Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Exonyms in Russia

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

Table of Contents

Exonyms in Russia

Explanation of the terms endonym and exonym here External. Return to exonyms summary page here

For technical reasons, all alternative place name versions in the lists below have been labelled as "exonyms", even though it may be a local-language alternative form.

Note: many of the postal code ranges shown below originate from Wikipedia and may not be complete – caution is advised when using them.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Czech:

Postal code RussianCzech For more information about this place:
236000 Kaliningrad or Калининград → Královec Kaliningrad - Wikipedia External

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Dutch:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in English:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Estonian:

Postal code RussianEstonian For more information about this place:
188 Vyborg or Выборг → Viiburi Vyborg - Wikipedia External

There are about 31570 speakers of Finnish in the areas along the border with Finland and in the Kola Peninsula. Alternative settlement names in these languages are given below:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Finnish:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in French:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in German:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Hungarian:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Icelandic:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Irish:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Italian:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Latvian:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Lithuanian:

Postal code RussianLithuanian For more information about this place:
238420 Bagrationovsk or Багратио́новск → Ykuva or Iluva or Ylava or Ilava or Eiluva or Prūsų or Yluva or Iluva Bagrationovsk - Wikipedia External
238520–238522, 238525, 238527-238528 Baltiysk or Балти́йск → Piliava Baltiysk - Wikipedia External
  Bolshakovo or Большако́во → Didieji Skaisgirai Bolshakovo - Wikipedia External
  Chekhovo or Че́хово → Udravangis Chekhovo Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238150–238154, 238158, 238165, 238169, 238170, 238816 Chernyakhovsk or Черняхо́вск → Įsrutis Chernyakhovsk - Wikipedia External
  Chernyshevskoye or Черныше́вское → Eitkūnai Chernyshevskoye - Wikipedia External
  Chistye Prudy or Чи́стые Пруды́ → Tolminkiemis Chistye Prudy Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Demyanovka → Angelava  
238404 Domnovo or До́мново → Dumnava Domnovo - Wikipedia External
  Druzhba → Alna or Alenburgas  
  Fevralskoye → Kirsnakiemis  
  Grachovka → Kramava  
  Gromovo → Lauknas  
  Gusev or Гу́сев → Gumbinė Gusev Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238210 Gvardeysk or Гвардейск → Tepliava or Tepliuva Gvardeysk - Wikipedia External
238210 Gvardeyskoye → Miulhauzenas Gvardeysk - Wikipedia External
236 Kaliningrad or Калининград → Karaliaučius Kaliningrad - Wikipedia External
  Kalinino → Mielkiemis  
  Khrabrovo → Pavandenė  
  Kornevo → Cintai or Žintai  
  Krasnolesye or Красноле́сье → Rominta or Raminta Krasnolesye - Wikipedia External
238730 Krasnoznamensk or Краснозна́менск → Lazdėnai or Lazdynai Krasnoznamensk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Krylovo → Nordenburgas or Ašvėnai  
  Kutuzovo or Кутузово → Širvinta  
238460 Ladushkin or Ла́душкин → Liudvigsortas Ladushkin - Wikipedia External
  Lesnoy or Лесно́й → Šarkuva Lesnoy Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Lotnoye → Tenkyčiai  
238450 Mamonovo or Мамоново → Šventpilis or Šventapilė Mamonovo - Wikipedia External
  Marino → Arnava  
  Mayakovskoye or Маяко́вское → Nemirkirmis Mayakovskoye - Wikipedia External
  Mayovka or Маёвка → Jurbarkas or Spargė Mayovka Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Mezhdurechye or Междуречье → Narkyčiai  
  Morskoye → Pilkopa  
  Muromskoye → Laptava or Labutė or Labata or Labota  
238710-238711 Neman or Неман → Ragainė Neman Russia - Wikipedia External
238010 Nesterov or Не́стеров → Stalupėnai Nesterov - Wikipedia External
  Nevskoye or Невское → Pilupėnai Nevskoye Microdistrict - Wikipedia External
238120 Ozersk or Озёрск → Darkiemis Ozyorsk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Pionersky or Пионерский → Kuršiai Pionersky Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238630 Polessk or Поле́сск → Labguva Polessk - Wikipedia External
  Porechye or Поречье → Alnava  
238510 Primorsk or Примо́рск → Žuvininkai  
  Progres → Auktalytė or Auktalitas  
  Ruskoye → Girmava  
  Rybachy or Рыба́чий → Rasytė Rybachy Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238750 Sovetsk or Сове́тск → Gastos Sovetsk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238560-238561, 238563 Svetlogorsk or Светлогорск → Rūsiai Svetlogorsk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238340-238741 Svetly or Светлый → Cimerbūde Svetly Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Talpaki or Талпаки → Toplaukiai Talpaki - Wikipedia External
  Ushkakovo → Pokarviai  
238580-238581 Yantarny or Янтарный → Palvininkai or Palmininkai Yantarny - Wikipedia External
  Yashaya Polyana or Я́сная Поля́на → Trakėnai Yasnaya Polyana Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Vesoloye → Balga  
  Zarechye or Заречье → Kaimiai or Kaimas or Prieglius or Kilgis  
238326, 238530 Zelenogradsk or Зеленоградск → Krantas Zelenogradsk - Wikipedia External
  Zheleznodorozhny → Girdava  
  Znamensk or Знаменск → Vėluva or Vėliava Znamensk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Maltese:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Norwegian:

