Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Number formats

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

Tips for practical management of number data External

Table of Contents

Separators

The format in which numbers may be written differs by culture/country. Differences are mainly in the separators used to indication thousands and decimals. Some formats used include:

Number format
Albania 1.234,45
Algeria 1,234.45
Argentina 1.234,45
Armenia 1,234.45
Australia 1,234.45
Austria 1.234,45
Azerbaijan 1 234,45
Belarus 1 234,45
Belgium 1.234,45
Belize 1,234.45
Bolivia 1.234,45
Brazil 1.234,45
Bulgaria 1 234,45
Canada 1 234,45
1,234.45
Chile 1.234,45
China 1,234.45
Colombia 1.234,45
Costa Rica 1.234,45
Croatia 1.234,45
Czechia / Czech Republic 1 234,45
Denmark 1.234,45
Dominican Republic 1,234.45
Ecuador 1.234,45
El Salvador 1,234.45
Estonia 1 234.45
Finland 1 234,45
France 1 234,45
Georgia 1 234,45
Germany 1.234,45
Greece 1.234,45
Hong Kong 1,234.45
Hungary 1 234,45
Iceland 1.234,45
India 1,234.45
Indonesia 1.234,45
Iran 1,234/45
Iraq 1,234.45
Ireland 1,234.45
Israel 1,234.45
Italy 1.234,45
Jamaica 1,234.45
Japan 1,234.45
Kazakhstan 1 234-45
Kenya 1,234.45
Kyrgyzstan 1 234-45
Latvia 1 234,45
Lebanon 1,234.45
Liechtenstein 1'234.45
Lithuania 1.234,45
Macao 1,234.45
Malaysia 1.234,45
Malta 1,234.45
Mexico 1,234.45
Monaco 1 234,45
Mongolia 1 234,45
Netherlands 1.234,45
New Zealand 1,234.45
Nicaragua 1,234.45
North Korea 1,234.45
North Macedonia 1.234,45
Norway 1 234,45
Pakistan 1,234.45
Paraguay 1.234,45
Peru 1,234.45
Philippines 1,234.45
Poland 1 234,45
Portugal 1.234,45
Puerto Rico 1,234.45
Romania 1.234,45
Russia 1 234,45
Saudi Arabia 1,234.45
Serbia 1.234,45
Slovakia 1 234,45
Slovenia 1.234,45
South Africa 1,234.45
South Korea 1,234.45
Spain 1.234,45
Sweden 1.234,45
Switzerland 1'234.45
Syria 1,234.45
Taiwan 1,234.45
Thailand 1,234.45
Trinidad and Tobago 1,234.45
Turkey 1.234,45
Ukraine 1 234,45
United Kingdom 1,234.45
United States of America 1,234.45
Uruguay 1.234,45
Uzbekistan 1 234,45
Venezuela 1.234,45
Vietnam 1.234,45

Negative Numbers

Negative numbers can be displayed in several ways: using the negative sign (before or after the number), using brackets/parentheses or printing them in red, often depending on context. We do not have information about how these differ on a country-by-country basis. For example:

   -123
   123-
   (123)
   [123]
   123

Numbers in different scripts

Numbers are written differently in different scripts. For example:

Script Example numbers
Latin 0123456789
Arabic ٠‎ ١‎ ٢‎ ٣‎ ٤‎ ٥‎ ٦‎ ٧‎ ٨‎ ٩
Bengla ০ ১ ২ ৩ ৪ ৫ ৬ ৭ ৮ ৯
Chinese and Japanese 〇 一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十
Devanagari ० १ २ ३ ४ ५ ६ ७ ८ ९
Gujarati ୦ ୧ ୨ ୩ ୪ ୫ ୬ ୭ ୮ ୯
Gurkukhi ੦ ੧ ੨ ੩ ੪ ੫ ੬ ੭ ੮ ੯
Hebrew א ,ב ,ג, ד, ה, ו, ז, ח ,ט
Kannada ೦ ೧ ೨ ೩ ೪ ೫ ೬ ೭ ೮ ೯
Korean 일 이 삼 사 오 육 칠 팔 구 or 하나 둘 셋 넷 다섯 여섯 일곱 여덟 아홉
Malayalam ൦ ൧ ൨ ൩ ൪ ൫ ൬ ൭ ൮ ൯
Odia ୦ ୧ ୨ ୩ ୪ ୫ ୬ ୭ ୮ ୯
Tami ௦ ௧ ௨ ௩ ௪ ௫ ௬ ௭ ௮ ௯
Telugu ౦ ౧ ౨ ౩ ౪ ౫ ౬ ౭ ౮ ౯
Thai ๐ ๑ ๒ ๓ ๔ ๕ ๖ ๗ ๘ ๙
Tibetan ༠ ༡ ༢ ༣ ༤ ༥ ༦ ༧ ༨ ༩

They might contain different number sets - some scripts, for example, have a separate glyph to indicate the number 10.

Digit grouping

Note that not all cultures group digits in groups of three, for example:

   1,203,254.25

Hindi, for example, groups digits in twos except for a three-digit grouping to denote hundreds:

   12,03,254.25

For more information see docs.microsoft.com/en-us/globalization/locale/number-formatting External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2020. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.