Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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India

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

INDIA
INDIA

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

India - Country information

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Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

91

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

IND

Internet country code

IN

GRC Country Code

IND

India - Number format

   1,234.45

(where . indicates the decimal separator and , the thousands separator)

India - Date and time formats

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For religious purposes, the date is written:

   yyyy mm dd

This format is also used for south Indian languages, such as Tamil. Northern Indian languages, such as Hindi, use the format:

   dd mm yyyy

This is also the usual written format:

   dd-mm-yyyy
   dd/mm/yyyy

Both the 12- and 24-hour time notations are used.

India - Languages

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India has 407 languages. 16 of these are national languages. These are: (14 604 000 speakers in Assam, Meghalaya and Arunchal Predesh), written in Bengali script; Bengali External (67 200 000 speakers in West Bengal and neighbouring states, written in Bengali script); English External; Gujarati External (43 312 000 speakers in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh), written in Gujarati script; Hindi External (180 000 000 speakers throughout northern India), written in Devanagari script; Kannada External (33 663 000 speakers in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra), written in Kannada script; Kashmiri External (4 161 000 speakers in Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Kashmir Valley), written in a Persian-based script; Malayalam External (33 667 000 speakers in Karala, Laccadive Islands and neighbouring states), written in Mayalalam script; Maldivian External (5 035 speakers on Minicoy Island in the Laccadive Islands), written in Tana script; Marathi External (64 783 000 speakers in Maharachtra and neighbouring states), written in Devanagari script; Oriya External (30 158 000 speakers in Orissa, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam and Andhra Pradesh), written in Oriya script; Panjabi External (25 690 000 speakers in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir; Sindhi (2 678 000 speakers in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Tamil Nahu and Uttar Pradesh), written in Arabic and Gurumukhi scripts; Tamil External (58 597 000 speakers in Tamil Nadu and neighbouring states), written in Tamil script; Telugu External (66 318 000 speakers in Andhra Pradesh and neighbouring states), written in Telugu script; Urdu External (45 733 000 speakers in Jammu & Kashmir and by Muslims spread throughout India), written in Arabic script.

India - Personal naming conventions

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Many of India’s ethnic and religious groups have different personal naming conventions, and these require some recognition and understanding to use them correctly. The naming conventions used by Muslims is described in the chapter Muslim personal names - a guide. Indian Muslims usually do not have family names.

Hindus

Name order is given name followed by family name. As the family name may denote caste, some people drop their family name and use the middle name instead. Women typically take their husband's family name. Children typically take their fathers' surname. In Gujarati women may take their husbands' first given name and surname upon marriage.

Tamil Hindus

Tamils have very long names which may be found in abbreviated form. This makes matching between names rather difficult. For example,

   Subramaniam Damodara Pakirisamy

may also be found written

   Mr S.D.P. Samy

Each person may elect to shorten their names in different ways. For example:

   Gnaguru s/o Thamboo Mylvaganam
   M.G. Guru
   Kanapathi Pillai Nirumdan
   K.P. Niru
   Mangalam Rajahram
   Muru

and so on. The use of the shortened version is quite acceptable. Females do not have to take their husband’s name upon marriage, though she may choose to do so, and may choose which name or names to take.

Sikhs

Gender is easily determined from Sikh names. Every male has the name Singh (meaning “lion”) following his given name in this way:

   Bhai Ranjit Singh

Bhaimeans “brother” and Ranjit is the given name. Sardar may be used in place of Bhai.

Females have Kaur (meaning “princess”) after their given name, which may then be followed by a family name in this way:

   Ranjit Kaur Dhillon

She would be addressed as:

   Bibi Ranjit Kaur

where Bibi means “sister”. Sardarni may be used in place of Kaur.

The suffixes Singh and Kaur are given after baptism. Before that, an alternative “family name” exists. Some people retain their family name and add Singh or Kaur as middle names.

Given these naming conventions, a lot of people have the same names, and this makes database matching and de-duplication a major headache. The Sikhs themselves sometimes add a third name, for example that of the settlement from which they come, to distinguish themselves from others, for example:

   Jarnail Singh Calcutta

Equally, each person in a household is likely to have a different name, making householding nigh-on impossible.

The given names themselves are used by both genders without distinction.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

India - Company legal forms

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These company types make be found in India:

   Cooperative
   Family Owned Business
   Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)
   Limited
   Partnership
   Private Limited Company (Pvt. Ltd)
   Public Limited Company (PMC)
   Public Sector Enterprise (PSE)
   Public Sector Unit (PSU)
   Sole Proprietorship
   Unlimited Company

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

India - Example address format

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Addresses written in a non-native language will be written in English.

