miles) 30 419 928 93
Åland Islands Åland Åland (Swedish); Ahvenanmaan (Finnish) Mariahamn 1527 square km (590 square miles) 25706 358
Albania Republic of Albania, Republika e Shqipërisë Shqīpëri Tiranë (Tirana) 28 748 sq. km (11 097 sq. miles) 3 002 859 355
Algeria People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah Al-Jazā'ir,الجمهورية الجزائرية Al-Jazā’ir (Algiers) 2 460 500 sq. km (949 753 sq. miles) 37 367 226 213
American Samoa Territory of American Samoa São Paulo de Loanda Pago Pago/Fago Togo 197 sq. km (76 sq. miles) 54 947 1684
Andorra Principality of Andorra, The Valleys of Andorra, Vallée d’Andorre, Valls d’Andorra, Principat d’Andorra Andorra Andorra la Vella 467 sq. km (180 sq. miles) 85 082 376
Angola Republic of Angola, República de Angola Angola Luanda 1 245 790 sq. km (480 875 sq. miles) 18 056 072 244
Anguilla Anguilla Anguilla The Valley 155 sq. km (60 sq. miles) 15 423 1
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Saint John’s a442 sq. km (171 sq. miles) 89 018 1
Argentina Argentine Republic, República Argentina Argentina Buenos Aires 2 780 092 sq. km (1 073 115 sq. miles) 42 192 494 54
Armenia Republic of Armenia, Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun Hayastan, Հայաստան Yerevan 29 800 sq. km (11 500 sq. miles) 2 970 495 374
Aruba Aruba Aruba Oranjestad 193 sq. km (74.5 sq. miles) 107 635 297
Ascension Island Georgetown 88 sq. km (34 sq. miles) 880 247
Australia Commonwealth of Australia Australia Canberra 7 692 300 sq. km (2 969 228 sq. miles) 22 015 576 61
Austria Republic of Austria, Republik Österreich Österreich Wien (Vienna) 83 854 sq. km (32 368 sq. miles) 8 219 743 43
Azerbaijan Republic of Azerbaijan, Republik Azarbaijchan Azarbaijchan Baké (Baku) 86 600 sq. km (33 428 sq. miles) 9 493 600 994
Bahamas The Commonwealth of the Bahamas Bahamas Nassau 13 934 sq. km (5 378 sq. miles) 318 182 1
Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain, Memleket al-Bahrayn Al-Bahrayn, بحرين Al Manāmah (Manama) 678 sq. km (262 sq. miles) 1 248 348 973
Bangladesh People's Republic of Bangladesh, GaNa Prajãtantrï Bangladesh Bangladesh Dhaka 143 998 sq. km (55 583 sq. miles) 161 083 804 880
Barbados Barbados Barbados Bridgetown 430 sq. km (166 sq. miles) 287 733 1
Belarus Republic of Belarus, Respublika Belarus Беларусь Minsk 207 600 sq. km (80 134 sq. miles) 9 643 566 375
Belgium Kingdom of Belgium, Koninkrijk België, Royaume de Belgique, Königreich Belgien België/Belgique/Belgien Bruxelles, Brussel (Brussels) 30,519 sq. km (11,783 sq. miles) 10 438 353 32
Belize Belize Belize, Belice (Spanish) Belmopan 22 963 sq. km (8 864 sq. miles) 327 719 501
Benin Republic of Benin, République du Benin Benin Porto Novo 112 622 sq. km (43 472 sq. miles) 9 598 787 229
Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda Hamilton 53 sq. km (20 sq. miles) 69 080 1
Bhutan Kingdom of Bhutan, Druk-yul Druk-yul Thimphu 46 600 sq. km (18 000 sq. miles) 716 896 975
Bolivia Plurinational State of Bolivia, Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia Bolivia La Paz 1 098 580 sq. km (424 052 sq. miles) 10 290 003 591
Bonaire Bonaire Bonaire Kralendijk 294 sq. km (113 sq. miles) 14 006 599
Bosnia-Hercegovina Republic of Bosnia-Hercegovina, Republika Bosnia i Hercegovina Bosnia i Hercegovina, Босна и Херцеговина Sarajevo 51 129 sq. km (19 736 sq. miles) 3 879 296 387
Botswana Republic of Botswana Botswana Gabarone 581 730 sq. km (224 711 sq. miles) 2 098 018 267
Bouvet Island Bouvet Island, Bouvetøya Bouvetøya none 58 sq. km 0 none
Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil, República Federativa do Brasil Brasil Brasília 8 511 965 sq. km (3 285 618 sq. miles) 199 321 413 55
British Antarctic Territory British Antarctic Ocean Territory British Antarctic Ocean Territory none 1 709 400 sq. km (660 003 sq. miles) No indigenous inhabitants. There are two permanent research stations with a population of about 250 in the summer months not available
British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory none 60 sq. km There is no permanent population, though there are around 3 200 staff and military personnel at the United States and British Military sites on the islands. The indigenous population were resettled not available
