_____ _____ Azerbaijan

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



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After military action in September 2023, Azerbaijan retook control of the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, previously held by Armenian separatists. Almost the whole of the population of that territory has fled to Armenia, and the separatist government has declared the territory dissolved as of 1st January 2024.

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Azerbaijan - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



9 593 000 (2015 estimate) [1]



International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Azerbaijan - Number format

   1 234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Azerbaijan - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 13th October 2023

Azerbaijan - Languages


The official language, North Azerbaijani External, is spoken by some 6 069 453 people. Though this has been written officially in the Latin script since the breakup of the Soviet Union, many people still use Cyrillic script. Cyrillic was officially disgarded as an Azeri script on 1st August 2001. Armenian External is spoken in and around the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. There are 44 000 Avar External-speakers; 2 000 Budukh External-speakers (no written form); 24 000 Judeo-Tat External-speakers; 1 500 Khinalugh External-speakers; 6 000 Kryts External-speakers (no written form); 20 000 Kurmanji External-speakers (Kurdish); 171 400 Lezgi External-speakers; 130 000 Talysh External-speakers (speakers are bilingual in Azerbaijani); 22 000 Muslim-Tat External-speakers (no written form); 13 000 Tsakhur External-speakers and 4 200 Udi External-speakers (no written form).

Azerbaijan - Personal names and forms of address


   Note: This section last updated 3rd January 2016

Personal names may be formed using the Russian system or a Turkic system. In either case, the name is built using the patronymic system, showing filiality to the father.

In the Russian system, the given name is followed by the patronymic and then by the family name is this way:

   Ismail Araz ogly Mamedov
   Fatimah Araz gyzy Mamedova

Ogly means “son of” and gyzy (or kizy) means “daughter of”, both being Azeri words. Note that the family name is feminized for women. The family name is used in correspondence rather than the full name or the patronymic name.

The Turkic version would have the same format except that the family name endings are changed in this way:

   Ismail Araz ogly Mamedli
   Fatimah Araz gyzy Mamedly

The Turkic system is becoming increasingly popular, but both are used. Some family names are gender neutral and do not change for males and females, such as those ending in –li (“belonging to”) and those ending in –zade.

Given names are regulated on a traffic light principle. Names considered acceptable get a green light, those not recommended have a red light. Foreigners’ names get an amber light. Authorities can, and do, refuse to allow some names to be given.

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Azerbaijan - Company legal forms


Azerbaijani company types include:

   General Partnership
   Limited Partnership
   Limited Liability Company
   Additional Liability Company 
   Joint Stock Company
   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Azerbaijan - Address format


   Note: This section last updated 7th May 2020

Azerbaijani addresses are written in the format:

   number[ ]Thoroughfare name{[, ]Apartment or floor number
   postal code[ ]Settlement{[-]sorting code}

For example:


When written in Azeri, house numbers are often written following the thoroughfare name:

   İsmayıl Qutqaşınlı 30
   AZ1100 Baku
   Ələsgər Ələkbərov küçəsi, 22
   AZ1100 Baku 

Building information may include block, house and floor information in this way:

   523-cu məhəllə 9 M, Mətbuat Evi, 10-ci mərtəbə 


   523 block 9 M, Press House, 10th floor 

Addresses are also often found without a postal code or with the postal code following the settlement name.


   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Azerbaijan - Postal codes


   Note: This section last updated 7th May 2020

These are called Poçt İndeksi in Azerbaijani. On 1st April 2003, Azerbaijan changed their postal code system from the block of 6 digits inherited from the Soviet Union, into codes in this format:

   [AZ ]9999



Codes may also be found with a hyphen between the AZ and the numbers.

The digits can begin with any number between 01 and 74 or 80.

Though all areas of Nagorno-Karabakh have Azeri postal codes assigned to them, many businesses there still use the 6-digit postal code from Soviet times, commencing 375.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Azerbaijan - Postal code format graphic



Azerbaijan - Postal code format

Azerbaijan - Postal code specifics

Azerbaijan - Postal code regular expression

\A((AZ )[0-6][0-9][0-9][0-9]|(AZ )[7][0-4][0-9][0-9]|(AZ )[80][0-9][0-9]|(AZ)[0-6][0-9][0-9][0-9]|(AZ)[7][0-4][0-9][0-9]|(AZ)[80][0-9][0-9])\Z

Azerbaijan - Postal code level of coverage


Azerbaijan - Postal code map


Click on the map for a larger image

The coloured areas show Nagorno-Karabakh and areas previously controlled by Armenian separatists.

Place names in Azerbaijan


   Note: This section last updated 27th March 2014

Many settlements previously known by their Russian names have Azeri equivalents which should be used.

The city of Khanlar/Xanlar is now known as Goygol/Göygöl/Goygöl. Ali Bayramil is now known as Shirvan.

