Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Exonyms in Italian

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

Exonyms in Italian

Explanation of the terms endonym and exonym here External. Return to exonyms summary page here

More information about these places is to be found in the country chapters. For technical reasons, all alternative place name versions in the lists below have been labelled as "exonyms", even though it may be a local-language alternative form.

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Exonyms in Italian External

Endonym/Exonym Italian
Exonyms in Albania Bajram Curri → Valbona
Ballsh → Balsidi
Berat → Berati, Belgrado
Bilisht → Biclista, Beliste
Bulqizë → Sant’Anastasia
Burrel → Birelli, Burelli
Çorovodë → Moscopoli
Delvinë → Delvino
Dukat → Ducati
Durrësi → Durazzo
Elbasan → Bassania, Albassania
Ersekë → Ersecco, Erseca
Fier → Fierica, Fieri
Gjirokastra → Argyrokastron, Argirocastro, Girocas
Gramshi → Gramsci, Gremsi
Himarë → Chimara
Kavajë → Cavaia, Cavaglia
Koplik → Copliacco, Cuplienicco, Coplicco
Korçë → Corizza, Coriza, Corcia
Krujë → Croia
Krumë → Cruma, Icrama
Kuçovë → Cuciovia, Cluca
Kukës → Albanopoli, Zuchisi
Laç → Lacci
Lezhë → Alessio
Librazhd → Liborasi, Casali di Sgombi
Lushnjë → Lisignano
Peqin → Pechigna, Pechini
Përmet → Premiti, Permeti
Peshkopi → Piscopia, Piscopeia, Episcopia
Pogradec → Basogrado
Pukë → Pica, Pubblicana
Rrëshen → Orosci, Sant’Alessandro di Orosci
Sarandë → Santi Quaranta, Saranda
Shkodra → Scutari
Tepelenë → Tepelenia
Tiranë → Tirana
Vlorë → Valona, Vallona
Exonyms in Algeria Al-Jazā’ir or الجزائر‎ → Algeri
Khemis → Miliana
Ouahran or وهران → Orano
Qacentina or قسنطينة → Costantina
Exonyms in Austria Arnoldstein → Oristagno
Salzburg → Salzburgo
Salzburg → Zalcburga
Villach → Villaco
Wels → Velsa
Wien → Vienna
Exonyms in Azerbaijan Bakı → Baku
Naxçıvan → Nakhcivan
Exonyms in Bangladesh Dhaka or ঢাকা → Dacca
Exonyms in Belgium Antwerpen → Anversa
Brugge → Bruges
Bruxelles/Brussel → Brusselle
Gent → Gand
Leuven → Lovanio
Liège → Liegi
Mechelen → Malinas
Mechelen → Malines
Oostende → Ostenda
Exonyms in Bulgaria Никопол or Nikopol → Nicopoli
Пловдив or Plovdiv → Filippopoli
София or Sofiya → Sofia
Exonyms in China Beijing or 北京市 → Pechino
Guangzhou or 广州市 → Canton
Nanjing or 南京 → Nanchino
Exonyms in Croatia Antonci → Antonzi
Babići → Babici
Bakar → Buccari
Bale → Valle
Bašanija → Bassania
Baška Voda → Porto Bestonio
Bencani → Benzani
Boljun → Bogliuno
Brač → Brazza
Brdo → Collato
Brič → Briz
Brkač → Bercaz
Brtonigla → Verteneglio
Buje → Buie
Buzet → Pinguente
Bužinija → Buzinia
Cavtat → Ragusavecchia
Čepić → Cepici or Ceppich
Čepljani → Ceppiani
Cerovlje → Cerreto
Cres → Cherso
Crikvenica → Cirquenizza
Crveni Vrh → Monte Rosso
Dajla → Daila
Drniš → Dernis
Dubrovnik → Ragusa
Fažana → Fasana
Funtana → Fontane
Gajana → Gaiano
Galižana → Gallesano
Gamboči → Gambozzi
Golubići → Golubici
Gradac → Labinezza
Gradinje → Gradigne