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Road Town 153 sq. km (59 sq. miles) 31 148 1
Brunei Darussalam State of Brunei Darussalam, Negara Brunei Darussalam Negara Brunei Darusalam Bandar Seri Begawan 5 765 sq. km (2 225 sq. miles) 408 786 673
Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria, Republika Bălgarija Bălgarija Sofiya (Sofia) 110 994 sq. km (42 855 sq. miles) 7 037 935 359
Burkina Faso Republic of Burkina Faso, République de Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 274 200 sq. km (105 870 sq. miles) 17 275 115 226
Burundi Republic of Burundi, Republika y’Uburundi Burundi Bujumbura 27 834 sq. km (10 744 sq. miles) 9 863 117 257
Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia, Cambodia, Preahreacheanachakr Kampuchea Kampuchea Phnom Penh 181 035 sq. km (69 879 sq. miles) 14 952 665 855
Cameroon Republic of Cameroon, République du Cameroun Cameroun Yaoundé 475 439 sq. km (183 519 sq. miles) 20 129 878 237
Canada Canada Canada Ottawa 9 970 610 sq. km (3 849 672 sq. miles) 34 300 083 1
Cape Verde Republic of Cabo Verde, República de Cabo Verde Cabo Verde Praia 4 033 sq. km (1 557 sq. miles) 523 568 238
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Cayman Islands George Town 260 sq. km (100 sq. miles) 52 560 1
Central African Republic Central African Republic, République Centrafricaine République Centrafricaine, Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka Bangui 622 984 sq. km (240 535 sq. miles) 5 057 208 236
Chad Republic of Chad, République du Tchad Tchad, Tašād (Arabic), تشاد N’Djamena 1 284 640 sq. km (495 871 sq. miles) 10 975 648 235
Chile Republic of Chile, República de Chile Chile Santiago 756 626 sq. km (292 058 sq. miles) 17 067 369 56
China People’s Republic of China, Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Zhongguo, 中國 Beijing 9 597 000 sq. km (3 704 000 sq. miles) 1 343 239 923 86
Christmas Island Territory of Christmas Island Christas Island The Settlement 155 sq. km (60 sq. miles) 1 496 not available
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands Cocos (Keeling) Islands West Island 14.2 sq. km (5.5 sq. miles) 596 not available
Colombia Republic of Colombia, República de Colombia Colombia Bogotá 1 140 105 sq. km (440 080 sq. miles) 45 239 079 57
Comoros Union of the Comoros, Union des Comores Comores, Qumur (Arabic), قمر Moroni 1 862 sq. km (719 sq. miles) 737 284 269
Congo (Democratic Republic of - Kinshasa) Democratic Republic of Congo, Republique Democratique du Congo Republique Democratique du Congo Kinshasa 2 234 585 sq. km (905 365 sq. miles) 73 599 190 243
Congo (Republic of the - Brazzaville) Republic of the Congo, République du Congo Congo Brazzaville 341 945 sq. km (132 000 sq. miles) 4 366 266 242
Cook Islands Cook Islands Cook Islands Avarua 238 sq. km (92 sq. miles) 10 777 682
Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica, República de Costa Rica Costa Rica San José 51 022 sq. km (19 694 sq. miles) 4 636 348 506
Croatia Republic of Croatia, Republika Hrvatska Hrvatska Zagreb 56 540 sq. km (21 825 sq. miles) 4 480 043 385
Cuba Republic of Cuba, República de Cuba Cuba La Habana (Havana) 110 860 sq. km (42 792 sq. miles) 11 075 244 53
Curaçao Curaçao Kòrsou (Papiamentu) Willemstad 444 sq. km (171.4 sq. miles) 145 834 599
Cyprus Republic of Cyprus, Kypriaki Dimokratia, Kibris Cumhuriyeti. The Turkish-controlled area calls itself the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus Kypros, Κυπρος (Greek); Kibris (Turkish) Lavkosia (Nicosia) 9 251 sq. km (3 572 sq. miles) 1 138 071. Of these, about 280 000 are in the Turkish-controlled area 357
Czechia / Czech Republic Czech Republic, Česká Republika Česka' Republika Praha (Prague) 78 864 sq. km (30 441 sq. miles) 10 201 707 420
Denmark Kingdom of Denmark, Kongeriget Danmark Danmark København (Copenhagen) 43 093 sq. km. (16 638 sq. miles) 5 543 453 45
Djibouti Republic of Djibouti, Jumhouriyya Djibouti Jumhouriyya Djibouti, Jibuti (Arabic), جيبوتي Djibouti 23 200 sq. km (8 958 sq. miles) 774 389 253
Dominica Commonwealth of Dominica Dominica Roseau 751 sq. km (290 sq. miles) 73 126 1
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic, República Dominicana República Dominicana Santo Domingo 48 442 sq. km (18 699 sq. miles) 9 823 821 1
