Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Iceland

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

ICELAND
ICELAND

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Iceland - Country information

Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

354

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

IS

Internet country code

IS

GRC Country Code

ICE

Iceland - Number format

   1.234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and . the thousands separator)

Iceland - Date formats

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   dd/mm/yyyy
   dd.mm.yyyy

Iceland - Languages

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Icelandic External is spoken by 100% of the population.

Iceland - Personal names

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Care must be taken when addressing Icelanders as members of the same family will have different surnames. Surnames are still formed from one of the given names of the father (or, more rarely, the mother) followed by dottír for females and son for males. Thus Eirík and Rutar, son and daughter respectively of Magnus Jonsson will be Eirík Magnusson and Rutar Magnusdottír.

Some families have family names which are inherited as is.

A law change has made it possible now for the mother’s name to be used as the stem for -dottir or -son instead of the father’s, or for both to be used in a double-barrelled family name.

Married women retain their own name. People are addressed using their first names, even in format situations.

Given the complexity of naming conventions, and that many Icelanders never know the family names of their friends or colleagues, Icelandic telephone directories are ordered on the basis of given names.

Given names that have not been previously used in Iceland must be approved by the Icelandic Naming Committee. The criterium for acceptance is whether they can easily incorporated into the Icelandic language. They must contain only letters found in the Icelandic alphabet and they must be able to be declined (that is, modified according to their grammatical case). Girls must have a female name and boys a male name. No more than three personal names per person are allowed.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Iceland - Company legal forms

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Icelandic legal company entities are:

   Einkafyrirtaeki – sole proprietor          
   Einkahlutafélagsgormið (EHF.) – private limited liability company
   Einstaklingsfyrirtæki - sole proprietorship
   Hlutafélag (HF.) – public limited liability company
   Opinbert hlutafélag (Ohf.) - government owned company
   Sameignarfélag (SF) – Partnership
   Samlagsfélag - Co-operative
   Samvinnufélag & Samlagsfelag (SVF & Samlagsfelag) - Co-operative

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Iceland - Addresses

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Addresses are written in the following format:

   Contact name
   Street name[ ]number
   postal code[ ]TOWN NAME

For example:

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The thoroughfare type is suffixed to the thoroughfare name without a space, as in, for example:

   Holtagata 5

Below is a list of the most commonly occurring building and thoroughfare types:

   barð
   borg
   braut
   byggð
   fell
   gata
   gerði
   götu
   grund
   hagi
   háls
   hjalli
   hlíð
   holt
   land
   lundur
   melur
   múli
   nes
   sel
   sendi
   siða
   strætii
   tangitún
   teigur
   torg
   tún
   vangur
   vegi
   vegur
   vellir

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Other elements commonly found in address databases

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hin, hinar, hinir, hinn and hio are articles in Icelandic.

Iceland - Post office box

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This is written as Pósthólf, abbreviated to Ph.

Iceland - Postal codes

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Postal codes (Póstnúmer) are formed of a block of 3 digits. The first digit cannot be 0. Street addresses and post office boxes have different postal codes for the larger settlements (Akureyri, Gardabaer, Hafnarfjörður, Keflavík, Kópavogur, Reykjavík, Selfoss, Seltjarnarnes and Vestmannaeyjar).

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Iceland - Postal code format graphic

image

Iceland - Postal code format

999

Iceland - Postal code specifics

Iceland - Postal code regular expression

\A[1-9]\d{2,2}\Z

Iceland - Postal code level of coverage

2

Iceland - Postal code map

Iceland postal code areas Click on image to enlarge

Place names in Iceland

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Refer to Exonyms in Iceland for full lists of place names in Iceland in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http:www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Iceland - Administrative districts

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Administrative districts graphic

Telephone numbers in Iceland

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Icelandic telephone numbers have no area codes. Subscriber numbers have 7 digits. Mobile numbers commence 6, 7 or 8.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.