Grožnjan → Grisignano
Hum → Colmo
Hvar → Lesina
Ilivik → Asinello
Imotski → Imoschi
Ipši → Ipsi
Iž → Eso
Juricani → Giurizzani
Kaldanija → Caldania
Kaldir → Caldier
Kanegra → Canegra
Karigador → Carigador
Karlobag → Carlopago
Karlovac → Carlostadio
Karšete → Carsette
Kastav → Castua
Kaštel → Castel Venere
Kaštelir → Castelliere
Kaštelir-Labinci → Castelliere-Santa Domenica
Klis → Clissa
Kmeti → Metti
Knin → Tenin
Komiža → Comisa
Koprivnica → Coprivniza
Korčula → Curzola
Kostanjica → Castagna
Krajići → Craici
Kraljevica → Porto Re
Krasica → Crasizza
Krk → Veglia
Kršan → Chersano
Kršete → Carsette
Kuberton → Cuberto
Kućibreg → Cucibrech
Labin → Albona
Labinci → Santa Domenica
Lastovo → Lagosta
Livade → Levade
Ližnjan → Lisignano
Lopar → Loparo
Lovran → Laurana
Lovrečica → San Lorenzo
Lupoglav → Lupogliano
Makarska → Macarsca
Makovci → Macovzi
Marija na Krasu → Madonna di Carso
Martinčići → Martincici
Marušići → Marusici
Merišće → Merischie
Momjan → Momiano
Mošćenica → Moschenizze
Motovun → Montona
Muntić → Monticchio
Murine → Morno
Nova Vas → Villa Nova
Novigrad → Cittanova
Ogulin → Ugulino
Olib → Ulbo
Omiš → Almissa
Omišalj → Castel Muschio
Opatija → Abbazia
Oprtalj → Portole
Opuzen → Forte Opus
Osijek → Essechio or Essecchio
Oskoruš → Oscorus
Osor → Ossero
Pag → Pago
Pazin → Pisino
Pazinski Novaki → Neusaß
Pelegrin → San Pelegrino
Peroj → Peroi
Petrovija → Petrovia
Pićan → Pedena
Pirelići → Perelici
Plovanija → Plovania
Poreč → Parenzo
Požega → Possega
Pula → Pola
Rab → Arbe
Raša → Arsa
Rijeka → Fiume
Roč → Rozzo
Rovinj → Rovigno
Rovinjsko Selo → Villa di Rovigno
Savudrija → Salvore
Seget → Seghetto
Senj → Segna
Šibenik → Sebenico
Silba → Selve
Sinj → Signo or Sign
Sisak → Siscia
Šišan → Sissano
Skradin → Scardona
Šorgi → Sorghi
Split → Spalato
Stari Pazin → Niederburg
Šterna → Sterna
Susak → Sansego
Sveta Lucia → Santa Lucia
Sveta Marija na Krasu → Madonna de Carso
Sveti Bartol → San Bortolo
Sveti Ivan → San Giovanni
Sveti Pelegrin → San Pelegrino
Sveti Petar u Šumi → San Pietro in Selve
Tar → Torre
Triban → Tribano
Trogir → Traù
Ugljan → Ugliano
Umag → Umago
Valica → Valizza
Valtura → Altura
Varaždin → Varasdino
Vardica → Vardiza
Veprinac → Apriano
Vilanija → Villania
Vir → Puntadura
Vis → Lissa
Vižinada → Visinada
Vižintini → Visintini
Vodnjan → Dignano
Volosko → Volosca or Volosco
Vrbnik → Verbenico
Vrsar → Orsera
Vukovar → Volco
Zadar → Zara
Zagreb → Zagabria
Zambratija → Zambrattia
Završje → Piemonte
Žminj → Gimino
Žnjidanći → Znidarici
Zrenj → Stridone
Exonyms in Cuba La Habana → L’Avana
Exonyms in Cyprus Larnaka or Λάρνακα → Larnaca
Lefkosia or Λευκωσία → Nicosia
Lemesos or Λεμεσός → Limisso
Pafos or Πάφος → Pafo
Exonyms in Czechia / the Czech Republic Brno → Bruna
Opava → Troppavia
Plzeň → Pilsen
Praha → Praga
Exonyms in Denmark Helsingør → Elsinore
København → Copenhagen
Exonyms in Djibouti Djibouti → Gibuti
Exonyms in Egypt اسكندرية or El Iskandarîya → Alessandriai
أسوان or Aswân → Assuan
