_____ _____ Iran

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



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Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties


For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Iran - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



84 038 000 (2020 projection) [1]



International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Iran - Number format

   Note: This section last updated 14th March 2021

(where / indicates the decimal separator and , the thousands separator)


(where ٬ indicates the decimal separator and ٫ the thousands separator)

Iran - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 1st May 2021

Iran - Languages


There are 68 languages spoken in Iran. The main ones are Mesopotamian Arabic External (1 200 000 speakers); South Azerbaijani External (13 000 000 speakers) (also called Turkic); Western Farsi External, the national language (25 300 000 speakers); Gilaki External (3 265 000 speakers); Kurdish External (3 250 000 speakers); Luri External (4 280 000 speakers); Mazanderani External (3 265 000 speakers) and Turkmen External (1 000 000 speakers).

The use of Kurdish is highly discouraged by the Iranian authorities.

Iran - Personal names


Personal names are formatted in the order

   given name+surname

Names may be preceded by professional titles (e.g. “Engineer”) or religious titles.

Women do not take their husband’s name upon marriage. Children typically take their father’s surname.

-zadeh, -pur, -poor, -pour and -i can mean "son of", and -tabar, -nezhad and -nejad mean "descendant of".

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Iran - Company legal forms


Iranian company types include:

   شرکت , کمپانی. (Sherkat) - company
   شرکت با مسئولیت محدود(Sherkat ba Masouliyat Mahdoud) - limited company
   شرکت مختلط غیر سهامی(Sherkat Mokhtalet Gheyr Sahami) - limited partnership
   شرکت مختلط سهامی(Sherkat Mokhtalet Sahami) - mixed joint-stock partnership
   شرکت نسبی(Sherkat Nesbi) - proportional liability partnership
   شرکت سهامی عام(Sherkat Sahami Am) - public limited company
   شرکت سهامی خاص(Sherkat Sahami Khas) - private limited company 
   شرکت تعاونی تولید و مصرف(Sherkat Ta’avoni Tolid va Masraf) - production and consumption cooperative
   شرکت تضامنی(Sherkat Tazamoni) - general partnership
   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Iran - Example address format


   Note: This section last updated 24th July 2020

Addresses in Iran are written in a fairly flexible format, both in terms of the placing of the postal code and the order of the address elements. Here are some examples:





   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Iran - Postal codes


   Note: This section last updated 27th October 2018

Iran has replaced its 5 digit postal code with a ten digit code, intended to give an individual code to individual buildings in the country. The first digit is a forwarding code, the second a zone, the third a district, the fourth a part of the district, the fifth a segment. There are 8565 different five-digit zones. The final four digits are an identification code. The code cannot commence with a 0 or a 2 because of the resemblance of these numbers to other numbers in Persian writing.

Postal codes of post office boxes are five digits (the last one being 5) followed by a hyphen then the number of the box. Five-digit codes ending in 1 are for the "rural zones" of cities and for small towns and villages. Other codes, for larger cities, end in a digit between 6 and 9.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Iran - Postal code format graphic


Iran - Postal code format

Iran - Postal code specifics

Iran - Postal code regular expression


Iran - Postal code level of coverage


Iran - Postal code map


Place names in Iran


   Note: This section last updated 20th November 2015

Refer to Exonyms in Iran for full lists of place names in Iran in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http:www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Iran - Administrative districts


   Note: This section last updated 19th March 2011

Iran has 31 provinces External (ostanha, singular - ostan). These are:

    Alborz External
    Ardabīl External
    Āzarbāyjān-e Gharbī External
    Āzarbāyjān-e Sharqī External
    Būshehr External
    Chahār Mahāll va Bakhtīārī External
    Eşfahān External
    Fārs External
    Gīlān External
    Golestān External
    Hamadān External
    Hormozgān External
    Īlām External
    Kermān External
    Kermānshahān External
    Khorāsān-e-Janūbī External
    Khorāsān-e-Razavī External
    Khorāsān-e-Shemālī External
    Khūzestān External
    Kohkīlūyeh va Būyer Ahmadi External
    Kordestān External
    Lorestān External
    Markazī External
    Māzandarān External
    Qazvīn External
    Qom External
    Semnān External
    Sīstān va Balūchestān External
    Tehrān External
    Yazd External
    Zanjān External

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Iran


   Note: This section last updated 25th October 2011

Iranian fixed-line area codes have 3 digits when called from abroad. Mobile numbers have area codes of 3 or 4 digits which commence with 9. Full numbers have between 5 and 10 digits.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/iran/prov/admin/ External 20230115

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All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.