Postal code RussianNorwegian For more information about this place:
  Sankt Petersburg or Санкт-Петербург → Sankt Peterburg Saint Petersburg - Wikipedia External

Many place names in Kaliningrad Oblast have Polish versions:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Polish:

Postal code RussianPolish For more information about this place:
238420 Bagrationovsk or Багратио́новск → Pruska Iława or Iławka Bagrationovsk - Wikipedia External
238520–238522, 238525, 238527-238528 Baltiysk or Балти́йск → Piława Baltiysk - Wikipedia External
238150–238154, 238158, 238165, 238169, 238170, 238816 Chernyakhovsk or Черняхо́вск → Wystruć Chernyakhovsk - Wikipedia External
  Chernyshevskoye or Черныше́вское → Ejtkuny Chernyshevskoye - Wikipedia External
238743 Dobrovolsk or Добровольск → Pilkały Dobrovolsk - Wikipedia External
238404 Domnovo or До́мново → Domnovo Domnovo - Wikipedia External
  Druzhba → Alembork  
  Gusev or Гу́сев → Gąbin Gusev Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238210 Gvardeysk or Гвардейск → Tapiawa or Tapiewo Gvardeysk - Wikipedia External
236 Kaliningrad or Калининград → Królewiec Kaliningrad - Wikipedia External
  Kornevo → Cynty  
  Krasnolesye or Красноле́сье → Rominty Wielkie Krasnolesye - Wikipedia External
  Kutuzovo or Кутузово → Szyrwinty Kutuzovo Krasnoznamensky District Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238450 Mamonovo or Мамоново → Świętomiejsce or Święta Siekierka Mamonovo - Wikipedia External
  Mezhdurechye or Междуречье → Norkity  
  Mokhovoye or Моховое → Wiskiauty Mokhovoye Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Morskoye → Pilkopy  
238710-238711 Neman or Неман → Ragneta Neman Russia - Wikipedia External
238010 Nesterov or Не́стеров → Stołupiany Nesterov - Wikipedia External
238120 Ozersk or Озерск → Darkiejmy Ozyorsk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Pavolvo or Павлово → Lochstädt  
238630 Polessk or Поле́сск → Labiawa or Labiewo Polessk - Wikipedia External
238400 Pravdinsk or Правдинск → Frydląd Pravdinsk - Wikipedia External
238510 Primorsk or Примо́рск → Rybaki Primorsk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Rybachy or Рыба́чий → Rosity Rybachy Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
238600 Slavsk or Славск → Jędrzychowo Slavsk - Wikipedia External
  Slavskoye → Krzyżbork or Krujzbork  
238750 Sovetsk or Сове́тск → Tylża Sovetsk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Ushakovo or Ушаково → Pokarmin  
238580-238581 Yantarny or Янтарный → Palmniki Yantarny - Wikipedia External
  Yashaya Polyana or Я́сная Поля́на → Trakeny or Trakejny Yasnaya Polyana Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Yasnoye or Я́сное → Kaukiejmy  
  Vesoloye → Bałga  
  Zheleznodorozhny → Gierdawy  
  Znamensk or Знаменск → Welaw Znamensk Kaliningrad Oblast - Wikipedia External

