_____ _____ North Macedonia

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



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North Macedonia

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In early 2019 Macedonia and Greece agreed that Macedonia should change its name to North Macedonia, a change which has passed a referendum in Macedonia and the parliaments in both countries. This agreement removes the opposition of Greece to the use by this country of the word Macedonia in its name. "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" and "FYROM" should no longer be used.

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

North Macedonia - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



1 836 713 (2021) [1]



International telephone access code


Car nationality plate code


ISO 3166 country codes

Internet country code


GRC Country Code


North Macedonia - Number format

   Note: This section last updated 28th May 2021

In Macedonian:


(where , indicates the decimal separator and . the thousands separator)

In Albanian:

   1 234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

North Macedonia - Date and time formats


   Note: This section last updated 28th May 2021

North Macedonia - Languages


North Macedonia has two official languages: Macedonian External, spoken by 1 386 000 people and Albanian External, spoken by 242 250 people. Also spoken are Balkan Gagauz Turkish External, Adyghe External, Macedo Romanian External, Balkan Romani External, Serbo-Croat External and Turkish External. The Roma languages are currently being given a written form.


North Macedonia - Personal names


   Note: This section last updated 14th July 2018

The family name is usually written before the given name. If the person has a title, this precedes the family name. For example:

   Dr. Manusev Bojan
   Prof. Slobov Alex

Females who take their husband’s family name may feminize it. The wife of Bojan Manusev may be Magda Manuseva, for example. Recently, it has become more common for women to take their husband’s family name without feminizing it.

   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

North Macedonia - Company names


Company names are written in this order:

   name[-]legal form[-]type

with the name often between quotation marks. For example:


North Macedonia - Company legal forms


Company legal forms used in North Macedonia include:

   A.D.    (А.Д., Akcionersko društvo, Акционерско друштво) - holding company
   D.o. - Unlimited company
   D.o.o.  (Д.О.О., Друштво со Ограничена Одговорност) - Limited company
   JTD (Ј.Т.Д., Јавно трговско друштво) - General partnership
   K.D. (К.Д., Командитно друштво) - limited partnership
   KDA (К.Д.А., Командитно друштво со акции) - limited partnership with shares
   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

North Macedonia - Address Formats


   Note: This section last updated 2nd September 2020

Address formats follow those used in other parts of the former Yugoslavia:

   thoroughfare type[ ]Thoroughfare name [ ]number
   postal code[ ]SETTLEMENT{[ ]sorting code}

For example:


Addresses in Skopje can have a numeric sorting code (between 1 and 36) following the city name.

If an address is in a village without a post office, the village name is written on the line above the line containing the postal code.

In addresses, Sveti (a male saint) and Sveta (a female saint) are often found abbreviated to Sv.

For information pertaining to the position of the thoroughfare type in an address, please refer to the chapter on Croatia.

   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Thoroughfare types


ul. is the abbreviation of ulica. It is almost always abbreviated when written in addresses. bulevart (bul.) means Boulevard, and kej means Quay.

Broj (abbreviation br.) means “number” and B.B. in an address means “without number”.

   Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

North Macedonia - Post office box


This is written Poštanski Fah, abbreviated to PF in Macedonian.

North Macedonia - Postal codes


   Note: This section last updated 13th October 2018

In June 2000 the postal codes (поштенски единиц) changed from a block of 5 digits (as used when North Macedonia was part of Yugoslavia) to a block of 4 digits. Macedonia Post reports that these new postal codes came into general use on 1st January 2001. The first digit (1, 2, 6 or 7 only) indicates a large region of the country, the second a smaller region and so on. The largest cities have more than one postal code.

The new postal codes for the largest cities are:

City Postal Code
Berovo 2330
Bitola 7000-7111
Brod Makedonski 6530
Debar 1250
Delchevo 2320
Demir Hisar 7240
Gevgelia 1480-1481
Gostivar 1230
Kavadarci 1430-1431
Kičevo 6250-6252
Kočani 2300
Kratovo 1320
Kriva Palanka 1330
Krushevo 7520
Kumanovo 1300-1301, 1310-1311, 1313
Negotino 1440
Ohrid 6000-6105
Prilep 7500-7503, 7510
Probishtip 2210
Radoviš 2420-2421
Resen 7310
Štip 2000-2103
Skopje 1000-1010, 1040, 1050, 1101-1141
Struga 6330
Strumica 2400-2404
Sveti Nikole 2220
Tetovo 1220, 1222-1223, 1229
Valandovo 1460
Veles 1400-1403
Vinica 2310

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

North Macedonia - Postal code format graphic


North Macedonia - Postal code format

North Macedonia - Postal code specifics

North Macedonia - Postal code regular expression


North Macedonia - Postal code level of coverage


North Macedonia - Postal code map

Macedonia postal code map Click to enlarge image

Place names in North Macedonia


   Note: This section last updated 12th April 2015

The large Albanian-speaking minority in the west of the country have their own names for some settlements.

Refer to Exonyms in North Macedonia for full lists of place names in Macedonia in other languages.

   Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External
   Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

North Macedonia - Administrative districts


   Note: This section last updated 28th May 2013

North Macedonia is split into 80 municipalities External (opštini, singular - opština). These are:

Aerodrom (Skopje) External, Aračinovo External, Berovo External, Bitola External, Bogdanci External, Bogovinje External, Bosilovo External, Brvenica External, Butel (Skopje) External, Čair (Skopje) External, Čaška External, Centar (Skopje) External, Centar Župa External, Češinovo-Obleševo External, Čučer-Sandevo External, Debar External, Debartca External, Delčevo External, Demir Hisar External, Demir Kapija External, Dojran External, Dolneni External, Gazi Baba (Skopje) External, Gevgelija External, Gjorče Petrov (Skopje) External, Gostivar External, Gradsko External, Ilinden External, Jegunovce External, Karbinci External, Karpoš(Skopje) External, Kavadarci External, Kičevo External, Kisela Voda (Skopje) External, Kočani External, Konče External, Kratovo External, Kriva Palanka External, Krivogaštani External, Kruševo External, Kumanovo External, Lipkovo External, Lozovo External, Makedonska Kamenica External, Makedonski Brod External, Mavrovo-i-Rostuša External, Mogila External, Negotino External, Novaci External, Novo Selo External, Ohrid External, Pehčevo External, Petrovec External, Plasnica External, Prilep External, Probištip External, Radoviš External, Rankovce External, Resen External, Rosoman External, Saraj (Skopje) External, Sopište External, Staro Nagoričane External, Štip External, Struga External, Strumica External, Studeničani External, Šuto Orizari (Skopje) External, Sveti Nikole External, Tearce External, Tetovo External, Valandovo External, Vasilevo External, Veles External, Vevčani External, Vinica External, Vrapčište External, Zelenikovo External, Želino External, Zrnovci External

The ten municipalities followed by “(Skopje)” collectively constitute "Greater Skopje"

Administrative districts graphic


Telephone numbers in North Macedonia


North Macedonian area codes have 1-2 digits when called from abroad, and all full numbers have a length of 8 digits. Mobile numbers have area codes commencing with a 7.

   Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External 


  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/northmacedonia/admin/ External 20230121

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All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.