The address may contain the state External or union territory name. The common abbreviations for these administrative districts are (in this list, the union territories are indicated with an asterisk):

Andaman & Nicobar External * AN
Andhra Pradesh External AP
Arunāchal Pradesh External AR
Assam External AS
Bihār External BR
Chandīgarh External * CHD
Chhattīgarh External  
Dādra & Nagar Haveli External * DNH
Damān & Diu External * DD
Delhi External * DEL
Goa External GOA
Gujarāt External GUJ
Haryāna External HR
Himāchal Pradesh External HP
Jammu & Kashmīr External JK
Jharkhand External  
Karnātaka External KRN
Kerala External KER
Lakshadweep External * LKP
Madhya Pradesh External MP
Mahārāshtra External MAH
Manipur External MNP
Meghālaya External MEG
Mizoram External MIZ
Nāgāland External NLD
Orissa External OR
Pondicherry External * PDY
Punjab External PU
Rājasthān External RAJ
Sikkim External SKM
Tamil Nādu External TN
Telangana External  
Tripura External TRP
Uttar Pradesh External UP
Uttarakhand External (previously Uttaranchal)  
West Bengal External WB

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Thoroughfare types

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Common local-language strings found in addresses are:

Local-language form English
Bazar Bazaar
Bhavan House, building
Chowk  
Marg Street
Nagar Settlement
Palli  
Vihar  

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

India - Post office box

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Post office box deliveries may be to P.O. Box or to Post Bag.

India - Postal codes

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Indian postal codes (PIN codes) consist of a block of 6 digits. The first digit cannot be 0. The first two indicate the state, the third the sorting centre and the last three a large town, a group of post offices or a delivery office. Postal codes are sometimes found written in the format

   NNN[ ]NNN 

or

   NNN-NNN

The following table indicates the fist digits of the postal codes per state or union territory. It should be noted that there may be overlaps in postal areas between states which are not shown here:

Postal code State or Union Territory
11 Delhi
12-13 Haryāna
140-143; 144001-144028; 1441-1449; 145-159 Punjab
144031-144040; 16 Chandigarh
17 Himāchal Pradesh
18-19 Jammu & Kashmīr
20-245, 264-28 Uttar Pradesh
246-263 Uttarakhand
30-34 Rājasthān
36-39 (excluding those PIN codes commencing 39 listed below) Gujarāt
396210; 396220 Damān & Diu
396235 Dādra & Nagar Haveli
400-402; 404-409; 41-44 Mahārāshtra
403 Goa
45-48 Madhya Pradesh
49 Chhattisgarh
50-535 Shared between Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
536 Shared between Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nādu
537-599 Karnātaka
6011-6013; 602-604; 605 (shared with Pondicherry); 606; 607001-607004; 60705-6079; 608-609; 61-66 Tamil Nādu
605 Puducherry
601016; 607008; 670-672; 674-679, 68-69; 777 Kerala
673 Lakshadweep
70-736; 738-743; 745-749 West Bengal
737; 750 Sikkim
744 Andaman and Nicobar Islands
751-770 Orissa
78 Assam
790-792 Arunāchal Pradesh
793-794 Meghālaya
795 Manipur
796 Mizoram
797-798 Nāgāland
799 Tripura
80-813; 834-85 Bihār
814-835 Jharkhand

Postal codes commencing 9 are military addresses.

This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

India - Postal code format graphic

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India - Postal code format

India - Postal code specifics

India - Postal code regular expression

\A[1-9]\d{5,5}\Z

India - Postal code level of coverage

2

Place names in India

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Indian cities are increasingly renaming themselves in local-language equivalents and dropping the English names used up to now.

Refer to Exonyms in India for full lists of place names in India in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http:www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

India - Administrative districts

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Administrative districts graphic

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India has 29 states and 7 union territories, used in addresses. They are listed above in the “Example address format” section. In the year 2000, three new states were established: Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttaranchal (renamed to Uttarakhand in 2006). Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh were created from parts of Bihar and Orissa; Uttarakhand was created from north Uttar Pradesh. Telangana was created from part of Andhra Pradesh on 2nd June 2014. The codes for these new states have not yet been announced.

Telephone numbers in India

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Indian telephone numbers have a full length of 10 digits when called from abroad, with area codes of 2-4 digits and subscriber numbers of 6-8 digits. Mobile number area codes commence with 9.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.