Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

Help us to keep this resource free!



This resource is also available as a PDF file


Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties


For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Nicaragua - Country information


Local short name form

Official name





International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Nicaragua - Number format


(where . indicates the decimal separator and , the thousands separator)

Nicaragua - Languages


Language map External

The official language is Spanish External, spoken by most of the population. There are also 1 500 speakers of Garífuna External; 154 400 of Mískito External (around Puerto Cabezas and along the northern Caribbean coast); 24 speakers of Rama External; 6 700 speakers of Sumo External and 30 000 speakers of Western Caribbean Creole English External (around Bluefields and along the southern Caribbean coast).

Nicaragua - Personal names and forms of address


The abbreviation used for Señorita in Nicaragua is Srta.

Each person usually has a given name followed by two family names, that of the father followed by that of the mother, for example:

   Barbara Betancourt Perez

Upon marriage, females may take their husband’s name as a further given name, in this way:

   Barbara Betancourt Perez de Lopez

where the de indicates “(wife) of”. De usually indicates a married female, but may also be part of a name.

Professional people are often referred to by their qualification, followed by the given name and paternal family name (and sometimes the maternal family name):

   Doctor (m) / Doctora (f) (Dr/Dra)         Doctor
   Ingeniero (m) / Ingeniera (f) (Ing.)      Engineer
   Licenciado (m) / Licenciada (f) (Lic.)    Holder of a university degree
   Profesor (Prof.)                          Professor, higher education teachers

This is preceded by the gender form of address in this way:

   Señor Ingeniero Domínguez

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Nicaragua - Address format


Nicaraguan addresses follow the format:

   Person's name
   Thoroughfare name[ ]building number
   {District name}
   Postal code

for example:


A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Nicaragua - Post office box


This is written Apartado Postal in Nicaragua.

Nicaragua - Postal codes


After some experimentation with postal codes (Código Postal) of varying formats and lengths, Nicaragua seems (in 2013) to have settled upon a postal code in the format 99999.

Codes are assigned to 153 municipalities across the country, and to 776 districts of the municipality of Managua.

Postal codes of four digits and of seven digits in the format 999[-]999[-]9 may still be found, though codes are no yet commonly found in Nicaraguan addresses.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Nicaragua - Postal code format graphic


Nicaragua - Postal code format

Nicaragua - Postal code specifics

Nicaragua - Postal code regular expression


Nicaragua - Postal code level of coverage


Place names in Nicaragua


Refer to Exonyms in Nicaragua for full lists of place names in Nicaragua in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at External

Other language place name data can be acquired at External

Nicaragua - Administrative districts


Administrative districts graphic


Nicaragua has 15 departments External (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 2 autonomous regions (regiones autónomistas, singular - region autónomista, shown in the list below with an asterisk).

Departamento Postal code
Costa Caribe Norte External * 71-72
Costa Caribe Sur External * 81-82
Boaco External 51-52
Carazo External 45-46
Chinandega External 25-27
Chontales External 55-56
Estelií External 31-32
Granada External 43-44
Jinotega External 65-66
León External 21-22
Madriz External 34-35
Managua External 10-16
Masaya External 41-42
Matagalpa External 61-62
Nueva Segovia External 37-38
Rio San Juan External 91-92
Rivas External 47-48

They may be found in addresses.

This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Telephone numbers in Nicaragua


Nicaraguan telephone numbers have no area codes. Subscriber numbers have 8 digits. Mobile numbers begin with an 8.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see External

Properties with value Nicaragua

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2019. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.