East Timor Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, República Democrática de Timor L’Este, Republika Demokratika Timor Loro Sa'E Timor Loro Sa’E (Tetum) / Timor Timur (Indonesian) / Timor-Leste (Portuguese) Dili 15 007 sq. km (5 794 sq. miles) 1 143 667 670
Ecuador Republic of Ecuador, República del Ecuador Ecuador Quito 270 699 sq. km (104 490 sq. miles) 15 223 680 593
Egypt Arab Republic of Egypt, Jumhuriya Misr al-Arabiya Misr, مصر El Qâhira (Cairo) 1 001 449 sq. km (386 559 sq. miles) 83 688 164 20
El Salvador Republic of El Salvador, República de El Salvador El Salvador San Salvador 21 476 sq. km (5 418 000sq. miles) 6 090 646 503
Equatorial Guinea Republic of Equatorial Guinea, República de Guinea Ecuatorial Guinea Ecuatorial Malabo 26 016 sq. km (10 042 sq. miles) 685 991 240
Eritrea State of Eritrea, Hagere Ertra Etra, Iertra, Irītriyā (Arabic),إريتريا Asmara 124 000 sq. km (47 876 sq. miles) 6 086 495 291
Estonia Republic of Estonia, Eesti Vabariik Eesti Tallinn 45 100 sq. km (17 409 sq. miles) 1 274 709 372
Ethiopia Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ye Itiyop’iya Federalawi Dimokrasiyawi Ripublik Ityop'iya Ādīs Ābeba (Addis Abeba, Addis Ababa) 1 251 282 sq. km (483 123 sq. miles) 91 195 675 251
Faeroe Islands / Faroe Islands Foroyar, Faerøerne (Danish), Faroe Islands Foroyar, Faerøerne (Danish) Tórshavn 1 400 sq. km (540 sq. miles) 49 483 298
Falkland Islands Colony of the Falkland Islands Falkland Islands Stanley 12 173 sq. km (4 700 sq. miles) 3 140 500
Fiji Republic of Fiji Viti Suva 18 333 sq. km (7 076 sq. miles) 890 057 679
Finland Republic of Finland, Suomen Tasavalta Suomi (Finnish); Finland (Swedish) Helsinki/Helsingfors 338 145 sq. km (130 559 sq. miles) 5 262 930 358
France Republic of France, République Française France Paris 543 965 sq.km. (210 026 sq. miles) 65 630 692 (Metropolitan France) 33
French Guiana Overseas Department of French Guiana, Département d'Outre-Mer de la Guyane française Guyane Française Cayenne 90 909 sq. km (35 091 sq. miles) 199 509 594
French Polynesia Overseas Country of French Polynesia, Pays d'Outre-Mer de la Polynésie française Polynésie Française Papeete 3 941 sq. km (1 521 sq. miles) 274 512 689
French Southern Territories Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises none 7 781 sq. km 0 not available
Gabon Gabonese Republic, République Gabonaise Gabon Libreville 267 667 sq. km (103 319 sq. miles) 1 608 321 241
Gambia The Islamic Republic of The Gambia The Gambia Banjul 11 295 sq. km (4 361 sq. miles) 1 840 454 220
Georgia Republic of Georgia, Sakartvelos Respublika Sakartvelos T’bilisi 69 700 sq. km (26 900 sq. miles) (includes Abkhazia 8 660 sq. km; 3 343 sq. miles) 4 570 934 995
Germany Federal Republic of Germany, Bundesrepublik Deutschland Bundesrepublik Deutschland Berlin 356 945 sq. km (137 817 sq. miles) 81 305 856 49
Ghana Republic of Ghana Ghana Accra 238 537 sq. km (92 100 sq. miles) 24 652 402 233
Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar 6.5 sq. km (2.5 sq. miles) 29 304 350
Greece Hellenic Republic, Elliniki Dimokratia Ellás / Hellas, 'Eλλας Athínai (Athens) 131 957 sq. km (50 949 sq. miles) 10 767 827 30
Greenland Greenland Kalaalit Nunaat (Greenlandic), Kalâtdlit-Nunât (Inuit), Grønland (Danish) Nuuk 2 175 600 sq. km (839 781 sq. miles) 57 695 299
Grenada State of Grenada Grenada St George’s 344 sq. km (133 sq. miles) 109 011 1
Guadeloupe Overseas Department of Guadeloupe, Département d'Outre-Mer de la Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Basse-Terre 1 703 sq. km (659 sq. miles) 409 244 590
Guam Territory of Guam Guàhan Hagåtña (Agaña) 541 sq. km (209 sq. miles) 159 914 1
Guatemala Republic of Guatemala, República de Guatemala Guatemala Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala City) 108 889 sq. km (42 031 sq. miles) 14 099 032 502
Guernsey Bailiwick of Guernsey Guernsey Guernsey: St. Peter Port; Alderney: St. Anne’s Guernsey: 65 sq. km (25 sq. miles); Alderney: 7.9 sq. km (3 sq. miles); Sark: 5.5 sq. km (2.1 sq. miles); Herm: 2 sq. km. (0.8 sq. miles) 63 345 44
Guinea Republic of Guinea, République de Guinée Guinée Conakry 246 000 sq. km (94 974 sq. miles) 10 884 958 224
Guinea-Bissau Republic of Guinea-Bissau, República da Guiné-Bissau Guiné-Bissau Bissau 36 125 sq. km (13 948 sq. miles) 1 628 603 245
