_____ _____ Mexico

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



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Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties


For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Mexico - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



126 014 024 (2020) [1]



International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Mexico - Number format


(where . indicates the decimal separator and , the thousands separator)

Mexico - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 17th May 2021

Mexico - Languages


The official language, Spanish External, is spoken as a first language by about 88% of the population. The remaining 12% speak one of 288 other, mainly Indian, languages. A significant proportion of these people do not speak Spanish. The languages with the largest numbers of speakers are Chol External (130 000); Maya External (700 000); Mazahua External (350 000); Nahuatl External (in 27 different forms 1 376 898); Otomí External (in 9 different forms 220 000); Purépecha External (120 000); Totonaca External (in 8 different forms 260 000); Tzeltal External (in 2 different forms 300 000); Tzotzil External (in 6 different forms 265 000); Zapoteco External (in 57 different forms 494 000).

Mexico - Personal names and forms of address


   Note: This section last updated 12th February 2017

Each person usually has a given name followed by two family names, that of the father followed by that of the mother, for example:

   Barbara Betancourt Perez

A court ruling of 2017 allowed a baby to be named using the maternal surnames of both parents.

Upon marriage, females may take their husband’s name as a further given name, in this way:

   Barbara Betancourt Perez de Lopez

where the de indicates “(wife) of”. De usually indicates a married female, but may also be part of a name.

Professional people are often referred to by their qualification, followed by the given name and paternal family name (and sometimes the maternal family name):

   C.P.                                   Accountant
   Doctor (m) / Doctora (f) (Dr/Dra)      Doctor, Ph.D.
   Ingeniero (m) / Ingeniera (f) (Ing.)   Engineer
   Licenciado (m) / Licenciada (f) (Lic.) Holder of a university degree

This in turn may be preceded by the honorific in this way:

   Señor Doctor Dávalos
   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Mexico - Company legal forms


   Note: This section last updated 19th April 2019

The following company legal types will be found in Mexican address databases:

   Asociación en Participación (A. & P.) (joint venture)
   Asociación Civil (A.C.) (civil association, non-commercial)
   Fideicomiso (Trust)
   Institución de Asistencia Privada (IAP) (private assistance institution)
   Sociedad Anónima (S.A.) (limited liability stock corporation)
   Sociedad Anónima Bursátil (SAB)
   Sociedad Anónima  de Capital Variable (S.A. de C.V.) (variable capital company)
   Sociedad Anónima Promotora de Inversion (SAPI)
   Sociedad Civil (SC) (civil company)
   Sociedad de Produccion Rural de Responsabilidad Limitada (S.P.R. de R.L.)
   Sociedad de Produccion Rural de Responsabilidad Limitada de Capital Variable (S.P.R. de R.L. de C.V.)
   Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (S. de R.L.) (limited liability company)
   Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada de Capital Variable (S. de R.L. de C.V.)
   Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada de Microindustrial (S.R.L. de MI)
   Sociedad en Comandita por Acciones (S. en C. por A.) (master limited partnership)
   Sociedad en Comandita Simple (S.C.S.) (limited partnership)
   Sociedad en Nombre Colectivo (S.N.C.) (general partnership)

"de CV" can be added at the end of any of these legal forms to indicate a "capital variable" form.

   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Mexico - Address format


   Note: This section last updated 20th March 2018

Addresses are written in the format:

   {thoroughfare type[ ]}Thoroughfare name[ ]number{[, ]floor etc. indicators}
   Section indicator

For example:


The Spanish word for street, calle, is usually not written in the street address line.

   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Mexican addresses often contain zonal indicators. These include:

Ampliación Extension
Barrio Neighbourhood
Centro Centre
Ciudad (Cd) City
Colonia (Col.) Colony
Congregación Assembly, meeting
Conjunto Habitacional, Conjunto Residencial Housing complex, Residential complex
Ejido Co-operative
Fraccionamiento (Fracc.) Division, development
Hacienda Estate, ranch
Parque Industrial Industrial park
Pueblo Village, small town
Rancho, Ranchería, Rancho o Ranchería Ranch, Dairy, Ranch or dairy
Sección (Secc.) Section
Sector (Sect.) Sector
Unidad Unit
Unidad Habitacional Housing unit
Villa Town

The indicator itself may or may not be found written:.

   Col. Atlatilco


   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

image The state code is written after the settlement name. The abbreviations used are:

State Abbreviation Postal code range
Aguascalientes External AGS 20000-20999
Baja California External BC 21000-22999
Baja California Sur External BCS 23000-23999
Campeche External CAM 24000-24999
Ciudad de México (previously Distrito Federal) External CDMX or CMX 01000-16999
Chiapas External CHIS or CHA 29000-30999
Chihuahua External CHIH or CHU 31000-33999
Coahuila de Zaragoza External COAH or COA 25000-27999
Colima External COL 28000-28999
Durango External DGO or DUR 34000-35999
Guanajuato External GTO or GUA 36000-38999
Guerrero External GRO or GUE 39000-41999
Hidalgo External HGO or HID 42000-43999
Jalisco External JAL 44000-49999
México External MÉX 50000-57999
Michoacán de Ocampo External MICH or MIC 58000-61999
Morelos External MOR 62000-62999
Nayarit External NAY 63000-63999
Nuevo León External NL 64000-67999
Oaxaca External OAX 68000-71999
Puebla External PUE 72000-75999
Querétaro Arteaga External QRO or QUE 76000-76999
Quintana Roo External QROO or QR 77000-77999
San Luis Potosí External SLP 78000-79999
Sinaloa External SIN 80000-82999
Sonora External SON 83000-85999
Tabasco External TAB 86000-86999
Tamaulipas External TAMPS or TAM 87000-89999
Tlaxcala External TLAX or TLA 90000-90999
Veracruz External VER 91000-96999
Yucatán External YUC 97000-97999
Zacatecas External ZAC 98000-99999
   This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Mexico - Post office box


This is written Apartado Postal in Mexico.

Mexico - Postal codes


Mexican postal codes (Código Postal or CP) consist of a block of 5 digits. Each digit is associated to a geographical area of the country. The first two digits refer to the federal entity, or, in the case of the Distrito Federal (Mexico City), to a neighbourhood. The third digit indicates an important town or city, a municipality or one of the ten areas into which the Distrito Federal is divided. The fourth digit indicates a municipality or suburb or estate within a town. The final digit indicates a group of blocks or the specific street address of a large-user.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Postal code format graphic


Postal code format

Postal code specifics


Postal code regular expression


Postal code level of coverage


Postal code map

image Click on the map for a larger version

Place names in Mexico


   Note: This section last updated 5th October 2015

Refer to Exonyms in Mexico for full lists of place names in Mexico in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Mexico - Administrative districts


The abbreviations of Mexico’s 31 states (estados External, singular - estado) and 1 district (Distrito Federal) are used in addresses. Please see the section on address formats for further information.

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in Mexico


   Note: This section last updated 18th January 2021

Mexico moved to a closed dialling system in 2019, with all numbers having 10 digits. The country is divided into 8 areas and all numbers, fixed and mobile, are assigned based on these areas. Numbers commence with a digit in the range 2-9. The second number cannot be 0 and no number may commence 911. Service numbers begin with 0 and have three digits.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/mexico/admin/ External 20230111

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All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.