_____ _____ Georgia

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



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The province of Abkhazia to the north-west of Georgia has been administered by Abkhaz rebels since 1993. The northern area South Ossetia is under the control of warlords. After a short war between Russia and Georgia in 2008 these areas have been recognised as sovereign states by Russia and a small number of other states.

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Georgia - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



4 019 400 (includes Abkhazia: 516 600) (2020 estimate) [1]



International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Georgia - Number format

   1 234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Georgia - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 21st April 2021

Georgia - Languages


The geographical spread of Georgia’s 10 languages is very complex. Georgian External is the official language, spoken by 3 900 000 people (72%). Abkhaz External is spoken by 101 000 (2%) in Abkhazia (north-west Georgia); Mingrelian External by 500 000 (9.3%) in western Georgia; Osetin External by 160 000 (3%) in South Ossetia. Other languages include Assyrian Neo-Aramaic External, Bats External (in Zemo-Alvani); Judeo-Georgian External; Laz External, Svan External (in northern Georgia) and Urum External.

Georgia - Personal names


-dze means "son of" and -shvili "child of".

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Georgia - Example address format



   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Georgia - Postal codes


   Note: This section last updated 6th July 2020

Georgia has now discarded its 6-digit postal code (საფოსტო ინდექსის) format and is using a 4-digit system. The first two digits indicate the major town or regional centre, the final two the delivery office.

Russia has provided Abkhazia with a 6-digit postal code from its system, commencing 384. Sukhumi’s code is 384900.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Georgia - Postal code format graphic


Georgia - Postal code format

Georgia - Postal code specifics


Georgia - Postal code regular expression


Georgia - Postal code level of coverage


Georgia - Postal code map


Place names in Georgia


   Note: This section last updated 18th April 2017

The following cities have changed their names since independence:

Postal code Old name New name For more information about this place:
  Gegechkori მარტვილი or Martvili Martvili - Wikipedia External
  Makharadze ოზურგეთი or Ozurgeti Ozurgeti - Wikipedia External
  Tsakhaya სენაკი or Senaki Senaki - Wikipedia External
  Tsulukidze ხონი or Khoni Khoni - Wikipedia External

Refer to Exonyms in Georgia and Exonyms in Abkhazia for full lists of place names in Georgia in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http:www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Georgia - Administrative districts


   Note: This section last updated 9th January 2018

Georgia has 9 regions External, (mkharebi, singular - mkhare), 5 self-governing cities (k’alak’ebi, singular - k’alak’i, show in the list below with an asterisk), 2 autonomous republics (avtomnoy respubliki, singular - avtom respublika, shown in the list below with a §) and 64 self-governing communities (not listed). The region names are not used in addresses.

    Abkhazia (Ap’khazet’is Avtonomiuri Respublika) § 
    Ajaria External (Acharis Avtonomiuri Respublika) § 
    Batumi External  *
    Guria External
    Imereti External
    Kakheti External
    Kutaisi External *    
    Kvemo Kartli External
    Mtskheta-Mtianeti External
    Poti External *
    Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti External
    Rustavi External *
    Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti External
    Samtskhe-Javakheti External
    Shida Kartli External
    T’bilisi External *

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Georgia


   Note: This section last updated 12th May 2020

Russia has provided a dialling code from its system for Abkhazia. All Georgian numbers have a total length of 9 digits when called from abroad. Area codes have 2 digits for T’bilisi and 3 for all other numbers. Mobile number have the area codes commencing with 5.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/georgia/cities/ External 20230114

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All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.