Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Latvia - Country information


Local short name form

Official name





International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Latvia - Number format

   1 234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Latvia - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 7th May 2021

The official format is:


though or

are often used.


Latvia - Languages


   Note: This section last updated 25th June 2015

The national language, Latvian External, is spoken by some 1 394 000 people, or 51.6% of the population. Some 32% (861 600) of the population have Russian as their mother language. There are also 105 000 Belorussian-speakers; 3 000 Estonian-speakers; 35 000 Lithuanian-speakers; 57 000 Polish-speakers; 8 000 Baltic Romani External-speakers; 5 000 Tatar-speakers and 78 000 Ukrainian-speakers.

Latvia - Personal names and forms of address


The forms of address used in Latvia are:

   Mr      kungs
   Mrs     kundze
   Miss    jaunkundze

Jaunkundzeis only used for female children – use kundze for all other females.

Male and female family names are written differently. Male names often end in , female in -a or -e.

The name with form of address is written in this order:

   given name[ ]family name[ ]form of address

When writing to a family (i.e., “Mr and Mrs”), use the form of address:

   family name[ ģimenei]

where ģimenei means “family”.

In a letter, “Dear “ is Ļoti cienījamais (Ļ. cien.) (“most respectable”) or augusti godātais (A. god) (“highly honoured”) for males and Ļoti cienījamaor augusti gogātā for females, in this way:

   Ļoti cienījamais Janis Smita kungs.

For informal use, the letter headings are Miļais (male) and Miļā (female).

Note that the family name is declined when used with a form of address, so that Janis Smits becomes Janis Smita kungs.

When addressing an envelope, the form of address as above is used (usually abbreviated) followed by the person’s job title and then the name and form of address in this way:

   [Ļ. cien.]job title[ ]given name[ ]family name[ ]form of address

When addressing somebody with a professional degree, the title is also included:

   Arhitekta (m) / Arkitektes (f)             Architect
   Inženiera (m) / Inženieres (f)             Engineer
   Profesora (m) / Profesores (f)             Professor

Women usually take their husband’s family name upon marriage (with a feminised ending), but may also hyphenate this to their maiden family name.

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Latvia - Company legal forms


   Note: This section last updated 10th July 2013

Latvian company types include:

Sabiedrība ar ierobežotu atbildību (SIA, Limited liability company)

   Akciju sabiedrība  (A/s, Joint stock company)  
   General partnership
   Individuālais komersants (IK, Sole Trader)
   Individualais Uznemums (IU) 
   Komandītsabiedrība  (KS, Limited partnership)  
   Pilnsabiedrība (PS, Partnership) 
   Representative office
   Sabiedrība ar ierobežotu atbildību (SIA, Limited liability company)
   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see External

Latvia - Address formats


   Note: This section last updated 24th March 2021

Latvian addresses have the format:

   Recipient information 
   Thoroughfare name[ ]thoroughfare type[ ]building number{[, ]sub-building information}{[, ]Sub-locality] 
   MUNICIPALITY{[-]sorting code}[, ]POSTAL CODE    

For example:



dz. is an abbreviation of dzīvoklis, meaning “apartment”. Latvian thoroughfare types are written with a lower-case first letter.

Building numbers often cover more than one building, indicated by the number being followed by a letter:


This may also be indicated by a number, preceded by k (korpuss, building), like this:

   62 k-1
   62 k-2

The postal code is written to the right of the city name. Addresses for a number of the larger cities may also include a sorting number indicating the post office, but this is no longer much used as it often duplicated within the postal code. The building number may sometimes be found written before the thoroughfare name, and the postal code may sometimes be found written before the municipality name.

   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Thoroughfare types


Common Latvia thoroughfare types are bulvaris, gatve, iela and prospekt.

Latvia - Postal codes


   Note: This section last updated 5th April 2020

Postal codes (Pasta Indeksa) consist of a block of 4 digits, usually preceded by LV-. The first two indicate the routing area, mostly corresponding to the pre 1st July 2009 district boundaries, the last two the post office. Postal codes cannot begin with 0, 22-29, 35, 49, 55 or 58-99.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Latvia - Postal code format graphic



Latvia - Postal code format

Latvia - Postal code specifics

Latvia - Postal code regular expression


Latvia - Postal code level of coverage


Latvia - Postal code map


Place names in Latvia


   Note: This section last updated 5th December 2016

Refer to Exonyms in Latvia for full lists of place names in Latvia in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at External

Latvia - Administrative districts


Latvia has 110 novadi External (singular novads, amalgamated municipalities) and 9 pilsēti (singular pilsēta, republican cities), shown in the list below with an asterisk:

Municipality Postal code zone(s)
Ādaži 21
Aglona 53
Aizkraukle 51
Aizpute 34
Aknīste 52
Aloja 40
Alsunga 33
Alūksne 43
Amata 41
Ape 43
Auce 37
Babīte 21
Baldone 21
Baltinava 45
Balvi 45
Bauska 39
Beverīna 42
Brocēni 38
Burtnieki 42
Carnikava 21
Cēsis 41
Cesvaine 48
Cibla 57
Dagda 56
Daugavpils * 54
Daugavpils 54
Dobele 37
Dundaga 32
Durbe 34
Engure 31
Ērgļi 48
Garkalne 10,21
Grobiņa 34
Gulbene 44
Iecava 39
Ikšķile 50
Ilūkste 54
Inčukalns 21
Jaunjelgava 51
Jaunpiebalga 41
Jaunpils 31
Jēkabpils* 52
Jēkabpils 52
Jelgava * 30
Jelgava 30
Jūrmala* 20
Kandava 31
Kārsava 57
Ķegums 50
Ķekava 10,21
Kocēni (before 2010: Valmiera) 42
Koknese 51
Krāslava 56
Krimulda 21,40
Krustpils 52
Kuldīga 33
Lielvārde 50
Liepāja* 34
Līgatne 41
Limbaži 40
Līvāni 53
Lubāna 48
Ludza 57
Madona 48
Mālpils 21
Mārupe 10,21
Mazsalaca 42
Mērsraga 32
Naukšēni 42
Nereta 51
Nīca 34
Ogre 50
Olaine 21
Ozolnieki 30
Pārgauja 41
Pāvilosta 34
Pļaviņas 51
Preiļi 53
Priekule 34
Priekuļi 41
Rauna 41
Rēzekne* 46
Rēzekne 46
Riebiņi 53
Rīga * 10
Roja 32
Ropaži 21
Rucava 34
Rugāji 45
Rūjiena 42
Rundāle 39
Sala 52
Salacgrīva 40
Salaspils 21
Saldus 38
Saulkrasti 21
Sēja 21
Sigulda 21
Skrīveri 51
Skrunda 33
Smiltene 47
Stopiņi 10,21
Strenči 47
Talsi 32
Tērvete 37
Tukums 31
Vaiņode 34
Valka 47
Valmiera * 42
Varakļāni 48
Vārkava 53
Vecpiebalga 41
Vecumnieki 39
Ventspils * 36
Ventspils 36
Viesīte 51
Viļaka 45
Viļāni 46
Zilupe 57

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Latvia


Latvian numbers have no area codes and a length of 8 digits when called from abroad. Mobile numbers commence with a 2.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see External 

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2021. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.