Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties


For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Norway - Country information


Local short name form

Official name





International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Norway - Number format

   1 234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Norway - Date and time formats

   dd/mm yyyy                                   

In written Norwegian, the 24-hour clock notation is usually used.

Norway - Languages


Language map External

Norwegian External, the official language, has two forms: Bokmål or Riksmål and Nynorsk or Landsmål. All children in Norway learn both forms at school. The former is that spoken in Oslo and most other urban areas. The two forms together are spoken by 99% of the population. Saami External (in 5 different forms) is spoken by the 22 500 Saami living in the far north of the country. There are small numbers of Romani External-speakers.

Norway - Personal names


Women often retain their maiden names upon marriage. Others may choose to take their husband’s names and some double-barrel both names.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Norway - For the attention of


This is written ved or v/.

Norway - Company legal forms


The following company types may be found in Norwegian address databases:

   AL (Andelslag - co-operative society)
   ANS (Ansvarlig Selskap - general partnership)
   AS (Aksjeselskaper – private limited company)
   ASA (Allmennaksjeselskaper – public limited company)
   BA (Selskap med begrenset ansvar - cooperatives and companies created by legislatation)
   BL (Borettslag - housing share company)
   DA (Selskap med delt ansar – limited partnership)
   Enkeltpersonforetak - sole proprietorship
   Etat - state, county or municipal agency
   FKF (Fylkeskommunalt foretak -  county enterprise)
   HF (helseforetak - subsidiary health enterprise)
   IKS (Interkommunalt selskap - inter-municipal enterprise (owners' liability))
   KF (Kommunalt foretak - municipal enterprise (owner's liability))
   KS (Komandittselskap – limited partnership)
   NUF (Norskregistrert utenlandsk foretak - foreign enterprise registered in Norway)
   RHF (regionalt helseforetak - regional health enterprise)
   SF (Statsforetak - state enterprise)
   Stiftelse - foundation

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see External

Norway - Addresses


Addresses are written in this format:

   Recipient name
   Thoroughfare[ ]number
   postal code[ ]SETTLEMENT

For example:


Two spaces between the postal code and the settlement name are no longer required.

Post office box numbers may be followed by the post office name:


The numeric sorting code previously found after the postal town name is not longer required, but some Norwegians continue to add it to their addresses.

Some large companies and institutions have their own postal codes, and their addresses may be written without a street line in this way:


A bolignummer (residence number) may be assigned to residences within buildings where more than one residence has the same street address. The bolignummer is a letter and 4 digits. For example:

Hans Hansen
Bolignummer H0302
Storgata 15
0161 OSLO

The numbers indicate the floor and the position on that floor.

The letter is usually H but may also be L, K or U:


This number is sometimes found written after the building number in this way:

   Storgata 15 H0302

The thoroughfare type is usually suffixed to the street name without a space. There are exceptions, for example when the street is named after a person with more than one name:

   Folke Bernadottes Vei 6

As with other Scandinavian languages, the definite article does not appear as a separate word but as -en or -et at the end of a word (see language rules below). Thus ‘way’ is vei, ‘the way’ is veien.

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

(Sub)-building and Thoroughfare types


The most commonly occurring (sub-)building and thoroughfare types, with their abbreviations, are listed below:

Thoroughfare Type Abbreviation
Gård / gården  
Gata (dialect) G, Gt
Gate, Gaten G, Gt
Plassen Pl
Vegen (dialect) V.
Vei, Veinen V.

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see External

Other elements commonly found in address databases


NB: This list is for Bokmål. The ending of the adjectives changes according to the gender of the noun to which it refers and whether it is singular or plural. The plural in Norwegian is made by adding -(e)r to the end of a word, or -(e)ne when the word is preceded by the definite article.

Bokmål English
den, det, de, dei the (but only when followed by an adjective preceding a noun. Otherwise -en (gendered) or -et (neuter) is added to the end of the noun. So, for example, vei = road, den store vei = the big road, but ...veien)
en, et, e, ei, ein, eit a, an
og and
til, inntil till, until, up to
for, til for
fra of
av, fra from
til to, towards
ved, nær near, by
i in
overfor opposite
ved siden av, nærmest, nest next to
bak, bakerst behind
foran in front of
mellom, imellom between
over over
under under
med with
ny new
gammel old
kort short
lang long
stor big
liten, lita, lite, lille, små (plural) small
nord north
øst east
syd south
vest west
Industriebygget Industrial estate

(NB: When used with nouns, the words for north, south, east and west are prefixed without a space to the noun to which they refer. For example, Sydgate = South Street).

Norway - Post office box


This is written as Postboks, abbreviated to PB or POB.

Serviceboks may still be found in address databases. This was a mailing address system whereby “postboks”mail was delivered to a large company’s physical location rather than a post office box within a post office. It is no longer in use.

Norway - Postal codes


Norwegian postal codes (Postnummer) consist of a block of 4 digits, beginning with a number from 0 to 9. The postal code is placed on the last line of the address and precedes the town name.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Norway - Postal code format graphic


Norway - Postal code format

Norway - Postal code specifics


Norway - Postal code regular expression


Norway - Postal code level of coverage


Norway - Postal code map

image Norway postal code map Click on image for larger version

Place names in Norway


Refer to Exonyms in Norway for full lists of place names in Norway in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at External

Other language place name data can be acquired at External

image The village of Å (Source: Wikipedia)

Norway - Administrative districts


Administrative districts graphic


Norway has 18 counties External (Fylker, singular Fylke), which do not appear in addresses. They are listed below:

County Postal codes
Akerhus External 13-14, 20
Aust-Agder External  
Buskerud External 30-36
Finnmark External  
Hedmark External 21-25
Hordaland External  
Møre og Romsdal External  
Nordland External 8
Oppland External 26-29
Oslo External 0, 10-12
Østfold External 15-19
Rogaland External  
Sogn og Fjordane External  
Telemark External 37-39
Troms External  
Trøndelag External  
Vest-Agder External  
Vestfold External  

For the counties without postal codes above, postal codes are shared.

This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Telephone numbers in Norway


Norwegian telephone numbers have no area codes. Each subscriber’s number has 8 digits, and is normally written in the format:

   99[ ]99[ ]99[ ]99

All numbers are dialled when calling from abroad. The first digit cannot be a 0. 1 is currently not used. Numbers commencing 2-3 and 5-7 are standard landlines, those commencing 8 are special numbers (e.g. free numbers) and 4 or 9 are mobile numbers. Special service numbers or mobile numbers may also be written in the format:

   999[ ]99[ ]999

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see External

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2019. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.