السويس‎ or El Suweis → Suez
القاهرة or El Qâhira → Il Cairo
بورسعيد or Borsaʿīd or Bûr Saîd → Porto Said
دمياط or Dumyât → Damietta
Exonyms in Eritrea Mitsiwa → Massaua
ኣስመራ or Asmera → Asmara
Exonyms in Ethiopia Dessie or ደሴ → Dessiè
Mek'ele or መቐለ → Macallè
Nejo → Neggio
Nekemte → Lecamti or Lechemti or Lechenti
Shashamene or ሻሸመኔ → Sciasciamanna
Sheno → Sciano
Sodo → Soddo or Soddu
Soqota or ሰቆጣ → Socota
Welkite → Nonno
Were Ilu or ወረ ኃይሉ → Uorra Hailù
Wuchale → Uccialli
Wukro or ውቕሮ → Ougerat
Ziway → Zuai
Exonyms in France Agde → Agino or Agenno
Aiglun → Aigluno
Aigues-Mortes → Acquamorta
Aire → Atura
Aix-en-Provence → Acchisi or Ecchisi
Ajaccio → Aiaccio
Albertville → Villalberto
Amboise → Ambosa
Amiens → Amiano
Angers → Angiò
Angoulême → Angoleme
Annonay → Annonai
Antibes → Antibo
Apt → Apta
Arcachon → Arcachon
Arles → Arli
Arras → Arasso
Ascros → Ascroso or Scroso
Aspremont → Aspromonte
Aubagne → Albagna
Autun → Autuno
Auvare → Auvara
Auxerre → Ausserre
Avignon → Avignone
Bairols → Bairolo
Barcelonnette → Barcellonetta
Bayonne → Baiona
Bazas → Basato
Beaulieu-sur-Mer → Belluogo
Beausoleil → Belsole
Belfort → Belforte
Belgodère → Belgodere
Belley → Bellei
Belvédère → Belvedere
Bendejun → Bendigiuno or Bendegiuno
Bergerac → Bergherago
Berre-les-Alpes → Berra or Berre dell’Alpi
Besançon → Besanzone
Beuil → Boglio or Boglio Montano
Béziers → Besiera
Blausasc → Bleusasco or Blausasco
Blaye → Blaia
Blois → Blesa
Bonson → Bonsone or Bausone
Bordeaux → Bordò
Boulogne-sur-Mer → Bologna di Mare
Bouyon → Boione
Breil-sur-Roya → Breglio or Beglio sul Roia
Brie → Bregia
Calais → Caleto or Calei
Cannes → Canna
Cantaron → Cantarone
Cap-d’Ail → Capodaglio or Capo d’Aglio or Capo d’Aggio
Cargèse → Cargese
Carpentras → Carpentrasso or Carpentorato
Castellar → Castellaro or Castellaro di Mentone
Castelsarrasin → Castel Sarassino
Castillon → Castiglione or Castiglione di Mentone
Castres → Castro
Cavaillon → Cavaglione
Châlons-en-Champagne → Cialone sulla Marna or Scialone or Cialona
Chalon-sur-Saône → Cialone sulla Saona or Scialone or Celona in Borgogna
Chartres → Ciartre
Châteaudun → Castelduno
Châteauneuf-d’Entraunes → Castelnuvo d’Entraunes or Castelnuovo d’Entrone
Châteauneuf-Villevieille → Castelnuovo-Villavecchia
Cholet → Coleto
Clans → Clanzo or Clanso
Clermont-Ferrand → Chiaromonte or Chiaramonte-Ferrante
Coaraze → Coarazza or Coarasa
Colomars → Colomarte or Colombare
Conségudes → Conseguda
Contes → Conti
Corbiere → Corbare
Coulommiers → Colombiera
Cuébris → Cuebris or Quebris
Daluis → Daluigi
Dax → Acque or Dacia
Die → Dia
Dieppe → Dieppa
Digne-les-Bains → Digno delle Terme or Digna
Dijon → Digione
Dinan → Dinante
Dole → Dola
Donzère → Donzera
Draguignan → Draghignano
Drap → Drappo or Drapo
Dreux → Droco or Durocassio
Duranus → Duranuzzo or Daranusso
Embrun → Ambrone or Ambruno
Épinal → Spinale
Èze → Eza
Falicon → Falicone
Faucigny → Fossigni
Fontan → Fontano
Forcalquier → Forcalchieri
