Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Turkey

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

TURKEY
TURKEY

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Turkey - Country information

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Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

90

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

TR

Internet country code

TR

GRC Country Code

TUR

Turkey - Number format

   1.234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and . the thousands separator)

Turkey - Date and time formats

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   dd/mm/yyyy

The 24-hour clock notation is usually used.

Turkey - Languages

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The official language is Turkish External, spoken by some 90% of the population. 35 other languages are spoken. The most widespread of these are: North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic External (400 000 speakers); South Azerbaijani External (530 000 speakers in Kars Province) and Kurmanji External (Kurdish, 3 950 000 speakers).

There is heavy prejudice against the use of Kurdish and it will therefore rarely be found in addresses. A recent (2002) change in the law allows broadcasting and private education in Kurdish.

Turkey - Personal names

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Personal names may be written either given name and then surname, or vice versa. Women usually take their husband’s surname, but since 1st January 2002 they are allowed to retain their maiden surnames, hyphenated to their husband’s surname.

-oğlu means "son of" in a surname.

Many Turkish given names are based on places or natural phenomenon such as “sun”, “sea”, “dawn” and so on. As such, given names may often coincide with parts of company names or place names, and care needs to be taken when identifying and parsing Turkish names from other parts of Turkish addresses.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Turkey - For the attention of

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This is written Dikkatinize. It is written after the name. Thus:

   For the attention of Mr Smith
   Bay Smith’in Dikkatine
   For the attention of Mrs Smith
   Bayan Smith’in Dikkatine

Turkey - Company legal forms

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These company types are commonly found in Turkish address databases:

    (Anonim Şirketi – limited liability company)
   ALŞ (Anonim Limited Şirketi)
   Kol. SrK (Kollektiv Şirketi – unlimited liability partnership)
   Kom. SrK (Komandit Şirketi –limited liability partnership)
   Ltd Şti. (Limitet şirket)
   TLŞ (Türk Limited Şirketi – private limited liability company)

Kurum means "company".

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Turkey - Address format

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Addresses are written in the following format:

   Name
   Thoroughfare[ no. ]number
   {more address information such as apartment or suburb/area}
   postal code[ ]SETTLEMENT

For example:

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A şehir (city, with over 20000 households) may be composed of belde (or kasaba) which contain between 2000 and 20000 households. Smaller settlements are köy (villages). The names of these settlements may appear in the address.

An address may contain more than one thoroughfare name: the thoroughfare upon which the delivery point is situated, and the nearest main thoroughfare.

Where there is more than one number in a street address line, the number found in front of the street name is part of the street name, the number found last in the string is always the house number, and a number before that is the apartment number. Thus in the following example:

   20 Sokak 17/3

20 is part of the street name, 17 is the apartment number and 3 is the house number. The word Blok is used before a number to indicate a block number. The house number is usually preceded by the string no. An “apartment” number may apply to a whole building instead of just part of one. Buildings often have a name as well as a number.

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Thoroughfare types

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The following list gives Turkish thoroughfares:

   Bulvar (Boulevard)
   Bulvarı(Boulevard)
   Cadde (Avenue, lane)
   Caddesi (Cad.) (Avenue, lane)
   Mahalle (Neighbourhood, quarter)
   Mahallesi (Mah.) (Neighbourhood, quarter)
   Sokağı
   Sokak (Street)

Thoroughfare types are written with the first letter as a capital. The word Sitesi indicates a housing block.

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Other elements commonly found in address databases

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biris an article in Turkish. İl means "city"; İlçe means "county".

Turkey - Post office box

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This is written Posta Kutusu in Turkish.

Turkey - Postal codes

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Postal codes (Posta Kodu) consist of a block of 5 digits.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Turkey - Postal code format graphic

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Turkey - Postal code format

Turkey - Postal code specifics

n/a.

Turkey - Postal code regular expression

\A\d{5,5}\Z

Turkey - Postal code level of coverage

2

Turkey - Postal code map

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Place names in Turkey

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Refer to Exonyms in Turkey for full lists of place names in Turkey in other languages.

The use in Turkish of a dotted and a dotless ‘i’ often causes confusion for non Turkish-speakers, and usually all dotless ‘i’s are written as a dotted ‘i’ in databases outside Turkey. However, they are distinct letters with distinct pronunciations and should be written correctly. Here is a list of some Turkish settlement names containing dotless lower-case ‘i’s and dotted upper-case ‘i’s written using the correct letters:

   Adapazarı
   Adıyaman
   Ağrı
   Akyazı
   Aydın
   Ayrancı
   Bandırma
   Beypazarı
   Boğazlıyan
   Bozkır
   Bulanık
   Çankırı
   Diyarbakır
   Elmalı
   Gümüşhacıköy
   Hacıbektaş
   Hacılar
   Hadım
   Hekımhan
   Hınıs
   Iğdır
   İliç
   İmamğolu
   İmranlı
   İncirliova
   İnebolu
   İnegöl
   İskenderun
   İskilip
   İspir
   İśâhiye
   İsparta
   İstanbul
   İzmir
   İzmit
   Kağızman
   Kandıra
   Karaisalı
   Karapınar
   Kargı
   Kırıkhan
   Kırıkkale
   Kırka
   Kızılcahamam
   Kızılhisar
   Kızıltepe
   Kodınhanı
   Kuşadası
   Mersın
   Mihalıççık
   Nallıhan
   Osmancık
   Pazarcık
   Polatlı
   Sandıklı
   Sarıkamiş
   Sarıkaya
   Şarkışla
   Yahyalı
   Yesilırmak
   Yıldızeli
   Yumurtalık

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Turkey - Administrative districts

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Administrative districts graphic

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Turkey has 81 provinces (iller, singular - il (İl). They are not used in addresses, and are usually named after their administrative capital. They are:

Province Postal code area
Adana 01
Adıyaman 02
Afyonkarihisar 03
Ağrı 04
Aksaray 68
Amasya 05
Ankara 06
Antalya 07
Ardahan 75
Artvin 08
Aydın 09
Balıkesir 10
Bartin 74
Batman 72
Bayburt 69
Bilecik 11
Bingöl 12
Bitlis 13
Bolu 14
Burdur 15
Bursa 16
Çanakkale 17
Çankırı 18
Çorum 19
Denizli 20
Diyarbakır 21
Düzce 81
Edirne 22
Elaziğ 23
Erzincan 24
Erzurum 25
Eskişehir 26
Gaziantep 27
Giresun 28
Gümüşhane 29
Hakkâri 30
Hatay 31
Iğdır 76
Isparta 32
İstanbul 34
İzmir 35
Kahramanmaraş 46
Karabuk 78
Karaman 70
Kars 36
Kastamonu 37
Kayseri 38
Kilis 79
Kırıkkale 71
Kırklareli 39
Kırşehir 40
Kocaeli 41
Konya 42
Kütahya 43
Malatya 44
Manisa 45
Mardin 47
Mersin 33
Muğla 48
Muş 49
Nevşehir 50
Niğde 51
Ordu 52
Osmaniye 80
Rize 53
Sakarya 54
Samsun 55
Şanlıurfa 63
Siirt 56
Sinop 57
Şırnak 73
Sivas 58
Tekirdağ 59
Tokat 60
Trabzon 61
Tunceli 62
Uşak 64
Van 65
Yalova 77
Yozgat 66
Zonguldak 67

This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Telephone numbers in Turkey

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All area codes (from abroad) have a length of 3 digits. Subscriber numbers have 7 digits. Mobile numbers have area codes commencing 501, 53, 54 or 55.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.