Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Afghanistan - Country information


Local short name form

Official name





International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Languages of Afghanistan


The official languages are Dari (Farsi) External, with some 5.6 million speakers; and Northern External and Southern Pashto External with some 8 million speakers. Dari is used for business and government transactions. Both use Arabic script. 47 other languages are spoken External, the main ones being Hazaragi External (1.4 millions speakers); Turkmen External (0.5 million speakers) and Southern Uzbek External (1.4 million speakers).

Afghan Personal names


Afghans traditionally have no family names. If they do, they are written after the given name, and women traditionally take their husband's upon marriage.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Example address formats for Afghanistan


BBC news story (29th September 2011) about the difficulties of delivering post in Kabul, where fews streets have names or buildings numbers. External

Where there's a will, there's a delivery - delivery post in Kabul where most streets are unnamed and most buildings unnumbered. Gulf Times, 25th February 2015 External

Many areas, particularly outside cities, have no street names or numbered buildings.




A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Afghanistan - Postal codes


Afghanistan has no postal code system.

A 4-digit postal code is in the planning stages. The current plan is that the first two digits (between 10 and 43) would be assigned by province. The final two numbers between 01 and 50 indicates delivery to a city and delivery zone, and those ending between 51 and 99 are for delivery to districts and delivery zones outside the urban areas.

The code would be written on its own on the last line of the address block.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Afghanistan - Postal code format


Afghanistan - Postal code specifics


Afghanistan - Postal code regular expression


Afghanistan - Postal code level of coverage


Afghanistan Place names


Refer to Exonyms in Afghanistan for full lists of place names in Afghanistan in other languages.

Afghanistan Administrative districts


Administrative districts graphic


Afghanistan is divided into 34 provinces (velayat External). Below is a list the provinces and their capital cities.

Province Capital city
Badakhshan External Feyzabad
Badghis External Qaleh-ye Now
Baghlan External Pol-e Khomri
Balkh External Mazar-e-Shariff
Bamian External Bamian
Daykondi External Nili
Farah External Farah
Faryab External Meymaneh
Ghazni External Ghazni
Ghowr External Chaghcharan
Helmand External Lashkar Gah
Herat External Herat
Jowzjan External Sheberghan
Kabul External Kabul
Kandahar External Kandahar
Kapisa External Mahmud-e-Raqi
Khowst External Khowst
Konar External Asadabad
Kunduz External Qonduz
Laghman External Mehtar Lam
Lowgar External Pol-e 'Alam
Nangarhar External Jalalabad
Nimruz External Zaranj
Nuristan External Parun
Oruzgan External Tarin Kowt
Paktia External Gardez
Paktika External Zareh Sharan
Panjshir External Bazarak
Parvan External Charikar
Samangan External Aybak
Sar-i Pol External Sar-i Pol
Takhar External Taloqan
Vardak External Maidan Shar
Zabol External Qalat

Afghanistan Telephone numbers


Afghan area codes have 2 digits when called from abroad, and subscriber numbers have 7 digits.

Mobile numbers have the area codes 70-79.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see External

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2019. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.