Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Formerly known as Burma. Small parts of Myanmar on the border with Thailand are controlled by Karen and Mon rebels.

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Myanmar - Country information


Local short name form

Official name





International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Myanmar - Languages


110 languages are spoken in Myanmar. The official language is Burmese External, with 21 553 000 first-language speakers and 3 000 000 second-language speakers. Other languages spoken include Arakanese (1 875 000 speakers); Jingpo External (625 000 speakers); Pa’o Karen External (560 000 speakers), Pwo Karen External (1 209 800 speakers), S’gaw Karen External (1 284 700 speakers); Mon External (835 100 speakers); Shan External (2 920 000 speakers); Vo (558 000 speakers) and Yangbye External (810 300 speakers).

Myanmar - Personal names and forms of address


The use of forms of address in Burmese is complex and difficult to comprehend for many outsiders. In short, the forms of address are:


   Under 30                                              Mg (Maung)
   Aged 30-45                                            Ko
   Over 45                                               U
   Military officers and people regarded as “leaders”:   Bo


   Under 35                                                       Ma
   Over 35                                                        Daw
   Women of any age with “status”, such as teachers or lawyers:   Daw

Other forms of address are Saw, Naw, Ludu U and Hanthawaddy U.

Most Westerners do not realize that these strings are forms of address and not part of the person’s name. The Burmese former United Nations Secretary General, U Thant, is a good example of this. It is, of course, always wrong to duplicate the forms of address by writing, for example, Mr U Thant.

Names are usually written with the form of address being followed by the family name (if used) and then the given name. Women do not change their name upon marriage. The eldest son may take the father’s family name whilst the eldest daughter may take the mother’s family name. The full name should always be used in all contexts. Naming in general is rather flexible in Burma, and care needs to be taken in storing and using Burmese names in databases.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Myanmar - Address format


Myanmar addresses are written in the format:

   Contact Name
   number[ ]Thoroughfare
   {Township name}
   SETTLEMENT[ ]postal code

Though Myanmar has postal codes, they are rarely used. For example:


Addresses not written in a local language will be written in English.

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Myanmar - Post office box


For addresses in English, this is written PO Box.

Myanmar - Postal codes


The postal code consists of a block of 5 digits, but is often not used.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Myanmar - Postal code format graphic


Myanmar - Postal code format

Myanmar - Postal code specifics


Myanmar - Postal code regular expression


Myanmar - Postal code level of coverage


Place names in Myanmar


Refer to Exonyms in Myanmar for full lists of place names in Myanmar in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at External

Other language place name data can be acquired at External

Myanmar - Administrative districts


Administrative districts graphic


Myanmar has 7 regions External (yin-mya, singular - yin, shown below with an asterisk) and 7 states (pyine-mya, singular - pyine):

    Chin State External
    Ayeyarwady External *
    Bago External *
    Kachin State External
    Kayah State External   
    Kayin State External
    Magway External *
    Mandalay External *
    Mon State External
    Rakhine State External
    Sagaing External *
    Shan State External
    Tanintharyi External *
    Yangon External * (Rangoon)

Telephone numbers in Myanmar


Myanmar area codes have 1 or 2 digits when called from abroad. Fixed geographic numbers have a total length of between 6 and 9 digits. Mobile numbers have the area code 9 and a length of between 7 and 10 digits

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see External

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2019. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.