Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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The territory of Nagorno-Karabakh and the areas immediately adjacent to it in the west of the country are held by Armenian separatists.

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Azerbaijan - Country information


Local short name form

Official name





International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Azerbaijan - Number format

   1 234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Azerbaijan - Date formats


Azerbaijan - Languages


Language map External

The official language, North Azerbaijani External, is spoken by some 6 069 453 people. Though this has been written officially in the Latin script since the breakup of the Soviet Union, many people still use Cyrillic script. Cyrillic was officially disgarded as an Azeri script on 1st August 2001. Armenian External is spoken in and around the disputed territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. There are 44 000 Avar External-speakers; 2 000 Budukh External-speakers (no written form); 24 000 Judeo-Tat External-speakers; 1 500 Khinalugh External-speakers; 6 000 Kryts External-speakers (no written form); 20 000 Kurmanji External-speakers (Kurdish); 171 400 Lezgi External-speakers; 130 000 Talysh External-speakers (speakers are bilingual in Azerbaijani); 22 000 Muslim-Tat External-speakers (no written form); 13 000 Tsakhur External-speakers and 4 200 Udi External-speakers (no written form).

Azerbaijan - Personal names and forms of address


Personal names may be formed using the Russian system or a Turkic system. In either case, the name is built using the patronymic system, showing filiality to the father.

In the Russian system, the given name is followed by the patronymic and then by the family name is this way:

   Ismail Araz ogly Mamedov
   Fatimah Araz gyzy Mamedova

Ogly means “son of” and gyzy (or kizy) means “daughter of”, both being Azeri words. Note that the family name is feminized for women. The family name is used in correspondence rather than the full name or the patronymic name.

The Turkic version would have the same format except that the family name endings are changed in this way:

   Ismail Araz ogly Mamedli
   Fatimah Araz gyzy Mamedly

The Turkic system is becoming increasingly popular, but both are used. Some family names are gender neutral and do not change for males and females, such as those ending in –li (“belonging to”) and those ending in –zade.

Given names are regulated on a traffic light principle. Names considered acceptable get a green light, those not recommended have a red light. Foreigners’ names get an amber light. Authorities can, and do, refuse to allow some names to be given.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Azerbaijan - Company legal forms


Azerbaijani company types include:

   General Partnership
   Limited Partnership
   Limited Liability Company
   Additional Liability Company 
   Joint Stock Company

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see External

Azerbaijan - Address format


Azerbaijani addresses are written in the format:

   number[ ]Thoroughfare name{[, ]Apartment or floor number
   postal code[ ]Settlement{[-]sorting code}

For example:


Addresses are also often found without a postal code or with the postal code following the settlement name.


A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Azerbaijan - Postal codes


These are called Poçt İndeksi in Azerbaijani. On 1st April 2003, Azerbaijan changed their postal code system from the block of 6 digits inherited from the Soviet Union, into codes in this format:

   [AZ ]9999

The digits can begin with any number between 0 and 73.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Azerbaijan - Postal code format graphic


Azerbaijan - Postal code format

Azerbaijan - Postal code specifics

Azerbaijan - Postal code regular expression

\A((AZ )[0-6][0-9][0-9][0-9]|(AZ )[7][0-3][0-9][0-9])\Z

Azerbaijan - Postal code level of coverage


Place names in Azerbaijan


Many settlements previously known by their Russian names have Azeri equivalents which should be used.

The city of Khanlar/Xanlar is now known as Goygol/Göygöl/Goygöl. Ali Bayramil is now known as Shirvan.

Refer to Exonyms in Azerbaijan for full lists of place names in Azerbaijan in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at External

Other language place name data can be acquired at External

Azerbaijan - Administrative districts


Administrative districts graphic


Azerbaijan has 66 rayons External (rayonlar, singular -rayon), 12 cities (saharlar; singular - saharr, shown in the list below with an asterisk) and 1 autonomous republic (muxtar respublika, shown in the list below with a §). The rayon names are not used in addresses:

   Abseron Rayonu
   Agcabadi Rayonu
   Agdam Rayonu
   Agdas Rayonu
   Agstafa Rayonu
   Agsu Rayonu
   Astara Rayonu
   Babek Rayonu
   Baki Sahari *
   Balakan Rayonu
   Barda Rayonu
   Beylaqan Rayonu
   Bilasuvar Rayonu
   Cabrayil Rayonu
   Calilabad Rayonu
   Daskasan Rayonu
   Fuzuli Rayonu
   Gabala Rayonu
   Gadabay Rayonu
   Gakh Rayonu
   Ganca Sahari *
   Gazakh Rayonu
   Gobustan Rayonu
   Goranboy Rayonu
   Goycay Rayonu
   Göygöl Rayonu
   Guba Rayonu
   Gubadly Rayonu
   Gusar Rayonu
   Haciqabul Rayonu
   Imisli Rayonu
   Ismayilli Rayonu
   Julfa Rayonu
   Kalbacar Rayonu
   Kangarli Rayonu
   Khankendy Sahari *
   Khojaly Rayonu
   Khojavend Rayonu
   Kurdamir Rayonu
   Lacin Rayonu
   Lankaran Rayonu
   Lankaran Sahari *
   Lerik Rayonu
   Masalli Rayonu
   Mingacevir Sahari *
   Naftalan Sahari *
   Naxcivan Muxtar Respublikasi §
   Neftcala Rayonu
   Oguz Rayonu
   Ordubad Rayonu
   Saatli Rayonu
   Sabirabad Rayonu
   Saki Rayonu
   Saki Sahari *
   Salyan Rayonu
   Samaxi Rayonu
   Samkir Rayonu
   Samux Rayonu
   Sedarak Rayonu
   Shabran Rayonu
   Shahbuz Rayonu
   Sherur Rayonu
   Shirvan Sahari *
   Siyazan Rayonu
   Sumqayit Sahari *
   Susa Rayonu
   Susa Sahari *
   Tartar Rayonu
   Tovuz Rayonu
   Ucar Rayonu
   Yardimli Rayonu
   Yevlax Rayonu
   Yevlax Sahari *
   Zangilan Rayonu
   Zaqatala Rayonu
   Zardab Rayonu

Telephone numbers in Azerbaijan


Azerbaijani telephone numbers, when called from abroad, have a total length of between 8 and 9 digits. Mobile numbers are all 9 digits in length and have the area code 40, 50-51, 55, 60, 70 or 77.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see External

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2019. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.