Global Sourcebook for International Data Management

                                         by Graham Rhind

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Sweden

Global Sourcebook | Index | Properties

SWEDEN
SWEDEN

For supplementary information, see links to post office home pages here External, to postal code pages here External and to other personal name and addressing issues pages here External.

Table of Contents

Sweden - Country information

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Local short name form

Official name

Area

Population

Capital

Currency

International telephone access code

46

ISO 3166 country codes

Car nationality plate code

S

Internet country code

SE

GRC Country Code

SWE

Sweden - Number format

   1.234,45

(where , indicates the decimal separator and . the thousands separator)

Sweden - Date and time formats

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   yyyy-mm-dd

Other forms may be found such as:

   dd/mm-yyyy
   dd/mm yyyy
   dd/mm-yy
   dd/mm/yy

In written Swedish, the 24-hour clock notation is usually used.

Sweden - Languages

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The official language, Swedish External, is spoken by 93%. Finnish External is spoken by 3%. There are some 3 000 Romani External-speakers and 11 000 Saami (Sámi) External-speakers (in 5 different forms) in the far north.

Sweden - Personal names

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Generally in Sweden, you can indicate on your correspondence whether the contents are private or may be opened by others. Two formats are used. The following format indicates that your mail may be opened by others:

   Company name
   Department name
   Contact name
   Rest of address

The following format indicates that the mail is private and personal:

   Contact name
   Company name
   Department name 
   Rest of address

Swedish law External states that give names shall not be approved if they can cause offence or can be supposed to cause discomfort for the one using it, or names which for some obvious reason are not suitable as a given name. Protest names such as Brfxxccxxmnpcccclllmmnprxvclmnckssqlbb11116 (pronounced Albin) and Metallica have been struck down by this law.

Married females may take their husband’s family name or may retain their own pre-marriage family name, or use both. Some choose an unrelated surname.

Tables of names can be acquired: given names External, surnames/family names External, family name prefixes External, forms of address External, job titles External

Sweden - Company names

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Swedish company types include:

   AB (Aktiebolag) (limited liability stock corporation)
   AB (Publ) (Publikt aktiebolag) (public stock corporation)
   Enkelt bolag (Regulated partnership)
   EF (Enskild Firma)
   EF (Ekonomisk Förening - Economic association 
   -förening - association.
   HB (Handelsbolag – trading partnership)
   Ideell förening (non-profit organization)
   KB (Kommanditbolag – limited partnership)
   Kooperativ - Co-operative 

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Sweden - Addresses

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Addresses are written in the following format:

   Recipient name 
   Thoroughfare[ ]number 
   postal code[  ]TOWN NAME

For example:

image

There should be two spaces between the postal code and the settlement name.

Large companies have unique postal codes and their addresses contain no street address and therefore have only two lines. For example:

image

Thoroughfare types are written after the thoroughfare name, without a space between them. As with other Scandinavian languages, the definite article does not appear as a separate word in Swedish but as a suffix (-en) at the end of a word.

The settlement name to be given in the address is that of the post‑office distribution centre. Villages within an area served by a distribution centre in a larger settlement do not have to be separately mentioned on the address - the name of the larger centre with the postal code is sufficient. Isolated farmsteads, of which Sweden has many, are often addressed without a street address. The following form would be used:

Recipient name

   Village[, ]Farmstead name 
   postal code[ ]TOWN NAME

For example:

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The Swedish postal authorities prefer that 'SE-' is placed before the postal codes, but the rules of the country from which the mail is sent must define if you do this - please refer to Formatting an international address.

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A table containing information about the relevant position of elements within address blocks can be acquired External

Thoroughfare types

By far the most common thoroughfare types that will be encountered are -gaten and -vägen. A fuller list of thoroughfare types is:

   allé 
   dallen 
   gate 
   gaten 
   gränd 
   gränden
   liden 
   plan 
   promenader
   race 
   stigen 
   strand 
   torg 
   väg 
   vägen

image

Comprehensive tables of these strings can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/addresses.htm External

Other elements commonly found in address databases

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NB: In Swedish the form of an adjective depends on the gender of the noun to which it refers and whether it is singular or plural. The following abbreviations are used: (s) = singular, (pl) = plural.