Galéria → Galeria
Gap → Gapo
Gilette → Giletta
Grasse → Grassa
Grenoble → Granopoli
Guillaumes → Guglielmi
Hyères → Iera
Ilonse → Ilonza or Illonza
Isola → Isola nel Mercantore
L’Escarène → Scarena
La Bollène-Vésubie → Bollena or Bolena
La Brigue → Briga Marittima or Briga
La Penne → La Penna
La Rochelle → La Roccella
La Roquette-sur-Var → Rocchetta del Varo
La Tour → La Torre
La Trinité → Trinità or Trinità Vittorio
La Turbie → Turbia
Lantosque → Lantosca
Laon → Laone
Laval → Lavalle
Lavaur → Lavauro
Le Mans → Cenomano
Le Mas → Masio
Le Puy → Podio or Poi
Les Ferres → Ferri
Levens → Levenzo or Levenso
Libourne → Liborno or Liburno
Lieuche → Liborno or Liburno
Lille → Lilla
Limoges → Limoge
Lodève → Lodeva
Longwy → Lungovico
Lons-le-Saunier → Ledone Salinario
Lure → Ludera or Lura
Lyon → Lione
Mâcon → Macone
Malaussène → Malaussena or Magliassene
Manosque → Manesco or Manosco
Mantes-la-Jolie → Mante
Marie → Maria
Marmande → Marmanda
Marseille → Marsiglia
Massoins → Massoino or Maissone or Massoine
Mauriac → Mauriaca
Mende → Menda
Menton → Mentone
Mirande → Miranda or Meranda
Moïta → Moita
Montauban → Montalbano or Montealbano or Montelbano
Montluçon → Monte Lussone or Monlussone
Montmirail → Montemiraglio
Moulinet → Moulinetto
Nancy → Nansi
Nantes → Nante or Nanta
Narbonne → Narbona
Nevers → Niverno
Nice → Nizza
Nîmes → Nimissi or Nimese
Niort → Niorto
Noyon → Noione
Oloron-Sainte-Marie → Olerone
Orléans → Orleano
Pamiers → Pamiero
Paris → Parigi
Pau → Palo
Peille → Peglia or Peglio di Nizza
Peillon → Peglione
Péone → Peona
Périgueux → Petrogorio
Perpignan → Perpignano
Pierlas → Pierlasso or Pietralassa
Pierrefeu → Pietrafuoco or Pietrafoco
Poitiers → Pittieri
Provins → Pruvino
Puget-Rostang → Pogetto Rostang or Poggetto Rostagno
Puget-Théniers → Poggetto Tenieri
Reims → Remi
Rennes → Renna
Revest-les-Roches → Revesto
Rigaud → Rigaud
Rimplas → Reimplasso or Rimpiazzo d’Ilonza
Romans-sur-Isère → Romano
Roquebillière → Roccabigliera
Roquebrune-Cap-Martin → Roccabruna or Roccabruna sul Capo Martino
Roquesteron → Roccasterone
Roubaix → Rubaci
Roubion → Robione
Rouen → Roano
Roure → Rorà
Roussillon → Rossiglione or Catalogna del Nord
Saint-André-de-la-Roche → Sant-Andrea di Nizza
Saint-Antonin → Sant-Antonino
Saint-Blaise → San Boagio di Nizza
Saint-Dalmas-le-Selvage → San Dalmazzo Selvatico or San Dalmazzo Selvaggio
Saint-Denys → San Dionisio
Saint-Dizier → San Desiderio
Sainte-Agnès → Sant’Agnese
Saintes → Santes
Saint-Étienne → Santo Stefano
Saint-Étienne-de-Tinée → Santo Stefano di Tinea
Saint-Florent → San Fiorenzo
Saint-Flour → San Floro
Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat → San Giovanni Capo Ferrato
Saint-Léger → San Leggero
Saint-Lô → Santo Lo
Saint-Martin-du-Var → San Martino del Varo
Saint-Martin-Vésubie → San Martino Lantosca or San Martino Vesubia
Saint-Nazaire → San Nazario
Saint-Sauveur-sur-Tinée → San Salvatore di Tinea
Saint-Tropez → San Torpe
Sallagriffon → Sallagriffone
