Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Mexico

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

MEXICO
MEXICO

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Mexico - Country information

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Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

52

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

MEX

Internet country code

MX

GRC Country Code

MEX

Mexico - Number format

   1,234.45

(where . indicates the decimal separator and , the thousands separator)

Mexico - Date formats

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   dd/mm/yyyy

Mexico - Languages

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The official language, Spanish External, is spoken as a first language by about 88% of the population. The remaining 12% speak one of 288 other, mainly Indian, languages. A significant proportion of these people do not speak Spanish. The languages with the largest numbers of speakers are Chol External (130 000); Maya External (700 000); Mazahua External (350 000); Nahuatl External (in 27 different forms 1 376 898); Otomí External (in 9 different forms 220 000); Purépecha External (120 000); Totonaca External (in 8 different forms 260 000); Tzeltal External (in 2 different forms 300 000); Tzotzil External (in 6 different forms 265 000); Zapoteco External (in 57 different forms 494 000).

Mexico - Personal names and forms of address

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Each person usually has a given name followed by two family names, that of the father followed by that of the mother, for example:

   Barbara Betancourt Perez

A court ruling of 2017 allowed a baby to be named using the maternal surnames of both parents.

Upon marriage, females may take their husband’s name as a further given name, in this way:

   Barbara Betancourt Perez de Lopez

where the de indicates “(wife) of”. De usually indicates a married female, but may also be part of a name.

Professional people are often referred to by their qualification, followed by the given name and paternal family name (and sometimes the maternal family name):

   C.P.                                   Accountant
   Doctor (m) / Doctora (f) (Dr/Dra)      Doctor, Ph.D.
   Ingeniero (m) / Ingeniera (f) (Ing.)   Engineer
   Licenciado (m) / Licenciada (f) (Lic.) Holder of a university degree

This in turn may be preceded by the honorific in this way:

   Señor Doctor Dávalos

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Mexico - Company legal forms

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The following company legal types will be found in Mexican address databases:

   Asociación en Participación (A. & P.) (joint venture)
   Asociación Civil (A.C.) (civil association, non-commercial)
   Sociedad Anónima (S.A.) (limited liability stock corporation)
   Sociedad Anónima Bursátil (SAB)
   Sociedad Anónima  de Capital Variable (S.A. de C.V.) (variable capital company)
   Sociedad Anónima Promotora de Inversion (SAPI)
   Sociedad de Produccion Rural de Responsabilidad Limitada (S.P.R. de R.L.)
   Sociedad de Produccion Rural de Responsabilidad Limitada de Capital Variable (S.P.R. de R.L. de C.V.)
   Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (S. de R.L.) (limited liability company)
   Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada de Capital Variable (S. de R.L. de C.V.)
   Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada de Microindustrial (S.R.L. de MI)
   Sociedad en Comandita por Acciones (S. en C. por A.) - master limited partnership
   Sociedad en Comandita Simple (S.C.S.) (limited partnership)
   Sociedad en Nombre Colectivo (S.N.C.) (general partnership)

"de CV" can be added at the end of any of these legal forms to indicate a "capital variable" form.

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Address format

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Addresses are written in the format:

   Name
   {thoroughfare type[ ]}Thoroughfare name[ ]number{[, ]floor etc. indicators}
   Section indicator
   postal code[ ]SETTLEMENT[, ]STATE ABBREVIATION

For example:

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The Spanish word for street, calle, is usually not written in the street address line.

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Mexican addresses often contains zonal indicators. These include:

Ampliación Extension
Barrio Neighbourhood
Centro Centre
Ciudad (Cd) City
Colonia (Col.) Colony
Congregación Assembly, meeting
Conjunto Habitacional, Conjunto Residencial Housing complex, Residential complex
Ejido Co-operative
Fraccionamiento (Fracc.) Division, development
Hacienda Estate, ranch
Parque Industrial Industrial park
Pueblo Village, small town
Rancho, Ranchería, Rancho o Ranchería Ranch, Dairy, Ranch or dairy
Sección (Secc.) Section
Sector (Sect.) Sector
Unidad Unit
Unidad Habitacional Housing unit
Villa Town

The indicator itself may or may not be found written:.

   Col. Atlatilco

or

   Atlatilco

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

image The state code is written after the settlement name. The abbreviations used are:

State Abbreviation Postal code range
Aguascalientes External AGS 20000-20999
Baja California External BC 21000-22999
Baja California Sur External BCS 23000-23999
Campeche External CAM 24000-24999
Ciudad de México (previously Distrito Federal) External CDMX or CMX 01000-16999
Chiapas External CHIS or CHA 29000-30999
Chihuahua External CHIH or CHU 31000-33999
Coahuila de Zaragoza External COAH or COA 25000-27999
Colima External COL 28000-28999
Durango External DGO or DUR 34000-35999
Guanajuato External GTO or GUA 36000-38999
Guerrero External GRO or GUE 39000-41999
Hidalgo External HGO or HID 42000-43999
Jalisco External JAL 44000-49999
México External MÉX 50000-57999
Michoacán de Ocampo External MICH or MIC 58000-61999
Morelos External MOR 62000-62999
Nayarit External NAY 63000-63999
Nuevo León External NL 64000-67999
Oaxaca External OAX 68000-71999
Puebla External PUE 72000-75999
Querétaro Arteaga External QRO or QUE 76000-76999
Quintana Roo External QROO or QR 77000-77999
San Luís Potosí External SLP 78000-79999
Sinalóa External SIN 80000-82999
Sonora External SON 83000-85999
Tabasco External TAB 86000-86999
Tamaulipas External TAMPS or TAM 87000-89999
Tlaxcala External TLAX or TLA 90000-90999
Veracruz External VER 91000-96999
Yucatán External YUC 97000-97999
Zacatecas External ZAC 98000-99999

This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Mexico - Post office box

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This is written Apartado Postal in Mexico.

Mexico - Postal codes

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Mexican postal codes (Código Postal or CP) consist of a block of 5 digits. Each digit is associated to a geographical area of the country. The first two digits refer to the federal entity, or, in the case of the Distrito Federal (Mexico City), to a neighbourhood. The third digit indicates an important town or city, a municipality or one of the ten areas into which the Distrito Federal is divided. The fourth digit indicates a municipality or suburb or estate within a town. The final digit indicates a group of blocks or the specific street address of a large-user.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Postal code format graphic

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Postal code format

Postal code specifics

n/a.

Postal code regular expression

\A\d{5,5}\Z

Postal code level of coverage

3

Postal code map

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Place names in Mexico

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Refer to Exonyms in Mexico for full lists of place names in Mexico in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Mexico - Administrative districts

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Administrative districts graphic

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The abbreviations of Mexico’s 31 states (estados External, singular - estado) and 1 district (Distrito Federal) are used in addresses. Please see the section on address formats for further information.

Telephone numbers in Mexico

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Mexican area codes have a length of 2 or 3 digits when called from abroad; subscriber numbers have 7-8 digits, and full numbers have a length of 10 digits. Mobile numbers have 44 or 45 in front of the area code and are 12 digits long.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.