Guyana The Co-operative Republic of Guyana Guyana Georgetown 214 969 sq. km (82 978 sq. miles) 748 486 592
Haiti Republic of Haiti, République d’Haiti, Repiblik d'Ayiti Ayiti (Haitian Creole French) Port-au-Prince 27 750 sq. km (10 712 sq. miles) 9 801 664 509
Heard and McDonald Islands Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands Heard and McDonald Islands none 412 sq. km (159 sq. miles) 0 not available
Holy See Holy See (previously known as State of the Vatican City, Stato dell Città del Vaticano), Santa Sede Santa Sede Vatican CIty, Città del Vaticano 0.44 sq. km (0.17 sq. miles) 836 39
Honduras Republic of Honduras, República de Honduras Honduras Tegucigalpa 112 088 sq. km (43 266 sq. miles) 8 296 693 504
Hong Kong Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Xianggang Tebie Xingzhengqu Xianggang Victoria 1066.5 sq. km (411.7 sq. miles) 7 153 519 852
Hungary Hungary, Magyarország Magyarország Budapest 93 031 sq. km (35 919 sq. miles) 9 958 453 36
Iceland Republic of Iceland, Lýoveldid Ísland Ísland Reykjavík (Reykjavik) 103 000 sq. km (39 769 sq. miles) 313 183 354
India Republic of India, Bhāratiya Ganarajya Bhārat (Hindi), भारत New Delhi 3 166 829 sq. km (1 222 369 sq. miles) 1 205 073 612 91
Indonesia Republic of Indonesia, Republik Indonesia Indonesia Jakarta 1 906 240 sq. km (735 809 sq. miles) 248 645 008 62
Iran Islamic Republic of Islam, Jomhori-e-Islami-e-Īrān Īrān (Farsi),ایران Tehrān (Teheran/Tehran) 1 648 000 sq. km (636 128 sq. miles) 78 868 711 98
Iraq Republic of Iraq, al Jumhouriya al’Iraqia Al-Īrāq (Arabic), العیراق/ Īraq (Kurdish), عیراق Baghdad 434 925 sq. km (167 881 sq. miles) 31 129 229 964
Ireland Ireland, Éire Éire Dublin 70 283 sq. km (27 136 sq. miles) 4 722 028 353
Isle of Man Isle of Man Isle of Man Douglas 572 sq. km (221 sq. miles) 85 421 44
Israel State of Israel, Medinat Yisr’el Yisr'el (Hebrew), ישראל, Isrā'īl (Arabic), اسرائيل Jerusalem 20 770 sq. km (8 017 sq. miles) 7 590 758 972 (The code 970 is used for the Palestinian Authority areas)
Italy Italian Republic, Repubblica Italiana Italia Roma (Rome) 301 277 sq. km (116 324 sq. miles) 58 090 681 39
Ivory Coast Republic of Ivory Coast, République de la Côte d'Ivoire Côte d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro 322 462 sq. km (124 503 sq. miles) 21 952 093 225
Jamaica Jamaica Jamaica Kingston 10 957 sq. km (4 229 sq. miles) 2 889 187 1
Japan Japan, Nippon Nihon (Nippon), 日本国 Tokyo 377 728 sq. km (145 803 sq. miles) 127 368 088 81
Jersey Bailiwick of Jersey Jersey St Helier 116.2 sq. km (44.8 sq. miles) 94 949 44
Jordan Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, al Mamlaka al Urduniya al Hashemiyah Al' Urdan Ammān (Amman) 96 188 sq. km (37 129 sq. miles) 6 407 085 962
Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan, Qazaqstan Respublikasy, Kazak Respublikasy Qazaqstan, Ķазаķстан Astana 2 717 300 sq. km (1 048 878 sq. miles) 17 522 010 7
Kenya Republic of Kenya, Jamhuri ya Kenya Kenya Nairobi 564 162 sq. km (217 766 sq. miles) 43 013 341 254
Kiribati Republic of Kiribati Kiribati Tarawa 717 sq. km (277 sq. miles) 101 998 686
Kosovo Republic of Kosovo, Republika e Kosovës, Republika Kosovo Kosova (Albanian), Косово(Serbian) Prishtina/Prishtinë/Priština 10 887 sq. km. (4 203 sq. miles) 1 836 529 383
Kuwait State of Kuwait, Dowlat al Kuwait Dowlat al Kuwait, الكويت Al Kuwayt (Kuwait City) 17 818 sq. km (6 878 sq. miles) 2 646 314 965
Kyrgyzstan Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz Respublikasy Кыргызстан Bichkek (Bishkek, Frunze) 198 500 sq. km (76 621 sq. miles) 5 508 626 996
Laos Lao People's Democratic Republic, Sathanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao Lao Vientiane 236 800 sq. km (91 405 sq. miles) 6 586 266 856
Latvia Republic of Latvija, Latvijas Republika Latvija Rīga 64 600 sq. km (24 900 sq. miles) 2 191 580 371
Lebanon Lebanese Republic, Al Juamhuriyah al Lubnaniyah Al-Lubnān (Arabic), لبنان, Liban (French) Bayrut (Beirut) 10 452 sq. km (4 034 sq. miles) 4 140 289 961
Lesotho Kingdom of Lesotho Lesotho Maseru 30 355 sq. km (11 720 sq. miles) 1 930 493 266
Liberia Republic of Liberia Liberia Monrovia 111 370 sq. km (42 989 sq. miles) 3 887 886 231
Libya Libya, Lībiyā, ليبية Lībiyā, ليبية Tarābulus (Tripoli) 1 758 610 sq. km (678 823 sq. miles) 5 613 380 218
Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein, Fürstentum Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Vaduz 160 sq. km (61.8 sq. miles) 36 713 423
Lithuania Republic of Lithuania, Lietuvos Respublika Lietuva Vilnius 65 200 sq. km (25 167 sq. miles) 3 525 761 370
Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourg) 2 586 sq. km (999 sq. miles) 497 538 352
Macao Macao Special Administrative Region, Regiao Administrativa Especial de Macáu (Portuguese); Aomen Tebie Xingzhengqu (Chinese) Macáu (Portuguese), Aomen (Chinese) Nome de Deus de Macáu 16 sq. km. (6 sq. miles) 578 025 853
Macedonia Republic of Macedonia, Republika Makedonija Makedonija Skopje 25 713 sq. km (9 925 sq. miles) 2 005 222 389
Madagascar Republic of Madagascar, Repoblika Malagasy Madagasikara Antananarivo 592 800 sq. km (228 821 sq. miles) 21 281 844 261
Malawi Republic of Malawi Malaêi Lilongwe 118 484 sq. km (45 735 sq. miles) 16 323 044 265
Malaysia Malaysia Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 329 749 sq. km (127 283 sq. miles) 29 179 952 60
Maldives Republic of Maldives, Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa Dhivehi Jumhuriya, ގުޖޭއްރާޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު Malé 300 sq. km (116 sq. miles) 394 451 960
Mali Republic of Mali, République du Mali Mali Bamako 1 240 192 sq. km (478 714 sq. miles) 15 494 466 223
Malta Republic of Malta, Repubblika Ta'Malta Malta Valletta 316 sq. km (122 sq. miles) 409 836 356
Marshall Islands Republic of the Marshall Islands Aelōn in Majeļ (Note: some diacritics missing in this name as written) Majuro 180 sq. km (70 sq. miles) 68 480 692
Martinique Overseas Department of Martinique, Département d'Outre-Mer de la Martinique Martinique Fort-de-France 1 079 sq. km (416 sq. miles) 436 131 596
Mauritania Islamic Republic of Mauritania, République Islamique de Mauritanie (French); Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Mūritāniyā(Arabic) Mūritāniyā(Arabic), موريتانية, Mauritanie (French) Nouakchott 1 029 920 sq. km (397 549 sq. miles) 3 359 185 222
Mauritius Republic of Mauritius Mauritius Port Louis 1 865 sq. km (720 sq. miles) 1 313 095 230
Mayotte Overseas Department of Mayotte, Département d'Outre-Mer de la Mayotte Mayotte Mamoutzou 374 sq. km (144 sq. miles) 231 139 262
Mexico United Mexican States, Estados Unidos Méxicanos México Ciudad de México (Mexico City) 1 978 800 sq. km (763 817 sq. miles) 114 975 406 52
Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia Palikir 700 sq. km (270 sq. miles) 106 487 691
Moldova Republic of Moldova, Republika Moldoveneascǎ Moldova Chişinău (Kishinev) 33 700 sq. km (13 800 sq. miles) 3 656 843 373
Monaco Principality of Monaco, Principauté de Monaco Monaco Monaco-Ville 1.95 sq. km (0.75 sq. miles) 30 510 377
Mongolia State of Mongolia, Mongol Ard Uls Mongol Ard Uls, Монгол Улс Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator) 1 566 500 sq. km (604 800 sq. miles) 3 179 997 976
Montenegro Montenegro, Crna Gora Crna Gora Podgorica 13 938 sq. km (5 381 sq. miles) 657 394 382
Montserrat Montserrat Montserrat Plymouth (abandoned – administration is now based at Brades Estate) 106 sq. km (41 sq. miles) 5 164 1
Morocco Kingdom of Morocco, al-Mamlaka al-Maghrebia Al-Magrib, مغرب Ar-Rabāṭ (Rabat) 409 200 sq. km (157 951 sq. miles) 32 309 239 212
Mozambique Republic of Mozambique, República de Moçambique Moçambique Maputo 799 380 sq. km (308 641 sq. miles) 23 515 934 258
Myanmar The Republic of the Union of Burma/The Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw Myanma Naingngandaw Naypyidaw 678 576 sq. km (261 930 sq. miles) 54 584 650 95
Namibia Republic of Namibia Namibia Windhoek 824 292 sq. km (318 261 sq. miles) 2 165 828 264
Nauru Republic of Nauru, Naeoro Naeoro There is no official capital 21.3 sq. km (8.2 sq. miles) 9 378 674
Nepal Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, संघीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल, Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl Nepāl, नेपाल Kathmandu 145 391 sq. km (56 121 sq. miles) 29 890 686 977
Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands, Koninkrijk der Nederlanden Nederland Amsterdam 33 938 sq. km (13 104 sq. miles) 16 730 632 31