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Portuguese:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Romanian:

Postal code RussianRomanian For more information about this place:
  Moskva or Москва → Moscova Moscow - Wikipedia External

There are about 2000 speakers of Sámi (Saami) in the areas along the border with Finland and in the Kola Peninsula. Alternative settlement names in these languages are given below:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Sami:

Postal code RussianSami For more information about this place:
  Babinsk → Áhkkil  
  Barentsáhpi → Barentsinmeri  
184533 Imandra or Имандра → Avvir Imandra - Wikipedia External
  Jokanga → Jovkajohka  
  Kamensk → Ginddoš  
  Kandalakša → Gáddeluokta  
184380 Kola or Кола → Guoládat Kola Russia - Wikipedia External
  Ljavozero → Leijávri  
184591-184592 Lovozero or Ловозеро → Lujávri Lovozero (rural locality) - Wikipedia External
  Lumbovsk → Luombbis  
  Maselgskij → Másealgi  
  Mončegorsk → Mončgorska  
183000-183099 Murmansk or Мурманск → Murmánska Murmansk - Wikipedia External
  Nikel’ or Ни́кель → Nihkkel Nikel - Wikipedia External
  Notozero → Njuohttejávri  
184530 Olenegorsk or Оленегорск → Olenegorska Olenegorsk Murmansk Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Onega or Onežskoje ozero or Оне́га → Jietnajaš Onega Russia - Wikipedia External
184410 Pechenga or Пече́нга → Beahcán or Peähtsamm Pechenga (urban-type settlement) Murmansk Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Ponoj → Boanni  
  Šonguj → Soanggáš  
184606 Severomorsk or Северомо́рск → Severomorska Severomorsk - Wikipedia External
184575 Sosnovka or Сосновка → Sosnoavki Sosnovka Murmansk Oblast - Wikipedia External
  Suenjel → Suonnjel  
  Ter → Darji  
184630 Teribërka or Териберка → Terberk Teriberka - Wikipedia External
184362 Tuloma or Тулома → Duollángieddi Tuloma (rural locality) - Wikipedia External
  Tumannyj → Tumannii  
  Umba or Умба → Umbjohka Umba Russia - Wikipedia External
  Varsuga → Viersi  
  Varzino → Harcajohka  
  Verchnetulomskij → Verhnetulomskii  
  Voronja → Gorrádat  

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Serbian:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Slovakian:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Spanish:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Swedish:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Vietnamese:

Postal code RussianVietnamese For more information about this place:
  Moskva or Москва → Mạc Tư Kho Moscow - Wikipedia External
  Sankt Petersburg or Санкт-Петербург → Xanh Pê Téc Bua or Bá Đa Phủ or Bỉ Đắc Saint Petersburg - Wikipedia External
690 Vladivostok or Владивосто́к → Hải Sâm Uy or Thắng Đông Vladivostok - Wikipedia External

Võro-Seto is spoken on the border with Estonia. This list gives Võro-Seto versions of Russian settlement names in this area:

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Võro-Seto:

Postal code RussianVõro-Seto For more information about this place:
  Izborsk → Vana-Irboska Izborsk - Wikipedia External
  Maly → Mal’o  
  Novoizborsk → Irboska  
  Pecory → Petseri  
180 Pskov → Pihkva Pskov - Wikipedia External
  Senno → Senno küla  

Russia: Endonyms External and exonyms External in Welsh:

Postal code RussianWelsh For more information about this place:
  Moskva or Москва → Moscfa Moscow - Wikipedia External

Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.