Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Kazakhstan - Country information


Local short name form

Official name




Astana (previously known as Akmola) (since 10th December 1997. Before that, Almaty (Alma-Ata) )


International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Kazakhstan - Number format

   1 234-45

(where - indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Kazakhstan - Date formats


Kazakhstan - Languages


Language map External

The official language, Kazakh External, is spoken by some 40% of the population. Russian External is spoken by most of the remaining inhabitants. There are also speakers of German External, Uyghur External and Romani External.

Kazakhstan - Personal names and forms of address


Some people, including the Russian minority, continue to use Russian patronymic names and also to use Russian forms of address.

Others use a localized patronymic form. The string -uly (including the hyphen) is added to a given name to indicate “son of” and -kyzy is added to indicate “daughter of”. Men who have been to Mecca on a pilgrimage have Kajy written after their given name.

In the local vernacular, “Mr” is Myrza and “Mrs” or “Miss” is Bike.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Kazakhstan - Company legal forms


Kazakh company types include:

   АО (Aktsionernoe obschestvo/Акционерное общество) - Joint stock company
   ТОО (Tovarishchestvo s ogranichennoy otvetstvennostyu/Товарищество с ограниченной ответственностью) - limited liability partnership
   ТДО (Товарищество с дополнительной ответственностью) - Additional liability partnership
   ГП (Gosudarstvenoe predpriyatie/Государственное предприятие) - State company
   КТ (Командитное товарищество)
   ОО (Общественное объединение) - Social association
   ПТ (Полное товарищество) - Full partnership
   ПтК (Потребительский кооператив)
   ПрК (Производственный кооператив)
   РО (Религиозное объединение)
   Учр (Учреждение)

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see External

Example address format



Note that the order of address lines in Kazakhstan is the opposite to that used in Western Europe - the postal code and town comes first, then the street address, then the name of the person or company.

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Kazakhstan - Postal codes


Postal codes (Pochtovye Indeksy) consist of a block of 6 digits. Codes from the former Soviet Union have the same format but begin with 4 or 6. New codes, introduced in 1997, begin with numbers in the range 01 to 16. The first two digits represent a region, the first four a rayon.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Kazakhstan - Postal code format graphic


Kazakhstan - Postal code format

Kazakhstan - Postal code specifics

Kazakhstan - Postal code regular expression


Kazakhstan - Postal code level of coverage


Place names in Kazakhstan


The capital city, Astana, was previously known as Akmola. Aqtau was formerly known as Gur’yev, Oskemen as Ust’-Kamenogorsk and Taraz as Dzhambul.

Refer to Exonyms in Kazakhstan for full lists of place names in Kazakhstan in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at External

Other language place name data can be acquired at External

Kazakhstan - Administrative districts


Administrative districts graphic


Kazakhstan has 14 provinces External (oblystar, singular - oblys) and 3 cities (qalalar, singular - qala, indicated in the list below with an asterisk). The provinces are usually named after their administrative centres. Where this is not the case, the administrative centre is shown below in brackets:

    Almaty Qalasy External *
    Almaty Oblysy External
    Aqmola Oblysy External (Astana)
    Aqtobe Oblysy External
    Astana Qalasy External *
    Atyraū Oblysy External
    Batys Qazaqstan Oblysy External (Oral)
    Bayqongyr Qalasy External *
    Mangghystau Oblysy External (Aqtau)
    Ongtüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy External (Shymkent)
    Pavlodar Oblysy External
    Qaraghandy Oblysy External
    Qostanay Oblysy External
    Qyzylorda Oblysy External
    Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy External (Oskemen)
    Soltüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy External (Petropavl)
    Zhambyl Oblysy External (Taraz)

Telephone numbers in Kazakhstan


Kazakhstani telephone area codes have 3 digits when called from abroad. Subscriber numbers have 7 digits. Mobile numbers have these area codes: 700-702, 705, 707, 760, 762-764, 771, 775 and 777.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see External

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.