Refer to Exonyms in Azerbaijan for full lists of place names in Azerbaijan in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http:www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Azerbaijan - Administrative districts


   Note: This section last updated 13th October 2023

Azerbaijan has 66 rayons External (rayonlar, singular -rayon), 12 cities (saharlar; singular - saharr, shown in the list below with an asterisk) and 1 autonomous republic (muxtar respublika, shown in the list below with a §). The rayon names are not used in addresses:

Administrative district Postal code range Status
Abşeron/Abseron/Absheron Rayonu External 01  
Ağcabədi/Agcabadi/Aghjabedi/Aghabadi Rayonu External 04  
Ağdam/Agdam/Aghdam Rayonu External 02  
Ağdaş/Agdas/Aghdash Rayonu External 03  
Ağstafa/Agstafa/Aghstafa Rayonu External 05  
Ağsu/Agsu Rayonu External 06  
Astara Rayonu External 07  
Babək/Babek/Babak Rayonu External 67  
Baki/Baku Sahari External * 10-11  
Balakən/Balakan/Belokan Rayonu External 08  
Bərdə/Barda Rayonu External 09  
Beyləqan/Beylaqan Rayonu External 12  
Biləsuvar/Bilasuvar Rayonu External 13  
Cəbrayil/Cabrayil/Jabrayil/Jebrayil Rayonu External 14  
Cəlilabad/Calilabad/Jalilabad Rayonu External 15  
Culfa/Julfa Rayonu External 72  
Daşkəsən/Daskasan/Dashkasan Rayonu External 16  
Füzuli/Fuzuli Rayonu External 19  
Gədəbəy/Gadabay Rayonu External 21  
Gəncə/Ganca/Ganja Sahari External * 20  
Goranboy Rayonu External 22  
Göyçay/Goycay Rayonu External 23  
Göygöl/Goygol Rayonu External 25  
Hacıqabul/Haciqabul/Hajigabul Rayonu External 24  
İmişli/Imisli/Imishli Rayonu External 30  
İsmalıllı/Ismayilli Rayonu External 31  
Kəlbəcər/Kalbacar/Kalbajar Rayonu External 32  
Kəngərli/Kangarli/Kengerli Rayonu External 74  
Kürtəmir/Kurdamir Rayonu External 33  
Laçın/Lacin/Lachin Rayonu External 41  
Lənkəran/Lankaran Rayonu External 42  
Lənkəran/Lankaran Sahari External * 42  
Lerik Rayonu External 43  
Masallı/Masalli/Massali/Massaly Rayonu External 44  
Mingəçevir/Mingacevir/Mingachevir Sahari External * 45  
Naftalan Sahari External * 46  
Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası/Naxcivan Muxtar Respublikasi External § 67-74  
Neftçala/Neftcala/Neftchala Rayonu External 47  
Oğuz/Oguz/Oghuz Rayonu External 48  
Ordubad/Ordoubat/Ordubat Rayonu External 69  
Qax/Qakh/Gakh Rayonu External 34  
Qazax/Gazakh/Qazakh Rayonu External 35 Its two enclaves in Armenia are under the de facto control of Armenian forces
Qəbələ/Qabala/Gabala Rayonu External 36  
Qobustan/Gobustan Rayonu External 37  
Quba/Guba/Kuba Rayonu External 40  
Qubadlı/Qubadli/Gubadly/Kubately Rayonu External 39  
Qusar/Gusar Rayonu External 38  
Saatlı/Saatli/Saatly Rayonu External 49  
Sabirabad Rayonu External 54  
Şabran/Shabran Rayonu External 17  
Şahbuz/Shahbuz/Shakhbuz Rayonu External 71  
Salyan Rayonu External 52  
Şamaxı/Samaxi/Shamakhi/Shamakhy Rayonu External 56  
Samux/Samukh Rayonu External 51  
Sədərək/Sedarak/Sadarak/Sederek Rayonu External 73 Its enclave in Armenia, Karki, is under the de facto control of Armenian forces
Şəki/Saki/Shaki Rayonu External 55  
Şəki/Saki/Shaki Sahari External * 55  
Şəmkir/Samkir/Shamkir Rayonu External 57  
Şərur/Sherur/Sharur Rayonu External 68  
Şirvan/Shirvan Sahari External * 18  
Siyəzən/Siyazan/Siazan Rayonu External 53  
Sumqayıt/Sumqayit/Sumgayit Sahari External * 50  
Şuşa/Susa/Shusha Rayonu External 58  
Şuşa/Susa/Shusha Sahari External * 58  
Tərtər/Tartar Rayonu External 59  
Tovuz Rayonu External 60  
Ucar/Ujar Rayonu External 61  
Xaçmaz/Khachmaz Rayonu External 27  
Xankəndi/Khankendy/Khankendi Sahari External * 26  
Xızı/Khyzy/Khizi External 80  
Xocalı/Khojaly/Khojali Rayonu External 29  
Xocavənd/Khojavend Rayonu External 28  
Yardımlı/Yardimli/Yardymli Rayonu External 65  
Yevlax/Yevlakh Rayonu External 66  
Yevlax/Yevlakh Sahari External * 66  
Zaqatala Rayonu External 62  
Zəngilan/Zangilan Rayonu External 64  
Zərdab/Zardab Rayonu External 63  

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Azerbaijan


   Note: This section last updated 10th March 2020

Azerbaijani telephone numbers, when called from abroad, have a total length of between 8 and 9 digits. Mobile numbers are all 9 digits in length and have the area code 10, 40, 44, 50-51, 55, 60, 70, 77 or 99.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/Azerbaijan.html External 20230113

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.