_____ _____ Estonia

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



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For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Estonia - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



1 331 824 (2021) [1]



International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Estonia - Number format

   1 234.45

(where . indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Estonia - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 17th April 2021

Estonia - Languages


The official language, Estonian External, is spoken by about 62% of the population. Russian External is spoken by 30% and Ukrainian External by 1.4%. Belorussian External, Finnish External, Latvian External, Lithuanian External, Chuvash External, Tatar External and Romani External are also spoken. Swedish External is spoken by a few hundred people on the islands of Vormsi, Osmussaar, Pakri, Naissaar and Ruhnu, and on the Noarootsi Peninsula. Võro-Seto External (in two dialects) is spoken is spoken in the south-east of the country, on the border with Russia.

Estonia - Personal names


Personal names tend to follow the pattern given name(s)[ ]family name.

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Estonia - Company legal forms


The following company types may be found in Estonian data:

   A.S. (Aktsiaselts – joint stock company)
   FIE (Füüsilisest isikust ettevõtja - Sole Proprietorship)
   MTÜ (Mittetulundusühing - non-profit organization)
    (Osaühing – private limited liability company)
   RAS (Riiklik Aktsiaselts – state-owned joint stock company)
    (Täisühing - General Partnership)
   Tulundusühistu - Commercial association
    (Usaldusühing - Limited Partnership)
   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Estonia - Address format


   Note: This section last updated 27th June 2020

Addresses are formatted as follows:

   Thoroughfare[ ]number

For example:


When an address is not in the postal town, the settlement name may be added on the line about that containing the postal code:


   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

(Sub-)building & Thoroughfare types


   Note: This section last updated 10th January 2019

Common Estonian thoroughfare types and other address strings include:

   Esplanaadi (Esplanade)
   Küla (Village)
   Maantee/Mnt (Esplanade)
   Maja (House)
   Plats (Square)
   Puiestee/Pst (Avenue)
   Tänav/Tn (Street)   
   Tee (Avenue)
   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Estonia - Postal codes


The postal code (Sihtnumber) system in Estonia changed in January 1999. Codes are now composed of a block of 5 digits, commencing with any number between 1 and 9. This replaces the system inherited from the period that Estonia was part of the Soviet Union. A code in the new system can cover a village or a street or range of houses in the larger settlements.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Estonia - Postal code format graphic


Estonia - Postal code format

Estonia - Postal code specifics

Estonia - Postal code regular expression


Estonia - Postal code level of coverage


Estonia - Postal code map

Estonia postal code map Click on image to enlarge

Place names in Estonia


   Note: This section last updated 8th April 2016

Refer to Exonyms in Estonia for full lists of place names in Estonia in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http:www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Estonia - Administrative districts


Estonia has 15 counties External (maakonnad, singular - maakond). They are not used in addresses but can be recognized if encountered as their names all end in the string -maa. They are (with their administrative capitals in brackets):

    Harjumaa (Tallinn) External
    Hiiumaa (Kardla) External
    Ida-Virumaa (Johvi) External
    Järvamaa (Paide) External
    Jõgevamaa (Jogeva) External
    Läänemaa (Haapsalu) External
    Lääne-Virumaa (Rakvere) External
    Pärnumaa (Parnu) External
    Põlvamaa (Polva) External
    Raplamaa (Rapla) External
    Saaremaa (Kuessaare) External
    Tartumaa (Tartu) External
    Valgamaa (Valga) External
    Viljandimaa (Viljandi) External
    Võrumaa (Voru) External

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Estonia


   Note: This section last updated 25th September 2018

Estonian telephone numbers have no area codes. All geographic subscriber numbers have 7 digits, mobile numbers have 8 or 12 digits. Mobile numbers start with 5, 81-86 or 875-879.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/estonia/admin/ External 20230119

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All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.