Saorge → Saorgio
Sarlat-la-Canéda → Sarlato
Sartène → Sartena
Saulieu → Salvoloco
Saumur → Salmuro or Salmure
Sauze → Sause or Salici
Sens → Seno
Sigale → Cigalla
Sisteron → Sisterone
Soissons → Soissone
Sombernon → Sombernone
Sospel → Sospello
Strasbourg → Strasburgo
Tarascon → Tarascona
Tarbes → Tarbe
Tarentaise → Tarantasia
Tende → Tenda
Thérouanne → Tarvenna
Thiéry → Tieri
Thouars → Toarcio
Tonnerre → Tonnero
Toudon → Todone
Touët-de-l’Escarène → Toetto-Scarena
Touët-sur-Var → Toetto di Boglio or Toetto sul Varo
Toulon → Tolone
Toulouse → Tolosa
Tourette-du-Château → La Torretta
Tournefort → Tornaforte
Tourrette-Levens → Torretta Levenzo or Torrette Chiabaudi
Tours → Turone
Utelle → Utello or Utelle or Utella or Uteglia
Vaison-la-Romaine → Vaisone
Valdeblore → Valdiblora
Valence → Valenza nel Delfinato
Valenciennes → Valenzino
Vannes → Vanna
Vaucluse → Valchiusa
Venanson → Venanzone or Venansone
Vence → Venza
Vendôme → Vendomo
Verdèse → Verdese
Verdun → Vernone
Villars-sur-Var → Villar de Varo
Villefranche-sur-Mer → Villafrance or Villafrance Marittima or Villafranca sul Mare
Villeneuve-d’Entraunes → Villanova d’Entraunes or Villanuova d’Entrone
Vire → Vira
Viviers → Vivierse
Exonyms in French Guiana Cayenne → Caienna
Exonyms in Germany Aachen → Aquisgrana
Augsburg → Aquisgrana
Bamberg → Bamberga
Berlin → Berlino
Brandenburg → Brandeburgo
Bremen → Brema
Coburg → Coburgo
Dresden → Dresda
Frankfurt am Main → Francoforte sul Meno
Frankfurt an der Oder → Francoforte sull’Oder
Göttingen → Gottinga
Hamburg → Amburgo
Heidelberg → Aidelberga or Eidelberga
Koblenz → Coblenza
Köln → Colonia
Konstanz → Constanza
Leipzig → Lipsia
Lübeck → Lubecca
Lüneburg → Luneburgo
Magdeburg → Magdeburgo
Mainz → Magonza
Meißen → Misnia
München → Monaco (di Baviera)
Nürnberg → Norimberga
Oldenburg → Oldemburgo
Passau → Passavia
Regensburg → Ratisbona
Speyer → Spira
Stuttgart → Stoccarda
Trier → Treviri
Tübingen → Tubinga
Ulm → Ulma
Wittenberg → Vittemberga or Wittemberga
Worms → Vormazia
Exonyms in Greece Acheloos or Αχελώος → Aspropotamo or Acheloo
Aigina or Αίγινα → Egina
Alexandroupoli or Αλεξανδρούπολη → Alessandropoli
Amphipolis or Αμφίπολη → Amphipolis
Argos or Άργος → Argo
Athínai or Αθήνα → Atene
Chaironeia or Χαιρώνεια → Cheronea or Coronea
Chalcis or Chalkida or Χαλκίδα → Chalcide
Chania or Χανιά → La Canea
Epidaurus or Επίδαυρος → Epidauro
Igoumenitsa or Ηγουμενίτσα → Gomenizza or Igumenizza
Ioannina or Ιωάννινα → Giannina
Kérkira or Κέρκυρα → Corfù
Kórinthos or Κόρινθος → Corinto
Marathonas or Μαραθώνας → Maratona
Megalopolis or Μεγαλόπολη → Megalopoli
Megisti or Μεγίστη → Castelrosso
Mesolongi or Μεσολόγγι → Missolungi
Methoni or Μεθώνη → Modone
Monemvasia or Μονεμβασία → Malvasia
Mykines or Μυκήνες → Micene
Mystras or Μυστρᾶς or Μιστρᾶς → Mistrà
Nafpaktos or Ναύπακτος → Lepanto
Nisyros or Νίσυρος → Nisiro
Orchomenos → Orcomeno
Patrai or Πάτρα → Patrasso
Piraiévs or Πειραιεύς → Pireo
Pylos or Πύλος → Navarino
