Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Myanmar

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

MYANMAR
MYANMAR

Formerly known as Burma. Small parts of Myanmar on the border with Thailand are controlled by Karen and Mon rebels.

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Myanmar - Country information

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Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

95

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

BUR

Internet country code

MM

GRC Country Code

BUR

Myanmar - Number format

   Note: This section last updated 24th May 2021
   1,234.45

(where . indicates the decimal separator and , the thousands separator)

Myanmar - Date and time formats

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   Note: This section last updated 24th May 2021
   dd-mm-yyyy
   14:32

Myanmar - Languages

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110 languages are spoken in Myanmar. The official language is Burmese External, with 21 553 000 first-language speakers and 3 000 000 second-language speakers. Other languages spoken include Arakanese External (1 875 000 speakers); Jingpo External (625 000 speakers); Pa’o Karen External (560 000 speakers), Pwo Karen External (1 209 800 speakers), S’gaw Karen External (1 284 700 speakers); Mon External (835 100 speakers); Shan External (2 920 000 speakers); Vo External (558 000 speakers) and Yangbye External (810 300 speakers).

Myanmar - Personal names and forms of address

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The use of forms of address in Burmese is complex and difficult to comprehend for many outsiders. In short, the forms of address are:

Males:

   Under 30                                              Mg (Maung)
   Aged 30-45                                            Ko
   Over 45                                               U
   Military officers and people regarded as “leaders”:   Bo

Females:

   Under 35                                                       Ma
   Over 35                                                        Daw
   Women of any age with “status”, such as teachers or lawyers:   Daw

Other forms of address are Saw, Naw, Ludu U and Hanthawaddy U.

Most Westerners do not realize that these strings are forms of address and not part of the person’s name. The Burmese former United Nations Secretary General, U Thant, is a good example of this. It is, of course, always wrong to duplicate the forms of address by writing, for example, Mr U Thant.

Names are usually written with the form of address being followed by the family name (if used) and then the given name. Women do not change their name upon marriage. The eldest son may take the father’s family name whilst the eldest daughter may take the mother’s family name. The full name should always be used in all contexts. Naming in general is rather flexible in Burma, and care needs to be taken in storing and using Burmese names in databases.

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Myanmar - Address format

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Myanmar addresses are written in the format:

   Contact Name
   number[ ]Thoroughfare
   {Township name}
   SETTLEMENT[ ]postal code

For example:

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Though Myanmar has postal codes, they are rarely used.

Addresses not written in a local language will be written in English.

   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Myanmar - Post office box

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For addresses in English, this is written PO Box.

Myanmar - Postal codes

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   Note: This section last updated 27th August 2020

The postal code consists of a block of 5 digits, but is often not used. The first two digits represent the division/state and range between 01 and 14. The next two digits indicates the municipality and the final digit indicates the delivery office.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Myanmar - Postal code format graphic

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Myanmar - Postal code format

Myanmar - Postal code specifics

Myanmar - Postal code regular expression

\A[01-14]\d{3,3}\Z

Myanmar - Postal code level of coverage

2

Myanmar - Postal code map

image Click on the image for a larger version

Place names in Myanmar

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   Note: This section last updated 25th January 2017

Refer to Exonyms in Myanmar for full lists of place names in Myanmar in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Myanmar - Administrative districts

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   Note: This section last updated 28th August 2021

Myanmar has 7 regions External (yin-mya, singular - yin, shown below with an asterisk), 7 states (pyine-mya, singular - pyine), a union territory (pranytaungcu.nai-mre) (#), a self-administered zone (kuiypuing-uphkyuphkwang.ra.desa) and 5 self-administered divisions (kuiypuing-uphkyuphkwang.ra.tuing). The self-administered zone and divisions are not shown below.

State/Division

Postal code range

Ayeyarwady External *

10

Bago External *

08

Chin State External

03

Kachin State External

01

Kayah State External

09

Kayin State External

13

Magway External *

04

Mandalay External *

05 (shared with Naypyidaw)

Mon State External

12

Naypyidaw External #

05 (shared with Mandalay)

Rakhine State External

07

Sagaing External *

02

Shan State External

06

Tanintharyi External *

14

Yangon External * (Rangoon)

11

Administrative districts graphic

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Telephone numbers in Myanmar

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   Note: This section last updated 25th August 2015

Myanmar area codes have 1 or 2 digits when called from abroad. Fixed geographic numbers have a total length of between 6 and 9 digits. Mobile numbers have the area code 9 and a length of between 7 and 10 digits

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2021. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.