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles, Nederlandse Antillen Nederlandse Antillen Willemstad 993 sq. km (383 sq. miles) 228 693 599
New Caledonia Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies; Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dépendances Nouvelle-Calédonie Nouméa 18 575 sq. km (7 170 sq. miles) 260 166 687
New Zealand New Zealand, Aotearoa Aotearoa (Maori) Wellington 268 812 sq. km (103 761 sq. miles) 4 327 944 64
Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua, República de Nicaragua Nicaragua Managua 148 000 sq. km (57 128 sq. miles) 5 727 707 505
Niger Republic of Niger, République du Niger Niger Niamey 1 267 000 sq. km (489 191 sq. miles) 16 344 687 227
Nigeria Federal Republic of Nigeria Nigeria Abuja 923 768 sq. km (356 574 sq. miles) 170 123 740 234
Niue Niue Niue Alofi 260 sq. km (101 sq. miles) 1 269 683
Norfolk Island Territory of Norfolk Island Norfolk Island Kingston 35 sq. km (13 sq. miles) 2 182 672
North Korea Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Choson-minjujuui-inmin-konghwaguk Choson, 조선 P’yongyang 120 540 sq. km (46541 sq. miles) 24 589 122 850
Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Kuzey Kıbrıs Nicosia 3 355 sq. km (1295 sq. miles) 287 856 90-392
Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands Saipan 471 sq. km (182 sq. miles) 51 395 1
Norway Kingdom of Norway, Kongeriket Norge Norge Oslo 323 877 sq. km (125 050 sq. miles) 4 707 270 47
Oman Sultanate of Oman, Saltanat ’Umān 'Umān, عمان Musqaţ (Muscat) 300 000 sq. km (115 800 sq. miles) 3 090 150 968
Pakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Islam-i Jamhuriya-e Pākistān Pākistān Islamabad 803 943 sq. km (310 322 sq. miles) 190 291 129 92
Palau Republic of Belau, Beluu er a Belau Belau Ngerulmud 494 sq. km (191 sq. miles) 21 032 680
Palestinian Authority 970
Panama Republic of Panama, República de Panamá Panamá Panamá (Panama City) 77 082 sq. km (29 753 sq. miles) 3 510 045 507
Papua New Guinea The Independent State of Papua New Guinea Papua Niugini Port Moresby 462 840 sq. km (178 656 sq. miles) 6 310 129 675
Paraguay Republic of Paraguay, República del Paraguay Paraguay Asunción 406 750 sq. km (157 000 sq. miles) 6 541 591 595
Peru Republic of Peru, República del Perú Perú Lima 1 285 640 sq. km (495 871 sq. miles) 29 549 517 51
Philippines Republic of the Philippines, Republika ñg Pilipinas Pilipinas Manila 299 679 sq. km (115 676 sq. miles) 103 775 002 63
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands Pitcairn Islands Adamstown 27 sq. km (10 sq. miles) 48 870
Poland Republic of Poland, Polska Rzeczpospolita Polska Warszawa (Warsaw) 312 685 sq. km (120 464 sq. miles) 38 415 284 48
Portugal Republic of Portugal, República Portuguesa Portugal Lisboa (Lisbon) 92 389 sq. km (35 672 sq. miles) 10 781 459 351
Puerto Rico The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico San Juan 8 897 sq. km (3 434 sq. miles) 3 690 923 1
Qatar State of Qatar, Dawlat al-Qatar قطر Ad Dawhah (Doha) 11 437 sq. km (4 415 sq. miles) 1 951 591 974
Reunion Department of Réunion, Département de Réunion Reúnion St-Denis 2 512 sq. km (970 sq. miles) 787 584 262
Romania Republic of Romania, Republica Romănia Romănia Bucureşti (Bucharest) 237 500 sq. km (91 699 sq. miles) 21 848 504 40
Russia Russian Federation, Rossiyskaya Federatsiya Rossiyskaya Moskva (Moscow) 17 075 400 sq. km (6 591 100 sq. miles) 142 517 670 7
Rwanda Republic of Rwanda, Republika y’u Rwanda Rwanda Kigali 26 338 sq. km (10 166 sq. miles) 11 689 696 250
Saba Saba Saba The Bottom 13 sq. km (5 sq. miles) 1 424 599
Saint Helena St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena Jamestown 122 sq. km (47 sq. miles) 7 728 290, Ascension Island: 247
Saint Kitts and Nevis Federation of St Christopher and Nevis
Federation of St Kitts and Nevis
Saint Christopher and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Basseterre 269 sq. km (104 sq. miles) 50 726 1
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Castries 616 sq. km (238 sq. miles) 162 178 1
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Collectivité Territoriale de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon St-Pierre 240 sq. km (93 sq. miles) 5 831 508
