_____ _____ Nicaragua

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



This resource costs about € 500 per month to host and maintain. Help me to keep it updated and free for all by donating as little as € 1 at Ko-Fi here. Alternatively, use one of these links to make purchases at Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk, for which I receive a small remuneration at no cost to yourself. Thank you


Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties


For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Nicaragua - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



6 733 763 (2022 estimate) [1]



International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Nicaragua - Number format


(where . indicates the decimal separator and , the thousands separator)

Nicaragua - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 26th May 2021

Nicaragua - Languages


The official language is Spanish External, spoken by most of the population. There are also 1 500 speakers of Garífuna External; 154 400 of Mískito External (around Puerto Cabezas and along the northern Caribbean coast); 24 speakers of Rama External; 6 700 speakers of Sumo External and 30 000 speakers of Western Caribbean Creole English External (around Bluefields and along the southern Caribbean coast).

Nicaragua - Personal names and forms of address


The abbreviation used for Señorita in Nicaragua is Srta.

Each person usually has a given name followed by two family names, that of the father followed by that of the mother, for example:

   Barbara Betancourt Perez

Upon marriage, females may take their husband’s name as a further given name, in this way:

   Barbara Betancourt Perez de Lopez

where the de indicates “(wife) of”. De usually indicates a married female, but may also be part of a name.

Professional people are often referred to by their qualification, followed by the given name and paternal family name (and sometimes the maternal family name):

   Doctor (m) / Doctora (f) (Dr/Dra)         Doctor
   Ingeniero (m) / Ingeniera (f) (Ing.)      Engineer
   Licenciado (m) / Licenciada (f) (Lic.)    Holder of a university degree
   Profesor (Prof.)                          Professor, higher education teachers

This is preceded by the gender form of address in this way:

   Señor Ingeniero Domínguez
   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Nicaragua - Address format


   Note: This section last updated 5th January 2021

Nicaraguan addresses follow the format:

   Person’s name
   Thoroughfare name[ ]building number
   {District name}
   Postal code

for example:


Streets in urban areas are often named based on their position relative to a central point. In Managua, for example, streets are numbered ascending from the Chancellery, near to where calle Central crosses avenida Bolívar. Thoroughfares running approximately east to west are named calle or callejon. Those running approximately north to south are named avenida or pasaje. Diagonal thoroughfares are named diagonal or radial. Thus:

   14.a calle Sureste 

is the fourteenth numbered thoroughfare south of the calle Central, and is east of avenida Bolívar. In León, the central point from which thoroughfares are named is the Cathedral.

Though most streets are named, an informal system is often used, even in official data, based on directions from a reference point. References may be made to blocks (cuadras, c.), compass directions and distances. Arriba (up) may be used instead of east and abajo (down) instead of west. For example:

   Lacmiel, 2 cuadras arriba, ½ cuadra al sur 

(meaning 2 blocks east and ½ a block south of the company Lacmiel). Sometimes references are made to points that no longer exist:

   Donde fue Lacmiel, 2 cuadras arriba, ½ cuadra al sur 

(meaning 2 blocks east and ½ a block south of where the company Lacmiel used to be). Old measurements, such as the vara (vra, vs, equal to 84 cm) are used to show distance along a road:

   boulevard El Dorado, Nacatamales el Dorado 1c. al sur, 10 vrs arriba  
   repto San Juan Igl Santa Martha 75vrs al E 

Clearly, this system is impossible to understand for non-natives.

Outside urban areas addresses often show a distance along a road:

   km 19 carretera a Ticuantepe 

Some more information about this system can be found here: https://vianica.com/nicaragua/practical-info/14-addresses.html External

   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Nicaragua - Post office box


This is written Apartado Postal in Nicaragua.

Nicaragua - Postal codes


   Note: This section last updated 9th February 2015

After some experimentation with postal codes (Código Postal) of varying formats and lengths, Nicaragua seems (in 2013) to have settled upon a postal code in the format 99999.

Codes are assigned to 153 municipalities across the country, and to 776 districts of the municipality of Managua.

Postal codes of four digits and of seven digits in the format 999[-]999[-]9 may still be found, though codes are no yet commonly found in Nicaraguan addresses.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External 

Nicaragua - Postal code format graphic


Nicaragua - Postal code format

Nicaragua - Postal code specifics

Nicaragua - Postal code regular expression


Nicaragua - Postal code level of coverage


Nicaragua - Postal code map

image Click on the image for a larger version

Place names in Nicaragua


   Note: This section last updated 9th August 2014

Refer to Exonyms in Nicaragua for full lists of place names in Nicaragua in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Nicaragua - Administrative districts


   Note: This section last updated 19th May 2016

Nicaragua has 15 departments External (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 2 autonomous regions (regiones autónomistas, singular - region autónomista, shown in the list below with an asterisk).

Departamento Postal code
Costa Caribe Norte External * 71-72
Costa Caribe Sur External * 81-82
Boaco External 51-52
Carazo External 45-46
Chinandega External 25-27
Chontales External 55-56
Estelí External 31-32
Granada External 43-44
Jinotega External 65-66
León External 21-22
Madriz External 34-35
Managua External 10-16
Masaya External 41-42
Matagalpa External 61-62
Nueva Segovia External 37-38
Rio San Juan External 91-92
Rivas External 47-48

They may be found in addresses.

   This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Nicaragua


Nicaraguan telephone numbers have no area codes. Subscriber numbers have 8 digits. Mobile numbers begin with an 8.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 

Properties with value Nicaragua


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/nicaragua/admin/ External 20230722

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.