_____ _____ Turkmenistan

Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind



This resource costs about € 500 per month to host and maintain. Help me to keep it updated and free for all by donating as little as € 1 at Ko-Fi here. Alternatively, use one of these links to make purchases at Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk, for which I receive a small remuneration at no cost to yourself. Thank you


Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties


For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Turkmenistan - Country information


Local short name form

Official name



7 057 841 (2022) [1]



International telephone access code


ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code


Internet country code


GRC Country Code


Turkmenistan - Number format

   Note: This section last updated 20th June 2021
   1 234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and a space the thousands separator)

Turkmenistan - Date formats


   Note: This section last updated 20th June 2021

Turkmenistan - Languages


The official language, Turkmen External, is spoken by some 76% of the population. There are some 349 000 Russian-speakers; 317 000 Northern Uzbek External-speakers and 28 000 Western Balochi External-speakers. Languages from other parts of the former Soviet Union are also widely spoken.

Turkmenistan - Personal names and forms of address


The use of address forms in Turkmenistan is rather complex. The forms of address Jenap and Khanym are not used in an envelope block – just use the name in the order family name + patronymic + given name. In a letter heading, use hormatly (meaning “honourable”) before the full name string in the order

   given name + patronymic + family name.  

The Russian patronymic naming system is still used. People have a given name, a patronymic name showing filiation to the father, and a family name. The patronymic may be formed in the Russian way:

   Gylchmamet Orazovitch Orazov

or in the Turkmen way with the father’s name being followed by ogly meaning “son of” or gyzy meaning “daughter of” in this way:

   Gylchmamet Oraz ogly Orazov
   Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Turkmenistan - Address formats


   Note: This section last updated 14th January 2021


The first line contains the postal code and settlement name, the second the country name, the third the contact name and the last the street address.

Addresses are also found structured in the “Western” manner, with the postal code on its own on the final line:

   Dovletova G.D. 
   Bitarap Türkmenistan shayoly, kv. 2 jaý 7 otag 3 

Telephone numbers may also be found written in the address block.

Turkmen addresses often contain tokens which indicate what each address element is. These may include wel./welaýat (region), sh./shaher (town or city), etrap (district), Kv./kvartal (block), jaý (premise), kwartira (apartment) and otag (room).

Koche means Street and Shayoly means Avenue.

   A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Turkmenistan - Post office box


   Note: This section last updated 14th January 2021

This is written Mushderi Gutusy, abbreviated to m/g.

Turkmenistan - Postal codes


Postal codes consist of a block of 6 digits. This is the same code that was used before the independence of Turkmenistan from the Soviet Union. All codes commence with 7. The first three digits indicate a main town, the final three the nodal centre of the city or a rural post office.

   Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Turkmenistan - Postal code format graphic


Turkmenistan - Postal code format

Turkmenistan - Postal code specifics

Turkmenistan - Postal code regular expression


Turkmenistan - Postal code level of coverage


Turkmenistan - Postal code map


Place names in Turkmenistan


   Note: This section last updated 26th March 2015

Refer to Exonyms in Turkmenistan for full lists of place names in Turkmenistan in other languages.

Turkmenistan - Administrative districts


   Note: This section last updated 29th June 2023

Turkmenistan has 5 welayatlar External (singular – welaýat) and two cities (Arkadag and Ashkhabad). These are:

    Arkadag External (Split from Ahal Welayaty in March 2023)
    Ahal Welayaty External
    Ashkhabad External
    Balkan Welayaty External 
    Daşoguz Welayaty External
    Lebap Welayaty External 
    Mary Welayaty External

Administrative districts graphic



  1. ^ citypopulation.de/en/turkmenistan/ External 20230813

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2024. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.