_____ _____ Kazakhstan

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



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For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Kazakhstan - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



19 691 858 (2022 estimate) [1]


Astana (previously Nursultan or Nur-Sultan and before that Astana and before that Akmola and before that Almaty (Alma-Ata) )


International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Kazakhstan - Number format

   1 234-45

(where - indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Kazakhstan - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 5th May 2021

Kazakhstan - Languages


The official language, Kazakh External, is spoken by some 40% of the population. Russian External is spoken by most of the remaining inhabitants. There are also speakers of German External, Uyghur External and Romani External.

Kazakhstan - Personal names and forms of address


Some people, including the Russian minority, continue to use Russian patronymic names and also to use Russian forms of address.

Others use a localized patronymic form. The string -uly (including the hyphen) is added to a given name to indicate “son of” and -kyzy is added to indicate “daughter of”. Men who have been to Mecca on a pilgrimage have Kajy written after their given name.

In the local vernacular, “Mr” is Myrza and “Mrs” or “Miss” is Bike.

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Kazakhstan - Company legal forms


Kazakh company types include:

   АО (Aktsionernoe obschestvo/Акционерное общество) - Joint stock company
   ТОО (Tovarishchestvo s ogranichennoy otvetstvennostyu/Товарищество с ограниченной ответственностью) - limited liability partnership
   ТДО (Товарищество с дополнительной ответственностью) - Additional liability partnership
   ГП (Gosudarstvenoe predpriyatie/Государственное предприятие) - State company
   КТ (Командитное товарищество)
   ОО (Общественное объединение) - Social association
   ПТ (Полное товарищество) - Full partnership
   ПтК (Потребительский кооператив)
   ПрК (Производственный кооператив)
   РО (Религиозное объединение)
   Учр (Учреждение)
   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Kazakhstan - Address formats


   Note: This section last updated 19th August 2019

Kazakh addresses are formatted differently depending on whether the address is written in Cyrillic or Latin script. In Latin script they are formatted:

   Thoroughfare name[, ]Building information{, Sub-building information} 

The rayon and oblast names are often included in addresses in rural areas.

In Cyrillic script this is usually reversed:

   Thoroughfare name[, ]Building information{, Sub-building information} 

For example:

   Batyrov Serik Erlanovich 
   ulica Ryskulbekov, dom 16, kv 224 
   Z00Y5M7, g. NUR-SULTAN 
   Batyrov Serik Erlanovich 
   ulica Shieli, dom 15 
   L16T0H2, selo ABAY 
   Karasayskiy raion 
   Акмолинская область 
   Z10B0P5, г. Нур-Султан 
   ул. 150 лет Абая, д. 12/1 
   Акмолинская область
   Ерейментауский район
   C37D0H5, с. Ерейментау
   ул. Ш.Валиханова, д. 39
   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Kazakhstan - Postal codes


   Note: This section last updated 17th April 2020

Kazakhstan introduced a new seven-character postal code (pochtovye indeksy) system in 2016 to replace its six-digit (999999) code that had been in use since 1997. The new code has seven alpha-numeric characters (for example; D03K5Y2) and each code is intended to represent a single building. The new system is currently working in parallel with the old system, as many people continue to use the 6-digit codes.

The codes are not randomly assigned to buildings – neighbouring buildings get related codes. For example:

   A05A0Y4 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 101 
   A05A0Y5 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 101/2 
   A05A0Y6 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 101/234 
   A05A0Y7 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 101/8 
   A05A0Y8 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 101А 
   A05A0Y9 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 103 
   A05A1A0 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 105Б 
   A05A1A2 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 107 
   A05A1A3 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 107/1 
   A05A1A5 - ПРОСПЕКТ Абая, дом 107/12  

Old codes: The first two digits represent a region, the first four a rayon.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Kazakhstan - Postal code format graphic

New code

Kazakhstan postal codes format

Old code


Kazakhstan - Postal code format

New code


Old code


Kazakhstan - Postal code specifics

Kazakhstan - Postal code regular expression

New code


Old code


Kazakhstan - Postal code level of coverage

New code


Old code


Kazakhstan - Postal code map


Place names in Kazakhstan


   Note: This section last updated 22nd May 2015

The capital city, Astana, was previously known as Akmola. Aqtau was formerly known as Gur’yev, Oskemen as Ust’-Kamenogorsk and Taraz as Dzhambul.

Refer to Exonyms in Kazakhstan for full lists of place names in Kazakhstan in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Kazakhstan - Administrative districts


   Note: This section last updated 12th July 2022

Kazakhstan has 17 provinces External (oblystar, singular - oblys) and 4 cities (qalalar, singular - qala, indicated in the list below with an asterisk). The provinces are usually named after their administrative centres. Where this is not the case, the administrative centre is shown below in brackets:

    Abai External
    Almaty Qalasy External *
    Almaty Oblysy External
    Aqmola Oblysy External (Astana)
    Aqtobe Oblysy External
    Atyraū Oblysy External
    Batys Qazaqstan Oblysy External (Oral)
    Bayqongyr Qalasy External *
    Mangghystau Oblysy External (Aqtau)
    Nur-Sultan Qalasy External *
    Pavlodar Oblysy External
    Qaraghandy Oblysy External
    Qostanay Oblysy External
    Qyzylorda Oblysy External
    Shymkent/Шымкент External * 
    Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy External (Oskemen)
    Soltüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy External (Petropavl)
    Túrkistan Oblysy/Тyркістан облысы External 
    Ulytau External
    Zhambyl Oblysy External (Taraz)
    Zhetsysu External

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Kazakhstan


   Note: This section last updated 31st July 2012

Kazakhstani telephone area codes have 3 digits when called from abroad. Subscriber numbers have 7 digits. Mobile numbers have these area codes: 700-702, 705, 707, 760, 762-764, 771, 775 and 777.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/kazakhstan/admin/ External 20230115

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2023. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.