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 390 sq. km (150 sq. miles) 103 537 1
Saint-Barthélemy Territorial collectivity of Saint Barthélemy, Collectivité Territoriale de Saint-Barthélemy Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia 21 sq. km (8 sq. miles) 7 332 590
Saint-Martin Territorial collectivity of Saint Martin, Collectivité Territoriale de Saint-Martin Saint-Martin Marigot 52 sq. km (20 sq. miles) 30 959 1
Samoa Independent State of Samoa, Malotuto’atasi o Samoa. Samoa Apia 2 842 sq. km (1 097 sq. miles) 194 320 685
San Marino Most Serene Republic of San Marino, Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino San Marino San Marino 60.5 sq. km (23.4 sq. miles) 32 140 378
Sao Tome and Principe Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé 1 001 sq. km (387 sq. miles) 183 176 239
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, al-Mamlaka-al ’Arabīyah as-Sa'ūdīyah Al-’Arabīyah as-Sa’ūdīyah(Arabic), العربية السعودية Ar-Riyād (Riyadh) 2 331 000 sq. km (899 766 sq. miles) 26 534 504 966
Senegal Republic of Senegal, République du Sénégal Sénégal (French) Dakar 196 790 sq. km (75 729 sq. miles) 12 969 606 221
Serbia Republic of Serbia, Republika Srbija Srbija, Србија Beograd (Belgrade) 77 525 sq. km. (29 933 sq. miles) 7 3276 604 381
Seychelles Republic of Seychelles Seychelles Victoria 453 sq. km (175 sq. miles) 90 024 248
Sierra Leone Republic of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Freetown 71 740 sq. km (27 692 sq. miles) 5 485 998 232
Singapore Republic of Singapore Singapore, 新加坡 (Chinese), சிங்கப்பூர (Tamil) Singapore 618 sq. km (238 sq. miles) 5 353 494 65
Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius Oranjestad 21 sq. km (8.1 sq. miles) 3 100 599
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Philipsburg 21.07 sq. km (13.1 sq. miles) 39 088 1
Slovakia Republic of Slovakia, Slovenská Republika Slovensko Bratislava 48 845 sq. km (18 859 sq. miles) 5 483 088 421
Slovenia Republic of Slovenia, Republika Slovenija Slovenija Ljubljana 20 251 sq. km (7 817 sq. miles) 1 996 617 386
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Honiara 27 556 sq. km (10 637 sq. miles) 584 578 677
Somalia The Federal Republic of Somalia Somaliya Mogadishu 637 357 sq. km (246 201 sq. miles) 10 085 638 252
South Africa Republic of South Africa, Republiek van Suid-Afrika (Afrikaans) Suid-Afrika (Afrikaans); Mzantsi Afrika (Xhosa); Ningizimu Afrika (Zulu) Tshwane (Pretoria) 1 233 404 sq. km (476 094 sq. miles) 48 810 427 27
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Grytviken 4 470 sq. km (1900 sq. miles) no indigenous not available
South Korea Republic of Korea, Taehan Min’guk Taehan Min’guk, 대한 Seoul, Sejong has been the administrative capital since 1st July 2012 98 913 sq. km (38 180 sq. miles) 48 860 500 82
South Sudan Republic of South Sudan جنوب السودان‎, Janūb as-Sūdān Juba. There are plans to move the capital to Ramciel (also spelled Ramchiel or Ramschiel) 619 745 sq. km (239 285 sq. miles) 10 625 176 211
Spain Kingdom of Spain, Reino de España España (Spanish), Espainia (Basque), Espanya (Catalan), España (Galician) Madrid 504 782 sq. km (194 897 sq. miles) 47 042 984 34
Sri Lanka Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya இலங்கை (Tamil) Colombo 65 610 sq. km (25 325 sq. miles) 21 5481 334 94
Sudan Republic of the Sudan, Jamhuryat as-Sūdān As-Sūdān (Arabic), السودان Khartoum 2 505 870 sq. km (967 243 sq. miles) 34 206 710 249
Suriname Republic of Suriname, Republiek van Suriname Suriname Paramaribo 163 265 sq. km (63 020 sq. miles) 560 157 597
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Svalbard og Jan Mayen Svalbard og Jan Mayen Longyearbyen (Svalbard) 62 049 sq. km (Svalbard and Bjornoya (Bear Island)); 373 sq. km (Jan Mayen) 1 970 (Svalbard). Jan Mayen has no indigenous population 47
Swaziland Kingdom of Swaziland; Kingdom of eSwatini Swaziland; eSwatini Mbabane 17 363 sq. km (6 702 sq. miles) 1 386 914 268
Sweden Kingdom of Sweden, Konungariket Sverige Sverige Stockholm 440 945 sq. km (170 250 sq. miles) 9 103 788 46
Switzerland Swiss Confederation, Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft, Confédération Suisse, Confederazione Svizzera, Confederaziun Svizra Schweiz/La Suisse/Svizzera/Svizra Bern/Berne/Berna 41 293 sq. km (15 953 sq. miles) 7 925 517 41