Swedish English
den (s), de (pl.), det, ett the (but only when followed by an adjective preceding a noun. Otherwise the gender is indicated by adding a suffix to the noun)
en a, an
och and
till, intill till, until, up to
för, framför, före, inför for
av of
från from
till, åt to, towards
via, i närheten near, by
on
i, in in
motliggande, på andra sidan opposite
närmast next to
bak, bakom behind
framme, framför in front of
mellan, emellan between
över over
under under
med with
ny, nya new
gammal, gamla, gammalt old
kort short
lång long
stor big
liten (s), små (pl) small
nord north
ost east
syd south
väst west

Sweden - Post office box

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This is written as Box. Postlåda is also found.

Sweden - Postal codes

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Postal codes (Postnummer), introduced 12th May 1968, consist of 5 digits, beginning with a number between 1 and 9, and written in the fol­lowing structure:

   999[ ]99

The first three digits are the outward sorting code, the last two the inward sorting code.

The first digits usually indicate the borough, the last indicate areas or streets within the borough. With larger cities, a whole range of postal codes exists and only the first digit is the same for the whole city. In medium-sized towns the first two digits are likely to be the same, whilst all three digits will be the same in more rural areas. Large companies and post-office boxes may have indi­vidual postal codes. Although the first three digits indicate an area, the name of the town given may differ. For example:

   311 42  FALKENBERG
   311 96  HEBERG

There are no postal codes in Sweden beginning with these numbers:

   0, 32, 48, 49, 99

The Swedish postal authorities prefer that 'SE-' is placed before the postal codes, but the rules of the country from which the mail is sent must define if you do this - please refer to Formatting an international address.

Metadata containing postal code formatting rules, exceptions and regular expressions can be acquired External

Sweden - Postal code format graphic

image

Sweden - Postal code format

Sweden - Postal code specifics

Sweden - Postal code regular expression

\A([1-2|5-8]\d{2,2}( )\d{2,2}|(3)[0-1|3-9][0-9]( )\d{2,2}|(4)[0-7][0-9]( )\d{2,2}|(9)[0-8][0-9]( )\d{2,2})\Z

Sweden - Postal code level of coverage

3

Sweden - Postal code map

image .

image

. image

Place names in Sweden

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Sami speakers have their own versions of place names in the north of the country.

Refer to Exonyms in Sweden for full lists of place names in Sweden in other languages.

image Place name sign in Swedish and Sami. Source: Wikipedia

Alternate place name forms/postal code tables can be acquired at http:www.grcdi.nl/settlements.htm External

Other language place name data can be acquired at http://www.grcdi.nl/otherlanguageplace.htm External

Sweden - Administrative districts

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Administrative districts graphic

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Sweden has 21 counties (Län External). The change from 24 to 21 Län occurred on 1st January 1999. Six län were lost (Alvsborgs, Göteborgs och Bohus, Kopparbergs, Kristianstads, Malmöhus and Skaraborgs). Three new län were created (Dalanas, Skåne and Västra Götelands) . They are not used in addresses. They are listed below. Note that the postal code area equivalents are not exact, they exclude postal code areas which clearly cover ground in more than one county, and place names along the county borders may be in different postal code areas.

County Approximate postal code area
Blekinge Län External 37
Dalanas External 77-79
Gävleborgs Län External 80-82
Gotlands Län External 62
Hallands Län External 30-31
Jämtlands Län External 83
Jönköpings Län External 33
Kalmar Län External 38-39
Kronobergs Län External 34-36
Norbottens Län External 95-98
Örebro Län External 69-71
Östergötlands Län External 55-56, 58-60
Skåne External 20-27, 29
Södermanlands Län External 63-64
Stockholms Län External 1
Uppsala Län External 75-76
Värmlands Län External 65, 67-68
Västerbottens Län External 91-94
Västernorrlands Län External 85-89
Västra Götelands External 40-47, 51-54
Västmanlands Län External 72-73

This regions/postal code data can be acquired as a data file External

Telephone numbers in Sweden

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Swedish fixed line numbers have a total length of between 7 and 9 digits when called from abroad. Mobile numbers have 9 digits and have the area codes 70, 72, 73 and 76.

Tables of telephone number information/formats can be acquired – see http://www.grcdi.nl/telephone.htm External


Every effort is made to keep this resource updated. If you find any errors, or have any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact the author.

All information copyright Graham Rhind 2017. Any information used should be acknowledged and referenced.