Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Romania

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

ROMANIA
ROMANIA

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Romania - Country information

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Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

40

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

RO

Internet country code

RO

GRC Country Code

ROM

Romania - Number format

   1.234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and . the thousands separator)

Romania - Date formats

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   dd/mm/yyyy
   dd.mm.yyyy

Romania - Languages

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The official language, Romanian External, is spoken by 87% of the population. Other languages spoken are Hungarian External (9%), German External (2%) and Romani External (1%). Also spoken are Bulgarian External (10 439 speakers); Crimean Turkish External (25 000 speakers); Gagauz External; Greek External; Polish External (10 000 speakers); Serbo-Croatian External (80 000 speakers) and Turkish External (150 000 speakers).

Language use, especially amongst the large Hungarian minority, is a sensitive issue in Romania. Minorities may use their own language in public affairs if they form more than 20% of the population of a municipality.

Romania - Personal names

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Romanian family names traditionally follow the Anglo-Saxon pattern:

   Given name[ ]Surname

with children inheriting the father's surname and wives taking their husband's surname. On official papers the name is often written with the surname first.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Romania - Company legal forms

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The following company types will be found:

   RA - Regie Autonomă - a state-owned company with a degree of management independence
   SA - Societate pe Acţiuni - stock company
   SC - Societate Cooperatista - co-operative company
   SCASocietate in còmandita pe acţiuni – limited liability partnership
   SCSSocietate in comandita simpla – limited liability partnership.
   SNCSocietate in nume colectiv – general partnership
   SrlSocietate cu răspondere limitată – limited liability company, privately held.

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Romania - Addresses

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Addresses are written in the following format:

   Recipient name
   Thoroughfare[ ]number
   postal code[ ]CITY NAME

For example:

   Gheorghe Petraru
   Bd olescu 38
   050000 BUCUREŞTI

The house number is sometimes found in front of the thoroughfare string. The house number is sometimes followed by sub-building information (block (Bl.) / entrance (Scara (Sc.), staircase) / floor (Etaj (Et.)) / apartment (Ap.)), and numbered urban sectors may also be found in addresses, in this way:

   Megheru Nr 7, Bl. D1, Sc. 3, Et. 9, Ap. 96
   Sector 1
   050000 BUCUREŞTI

Addresses outside Bucharest may include the county name instead of a sector.

A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Thoroughfare types

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The most common Romanian thoroughfare types are:

   Alee, Aleea                                (Alley)
   Bulevardul, Bulevard      Bul., Bl.        (Boulevard)
   Cale, Calea               Cal.             (Way)
   Curte                                      (Yard, Court)
   Drum, Drumul                               (Road)
   Fundac, Fundacul                           (Close)
   Fundatură                 Fnd.             (Cul-de-sac, Close) 
   Intrare, Intrarea         Intr.            (Drive)
   Parc                                       (Park)  
   Pasaj                                      (Passage, pass)  
   Piaţă                                      (Market, square)
   Potecă                                     (Path, trail) 
   Rampă                                      (Ramp)   
   Scuar                                      (Square)   
   Şir                                        (Row)  
   Şosea, Şoseaua            Sos.             (Road, avenue)
   Splai, Splaiul            Spl.             (Embankment)
   Stradă                    Str.             (Street)
   Stradelă                                   (Lane)  
   Trecere                                    (Crossing) 

Note that the ending of the adjectival part of the street name changes according to what follows it, as seen in some of the examples above and below.

Other common strings include:

   Canal                                      (Canal)
   Cartier                                    (Neighbourhood, district)
   Colonie                                    (Settlement)
   Hotar                                      (Border, edge)
   Pietonal                                   (Pedestrian)
   Platou                                     (Plateau)
   Prelungire, Prelungirea   Prel.            (Extension)
   Suiş                                       (Slope)
   Variantă                  Var.             (Alternative)

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http:www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Other elements commonly found in address databases

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o, un and una are articles in Romanian.

Romania - Post office box

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This is written Căsuţă Poştală, abbreviated to C.P. in Romanian.

Romania - Postal codes

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This is Cod Poştal in Romanian. Romania introduced a new postal code system on 1st May 2003. All new postal codes have 6 digits, commencing with any number between 0 and 9. The first digit indicates one of 10 postal regions, the second number indicates a smaller district. Most postal regions have no more than five districts, with the exception of Bucharest which has 8. The second digit can have a value between 0 and 8.

The final 4 digits indicates a district, town, rural locality, street, part of a street or building. If the third digit is a 0 it indicates a residence within a district. The third digits 1-4 indicate a locality with more than 50000 inhabitants. Third digits 5-6 are for other urban localities. Third digit 7 is for rural areas.

This is summarised below:

Digit 1 Digit 2 Digit 3 Digit 4 Digit 5 Digit 6
0-9 = Postal region 0-8 = District 0 = district residence 000-999 = localities, streets, street sections or buildings
    1-4 = localities with > 50000 inhabitants 000-999 = city districts, streets, street sections or buildings.
    5-6 = Other urban areas 1-9 = dependent upon number of localities in the district 00-99 = city districts
    7 = Rural area 000-999 = Rural localities (districts and suburbs)
    For Bucharest: 0000-9999 = streets, street sections or buildings.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Romania - Postal code format graphic

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Romania - Postal code format

Romania - Postal code specifics

Romania - Postal code regular expression

\A([0-9][0-8]\d{4,4})\Z

Romania - Postal code level of coverage

3

Romania - Postal code map

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Place names in Romania

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Refer to Exonyms in Romania for full lists of place names in Romania in other languages.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Romania - Administrative districts

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Administrative districts graphic

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Romania has 41 counties External (judeţe, singular - judeţ) and 1 municipality (municipiu, shown in the list below with an asterisk). They are listed below:

County Postal code region
Alba External 51
Arad External 31
Argeş External 11
Bacău External 60
Bihor External 41
Bistrita-Năsăud External 42
Botoşani External 71
Brăila External 81
Braşov External 50
Bucureşti External * 01-06
Buzău External 12
Călăraşi External 91
Caraş-Severin External 32
Cluj External 40
Constanta External 90
Covasna External 52
Dâmbovita External 13
Dolj External 20
Galaţi External 80
Gorj External 21
Giurgui External 08
Harghita External 53
Hunedoara External 33
Ialomita External 92
Iaşi External 70
Ilfov External 07
Maramureş External 43
Mehedinti External 22
Mureş External 54
Neamt External 61
Olt External 23
Prahova External 10
Sălaj External 45
Satu Mare External 44
Sibiu External 55
Suceava External 72
Teleorman External 14
Timiş External 30
Tulcea External 82
Vaslui External 73
Vîlcea External 24
Vrancea External 62

This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Telephone numbers in Romania

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Romanian area codes have 2 or 3 digits when called from abroad, and a total length of 9 digits. Mobile numbers have area codes commencing with a 7.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.