Ródos or Ρόδος → Rodi
Samothraki or Σαμοθράκη → Samotracia
Serifos or Σέριφος → Serfanto or Serifo
Thessaloníki or Θεσσαλονίκη → Salonicco
Thiva or Θῆβαι → Tebe
Tilos or Τήλος → Píscopi
Zakynthos or Ζάκυνθος → Zante or Zacinto
Exonyms in Hungary Szeged → Seghedino
Exonyms in India Kolkata or কলকাতা → Calcutta
Mumbai or मुंबई → Bombay
New Delhi or नई दिल्ली or ਨਵੀਂ ਦਿੱਲੀ or نئی دہلی → Nuova Delhi
Exonyms in Indonesia Jakarta → Giacarta
Exonyms in Iran Tehran or تهران → Teheran or Tehran
Exonyms in Iraq Al-Başrah or البصرة‎ → Bàssora
Exonyms in Ireland Dublin → Dublino
Exonyms in Israel Akko or עַכּוֹ or عكّا‎‎ → Acri
Ashkelon or אַשְׁקְלוֹן or عسقلان‎‎ → Ascalona
Nazerat Illit or נָצְרַת עִלִּית or الناصرة العليا‎‎ → Nazaret
Teverya or טְבֶרְיָה or طبرية‎‎ → Tiberiade
Yafo or יָפוֹ or يَافَا → Giaffa
Yerushalayim or יְרוּשָׁלַיִם or القُدس‎ → Gerusalemme
Exonyms in Japan Tokyo or 東京 → Tokio
Exonyms in Lebanon Şaydā or صيدون‎ → Sidone
Şūr or صور → Tiro
Tarābulus or طرابلس‎ → Tripoli
Exonyms in Libya Ajdābiyah or أجدابيا → Agedabia
Al ‘Aziziyah or العزيزية → Al ‘Aziziyah
Al Abraq or الأبرق → Luigi di Savoia
Al Bauda or البيضاء → Beida
Al Jawf or الجوف → El-Giof
Al Khums or الخمس → Homs
Al Marj or المرج → Barca or Barce
Al Maya → Lemaia
An Nawfaliyah or النوفلية → En-Nofalia
Awbari or أوباري → Ubari
Awjilah or أوجله → Áugila
Az Zawiyah or الزاوية → Zauia or Zavia
Bani Walid or بني وليد → Beni Ulid
Bardiyah or البردية → Bardia
Benghāzi or بنغازي → Bengasi
Bin Jawad or بن جواد → Bin Jawad
Darnah or درنة → Derna
Gasr Garabulli → Castelverde
Gharyan or غريان → Garian
Ghat or غات‎‎ → Gat
Ghudāmis or غدامس → Gadames
Jadda’im or جوددائم → Geddaim
Jadu or جادو → Giado
Jaghbub or الجغبوب → Giarabub
Jalu or جالو → Giálo
Kambut or كمبوت → Gasr Cambút
Kufra → Cufra
Maradah or مرادة → Maráda
Marawah or مراوة → Maraua
Mashashita or المشاشطة → Masciascita
Misrātah or مصراتة‎‎ → Misurata
Mizdah or مزدة → Mizda
Murzuk or مرزق → Murzuch
Qaminis or قمينس → Ghemínes
Sabhah or سبها → Sebha or Sabha
Sawknah or سوكنة → Socna
Shahhāt or شحات → Cirene
Surt or سرت → Sirte
Tabaqah or طبقة → Tobga
Tarābulus or طرابلس → Tripoli
Tarhunah or ترهونة → Tarhuna
Tazirbu or تازربو‎‎ → Tazerbo or Taiserbo
Ţubruq or طبرق → Tobruch or Tobruk
Waddan or ودان → Uaddan or Ueddan
Wazzin or وازن → Uazzan
Yafran or يفرن → Iefren
Zillah or زلة → Zella
Zuwārah or زوارة → Zuára
Exonyms in Luxembourg Lëtzebuerg → Lussemburgo
Exonyms in Malta Birgu → Vittoriosa
Birkirkara → Birchircara
Birżebbuġa → Birzebbugia
Bormla → Cospicua
Dingli → Dingle
Fgura → Figura
Għajnsielem → Gainsielem
Għarb → Garbo
Għargħur → Gargur
Għasri → Gasri or Ghasri
Għaxaq → Asciac
Gudja → Gudia
Gżira → Gezira
Iklin → L’Iclin
Isla → Senglea
Kemmuna → Comino
Kerċem → Chercem
Kirkop → Chircop
Lija → Lia
Marsaxlokk → Marsalocca or Marsa Scirocco
Mdina → Medina
Mġarr → Mugiarro
Mosta → Musta
Mqabba → Micabba
Msida → Misida
Mtarfa → Marfa
Munxar → Monsciar
Naxxar → Nasciaro
Qala → La Cala
