_____ _____ Ethiopia

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



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For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Ethiopia - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



105 163 988 (2022 projection) [1]



International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Eritrea - Number format

   Note: This section last updated 17th April 2021

In Afar, Amharic, Oromo, Sidamo, Somali and Tigrinya:


(where . indicates the decimal separator and , the thousands separator)

In Ge'ez (a liturgical language):


(where ٬ indicates the decimal separator and ወ the thousands separator)

In Wolaytta:


(where . indicates the decimal separator and ' the thousands separator)

Ethiopia - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 17th April 2021

A system similar to the Julian calendar is still used in Ethiopia. It is based on the older Alexandrian or Coptic calendar. It adds a leap day every four years without exception, and begins the year on August 29 or August 30 in the Julian calendar.

It has twelve months of 30 days each plus five or six epagomenal days (usually called a thirteenth month). The sixth epagomenal day is added every four years without exception on August 29 in the Julian calendar, six months before the Julian leap day. Thus the first day of the Ethiopian year, 1 Mäskäräm, for years between 1901 and 2099 (inclusive), is usually September 11 (Gregorian), but falls on September 12 (Gregorian), in years before the Gregorian leap year.

Currently, the year is 8 year’s behind the Gregorian calendar - 2007 is 1999 in Ethiopia.

A 12-hour clock system in used, counting 12 hours (starting 12-1-2.... 10-11) between dawn and dusk and then 12 hours (counting in the same way) from dusk to dawn.

Ethiopia - Languages


The national languages are English External and Amharic External, with 15 000 000 speakers.

81 other languages are spoken in Ethiopia. The geographical distribution of these languages is complex. The other main languages are Aari External (109 000 speakers); Afar External (450 000 speakers); Agaw External (350 000 speakers); Awngi External (490 000 speakers); Gamo-Gofa-Dawro External (781 000 speakers); Gedeo External (500 000 speakers); Gurage (East) (493 000 speakers); Gorage (North) (104 000 speakers); Gorage (West) (890 000 speakers); Hadiyya External (1 000 000 speakers); Kaficho External (500 000 speakers); Kambaata External (1 000 000 speakers); Komso External (200 000 speakers); Libido External (100 000 speakers); Oromo Borana-Arsi-Guji External (3 809 000 speakers); Oromo, Qotu External (2 142 000 speakers); Oromo, West Central External (about 8 000 000 speakers); Sidamo External (1 500 000 speakers); Somali External (2 050 000 speakers); Tigrinyi External (4 150 000 speakers); Wolaytto External (2 000 000 speakers) and Yemsa External (500 000 speakers).

Ethiopia - Personal names and Forms of Address


Women retain their own family name upon marriage. Forms of address are usually written followed by the given name only. Some Ethiopians use their father’s or grandfather’s given name as a family name/second given name.

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Ethiopia - Company legal forms


   Note: This section last updated 1st October 2014

Ethiopian company legal forms include:

  General Partnership
  Joint Venture
  Limited Company
  Limited Partnership
  Private Limited Company (Pvt. Ltd Co.)
  Share Company (SC)
  Sole Proprietorship

Ethiopia - Example address format


   Note: This section last updated 23rd September 2014


Deliveries are mainly to post office boxes.

Though postal deliveries are mainly to mailing addresses, street addresses will be found for the use of couriers, visitors etc. As not all streets are named, these may often be descriptive and unstructured, containing directions such as “near to”, “in front of”, “in the area of” and so on. They may also contain a Kebele (neighbourhood) number like this:

   Kebele 09





   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Ethiopia - Post office box


This is usually found in English as PO Box.

Ethiopia - Postal codes


Ethiopia introduced a postal code system, with codes consisting of 4 digits, in 2007. The first digit indicates the region, the second the central delivery office and the last two the local office. It is not yet in wide use.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Ethiopia - Postal code format graphic


Ethiopia - Postal code format

Ethiopia - Postal code specifics


Ethiopia - Postal code regular expression


Ethiopia - Postal code level of coverage


Ethiopia - Postal code map


Place names in Ethiopia


   Note: This section last updated 9th April 2016

Refer to Exonyms in Ethiopia for full lists of place names in Ethiopia in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http:www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Ethiopia - Administrative districts


   Note: This section last updated 8th September 2023

Ethiopia has 13 ethnically-based states External (kililoch, singular - kilil) and 2 self-governing administrations (astedaderoch, singular – āstedader, shown in the list below with an asterisk). The state names are not used in addresses:

    Ādīs Ābeba * (Addis Ababa) External
    Āfar (Afar) External
    Āmara (Amara) External
    Bīnshangul Gumuz (Benshangul-Gumaz) External
    Central Ethiopia Regional State (created 19th August 2023) 
    Dirē Dawa * (Dire Dawa) External
    Gambēla Hizboch (Gambela Peoples) External
    Hārer ī Hizb (Harari People) External
    Oromīya (Oromia) External
    Sidama External
    South Ethiopia Regional State External (ደቡብ ኢትዮጵያ ክልላዊ መንግስት) (created 19th August 2023) 
    South West Ethiopia People's Region External
    Sumalē (Somali) External
    Tigray (Tigrai) External
    Ye Debub Bihēroch Bihēreseboch na Hizboch (Southern Nations, Nationalities, and peoples region) External

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Ethiopia


Ethiopian area codes all have a length of 2 digits when called from abroad. Subscriber numbers have 7 digits. Mobile numbers have the area code 91.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/ethiopia/admin/ External 20230103

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All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.