*Choose Index below for a list of all words and phrases defined in this glossary.*

**topology** - Properties of geometric forms that remain invariant when the forms are deformed or transformed by bending, stretching, and shrinking. Among the topological properties of concern in GIS are connectivity, order, and neighborhood. One productive use of topology is to accelerate computational geometry. Geometric calculations such as containment (point-in-polygon), adjacency, boundary, and network tracking are computationally intensive. For this reason, combinatorial structures known as topological complexes are constructed to convert computational geometry algorithms into combinatorial algorithms. Another purpose is, within the geographic information domain, to relate feature instances independently of their geometry.

[Category=Geospatial ]

*Source: Open Geospatial Consortium, 09 July 2011 13:39:41, http://www.opengeospatial.org/ogc/glossary *

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**topology **- [Euclidean geometry] The branch of geometry that deals with the properties of a figure that remain unchanged even when the figure is bent, stretched, or otherwise distorted.

[Category=Geospatial ]

*Source: esri, 15 September 2012 10:18:37, http://support.esri.com/en/knowledgebase/GISDictionary/term/abbreviation *

Data Quality Glossary. A free resource from GRC Data Intelligence. For comments, questions or feedback: dqglossary@grcdi.nl