Qormi → Curmi
Qrendi → Crendi
Rabat → Rabatto del Castello
Raħal Ġdid → Paola
San Ġiljan → San Giuliano
San Ġwann → San Giovanni
San Lawrenz → San Lorenzo
San Pawl Il-Baħar → Baia di San Paolo
Santa Luċija → Santa Lucia
Siġġiewi → Suggeui
Tarxien → Tarscen
Valletta → La Valletta
Wied Il-Għajn → Marsascala or Marsaskala
Xagħra → Sciara
Xewkija → Xeuchia
Xgħajra → Sciaira
Żebbuģ → Casal Zebbugi or Casala Zebbugia
Żejtun → Zeitun
Żurrieq → Zurrico
Exonyms in Mexico Ciudad de México → Città di Messico
Exonyms in Montenegro Bar or Бар → Antivari
Budva or Будва → Budua
Cetinje or Цетиње → Cettigne
Herceg Novi or Херцег Нови → Castelnuovo
Kotor or Котор → Cattaro
Perast or Пераст → Perasto
Prčanj → Perzagno
Risan or Рисан → Risano
Tivat or Тиват → Teodo
Ulcinj or Улцињ → Dulcigno
Exonyms in Morocco Ed-Dar el-Bida or الدار البيضاء → Casablanca
Tanger or طنجة‎ → Tangeri
Exonyms in Netherlands ’s-Gravenhage → L’Aia
’s-Hertogenbosch → Boscoducale
Groningen → Groninga
Leiden → Leida
Nijmegen → Nimega
Vlissingen → Flessinga
Exonyms in North Korea P’yongyang or 평양 → Pyongyang
Exonyms in Northern Cyprus Mağusa or Gazimağusa → Famagosta
Exonyms in Oman Musqaţ or مسقط → Mascate
Exonyms in Poland Gdańsk → Danzica
Kraków → Cracovia
Lublin → Lublino
Szczecin → Stettino
Toruń → Turonia
Warszawa → Varsavia
Wisła → Vistola
Wrocław → Breslavia
Exonyms in Portugal Bragança → Braganza
Lisboa → Lisbona
Porto → Oporto
Exonyms in Romania Bucureşti → Bucarest
Constanţa → Constanza
Exonyms in Russia Arhangelsk or Арха́нгельск → Ancangelo
Moskva or Москва → Mosca
Rostov-na-Donu or Росто́в-на-Дону́ → Rostov sul Don
Sankt Petersburg or Санкт-Петербург → San Pietroburgo
Yekaterinburg or Екатеринбу́рг → Jekaterinenburg
Exonyms in Saudi Arabia Al Madinah or المدينة المنورة‎ → Medina
Jiddah‎ or جدة‎ → Gedda
Makkah or مكة → La Mecca
Exonyms in Serbia Beograd or Београд → Belgrado
Exonyms in Slovenia Ajdovščina → Aidussina
Ajševica → Aisovizza
Anhovo → Anicova
Ankaran → Ancarano
Babiči → Babici or Babici di Maresego
Banjšice → Bainsizza
Batuje → Battuglia
Bertoki → Bertocchi
Bezovica → Besovizza
Boršt → Boste
Bošamarin → Bossamarin
Bovec → Plezzo
Branik → Rifenbergo
Brda → Collio
Breginj → Bergogna
Brje → Bria dei Furlani
Budanje → Budagne
Butari → Buttari
Celje → Cilli or Celeia
Čentur → Centora
Čepovan → Chiappovano
Cerknica → Circonio
Cerkno → Circhina
Čežarji → Cesari
Col → Zolla
Črni Vrh → Montenero d’Idria
Črniče → Cernizza Goriziana
Dekani → Villa Deccani
Divača → Divaccia
Dobravlje → Dobraule
Dobrovo → Castel Dobra
Dolga Poljana → Campolongo di Vipacco
Dornberk → Montespino
Drežnica → Dresenza
Fiesa → Fiesso
Gaberje → Gabria
Grgar → Gargaro
Hrpelje-Kozina → Erpelle-Cosina
Hrvatini → Crevatini
Idrija → Idria
Ilirska Bistrica → Villa del Nevoso
Izola → Isola
Kal nad Kanalom → Cal di Canale
Kamnje → Camigna
Kampel → Campel or Campello
Kanal ob Soči → Canale d’Isonzo
Kobarid → Caporetto
Komen → Comeno
Koper → Capodistria
Koseč → Cossis