Syria Syrian Arab Republic, al-jamhouriya al Arabia as-Sūrīyah As-Sūrīyah(Arabic),سورية Dimashq (Damascus) 185 180 sq. km (71 479 sq. miles) 22 530 746 963
Taiwan T’ai-wan, Republic of China T’ai-wan, 台湾 Tai-pei 36 000 sq. km (13 896 sq. miles) 23 234 936 886
Tajikistan Republic of Tajikistan, Respublika i Tojikiston Tojikiston Dushanbé 143 100 sq. km (55 200 sq. miles) 7 768 385 992
Tanzania United Republic of Tanzania, Jamhuri ya Mwungano wa Tanzania Tanzania Dodoma 945 087 sq. km (364 900 sq. miles) 46 912 768 255
Thailand Kingdom of Thailand, Muang Thai Muang Thai, ราชอาณาจักรไทย Krung Thep (Bangkok) 513 115 sq. km (198 062 sq. miles) 67 091 089 66
Togo Republic of Togo, République Togolaise Togo Lomé 56 790 sq. km (21 941 sq. miles) 6 961 049 228
Tokelau Tokelau Tokelau Nukunonu 10 sq. km (4 sq. miles) 1 368 690
Tonga Kingdom of Tonga, Pule'anga Tonga Tonga Nuku’alofa 646 sq. km (249 sq. miles) 106 145 676
Trinidad and Tobago Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 5 128 sq. km (1 979 sq. miles) 1 226 383 1
Tunisia Republic of Tunisia, al Jumhuriyah at-Tunisiyah Tunisiyah, تونس Tunis 164 150 sq. km (63 362 sq. miles) 10 732 900 216
Turkey Republic of Turkey, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ankara 779 452 sq. km (300 868 sq. miles) 79 749 461 90
Turkmenistan Republic of Turkmenistan, Türkmenostan Türkmenostan Ashkhabad (Ashgabad) 488 100 sq. km (188 400 sq. miles) 5 054 828 993
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town 500 sq. km (200 sq. miles) 46 335 1
Tuvalu The Tuvalu Islands Tuvalu Funafuti (Fongafale) 26 sq. km (10 sq. miles) 10 619 688
Uganda Republic of Uganda Uganda Kampala 241 038 sq. km (150 645 sq. miles) 33 640 833 256
Ukraine Republic of Ukraine, Ukraïna Ukraïna, Україна Kiyev (Kiev) 603 700 sq. km (233 028 sq. miles) 44 854 065 380
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates, Ittihād al-Imārat al’Arabīyah Ittihād al-Imārat al’Arabīyah, الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة Abū Zaby (Abu Dhabi) 83 600 sq. km (32 300 sq. miles) 5 314 317 971
United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Kingdom London 256 668 sq. km. (94 475 sq. miles) 63 047 162 44
United States Minor Outlying Islands United States Minor Outlying Islands, United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges United States Minor Outlying Islands none not available no indigenous not available
United States of America United States of America United States of America Washington 9 160 454 sq. km (3 535 935 sq. miles) 313 847 465 1
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie 342 sq. km (132 sq. miles) 105 275 1
Uruguay Oriental Republic of Uruguay, República Oriental del Uruguay Uruguay Montevideo 176 215 sq. km (68 018 sq. miles) 3 316 328 598
Uzbekistan Republic of Uzbekistan, Ozbekiston Republikasy/O'zbekistan Republikasi Ozbekiston Republikasy Toškent/Taškent (Tashkent) 447 400 sq. km (172 696 sq. miles) 28 394 180 998
Vanuatu Republic of Vanuatu, Ripablik Blong Vanuatu Vanuatu Port-Vila 14 763 sq. km (5 698 sq. miles) 256 155 678
Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, República Bolivariana de Venezuela Venezuela Caracas 912 050 sq. km (352 051 sq. miles) 28 047 938 58
Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Công Hòa Xã Hôi Chu Nghĩa Viêt Nam Công Hòa Xã Hôi Chu Nghĩa Viêt Nam Hanoi 329 566 sq. km (127 212 sq. miles) 91 519 289 84
Wallis and Futuna Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands, Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna Wallis et Futuna Matu-Utu 274 sq. km (106 sq. miles) 15 543 681
Western Sahara Western Sahara, الصحراء الغربية,‎ Aṣ-Ṣaḥrā’ al-Gharbīyah, Taneẓroft Tutrimt or Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية‎, Al-Jumhūrīyyah Al-`Arabīy Western Sahara Ad Dakhla 252 126 sq. km (97 321 sq. miles) 522 928 212
Yemen Republic of Yemen, al-Jumhurïyah al-Yamaniyah Al-Yaman, اليمن Şan’ā’ (Sana) 531 570 sq. km (205 186 sq. miles) 24 771 809 967
Zambia Republic of Zambia Zambia Lusaka 752 613 sq. km (290 586 sq. miles) 13 817 479 260
Zimbabwe Republic of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Harare 390 759 sq. km (150 873 sq. miles) 12 619 600 263


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.