Kranj → Cragno
Kranjska Gora → Carniola or Monte Cragnisca
Krkavče → Carcase or Carcauzze
Krnica → Carnizza
Kromberk → Moncorona
Libušnje → Libussina
Lipica → Lipizza
Ljubljana → Lubiana
Logatec → Longatico
Lokavec → Locavizza
Lucija → Lucia
Marezige → Maresego
Maribor → Marburgo
Miren → Merna
Most na Soči → Santa Lucia
Nova Gorica → Nuova Gorizia
Novaki → Novacchi
Novo Mesto → Nova Urbe
Opatje Selo → Opachiasella
Ozeljan → Ossegliano or Ossegliano San Michele
Parecag → Parezzago
Piran → Pirano
Pivka → San Pietro del Carso
Podnanos → San Vito di Vipacco
Pomjan → Paugnano
Portoroz → Portorose
Postojna → Postumia
Ptuj → Petovio
Rakitovec → Acquaviva dei Vena
Renče → Renzano or Ranziano
Rižana → Risano
Seča → Sezza
Sečovlje → Sicciole
Šempas → San Basso or Sambasso
Šempeter-Vrtojba → San Pietro-Vertoiba
Sežana → Sesana
Škocjan → San Canziano
Skrilje → Scrilla
Šmarje → Samaria
Šmartno ob Dreti → San Martino
Soča → Sonzia
Solkan → Salcano
Štanjek → Monte San Daniele
Strunjan → Strugnano
Šturje → Sturie delle Fusine
Temnica → Temenizza
Tinjan → Antignano
Tolmin → Tolmino
Ustje → Ustie
Velike Žablje → Sable Grande
Vipava → Vipacco
Vipavski Križ → Santa Croce di Aidussina
Vrhnika → Verconico or Nauporto
Vrtovin → Vertovino
Exonyms in Somalia Barbera → Berbera
Gaalkacyo → Gallacaio
Kismayo → Chisimaio
Marka → Merca
Mogadishu → Mogadiscio
Exonyms in South Africa Cape Town or Kaapstad → Città del Capo
Exonyms in South Korea Seoul or 서울시 → Seul
Exonyms in South Sudan Juba or جوبة → Giuba
Exonyms in Spain Barcelona → Barcellona
Cádiz → Cadice
Córdoba → Cordova
Granada → Granata
Roncesvalles → Roncisvalle
Sevilla → Siviglia
Valencia → Valenza
Zaragoza → Saragozza
Exonyms in Sudan Kassala or كسلا‎‎ → Cassala
Exonyms in Sweden Göteborg → Gotemburgo
Stockholm → Stoccolma
Exonyms in Syria Dimashq or دمشق → Damasco
Halab or ﺣﻠﺐ‎ → Aleppo
Hims or حمص‎ → Homs
Exonyms in Tunisia Bizerte or بنزرت → Biserta
Djerba or جربة → Gerba
Halq Al-Wādī or حلق الوادي‎ → La Goletta
Qabis or قابس → Gabes
Safaqis or صفاقس → Sfax
Sousse or سوسة → Susa
Tunis or تونس → Tunisi
Exonyms in Turkey Antalya → Adalia
Bodrum → Alicarnasso
Bursa → Brussa or Prusa
Edirne → Adrianopoli
Gelibolu → Gallipoli
İskenderun → Alessandretta
İstanbul → Costantinopoli
İzmir → Smirne
İzmit → Nicomedia
Kayseri → Cesarea
Trabzon → Trebisonda
Exonyms in Ukraine Київ or Kiyev → Kijev
Львів or Lviv → Leopoli
Одеса or Odesa → Odessa
Севасто́поль or Sevastopol → Sebastopoli
Сімферополь or Simferopol’ → Sinferopoli
Exonyms in United Kingdom Edinburgh → Edimburgo
London → Londra
Exonyms in Uzbekistan Buxoro or Бухоро → Buchara
Samarqand → Samarcanda
Toškent or Тошкент → Taskent
Exonyms in Yemen Al ’Adan or عدن‎ → Aden
Exonyms on the West Bank أريحا or Arīḥā‎ → Gerico
الخليل or al-Khalīl → Hebron
بيت لحم‎ or Bayt Lahm‎ → Betlemme
نابلس‎ or Nāblus → Nablus


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2019. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.